Why does the radish stretch and go to the arrow? What to do and can the harvest be saved?

Why does the radish stretch and go to the arrow? What to do and can the harvest be saved?

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Radish belongs to unpretentious and frost-resistant plants, but if some growing rules are violated, it can go to the arrow.

This negatively affects the quality of the spring harvest: the arrow takes away nutrients, and the roots lose their taste and useful properties. Our article will tell you why the root crop is pulled out and whether it can be prevented.

What does it mean - the radish went into the arrow?

Shooting is a process inherent not only in radishes, but also in garlic and onions. If the purpose of growing this root crop is to obtain a good harvest for direct consumption, then arrows are not needed. If the task is to collect seeds, then on the contrary, flowering is desirable and necessary.

Radish is one of the representatives of the Cabbage family, in which pollination occurs due to insects or wind. When pollination occurs, the vegetable crop blooms - inflorescences are formed on an elongated stem, popularly called "arrow".

Gardeners try to prevent flowering, since the taste of the radish deteriorates, it takes on an elongated shape.

What does an elongated radish look like?

If the conditions for growing radishes (watering, soil composition, air temperature) are not followed, the plant can provoke the formation of arrows and flowering. The root crop changes shape, becomes elongated, looks rough, has a dull shade, and in some cases grows completely.

Why does this affect the quality of the crop?

The quality of the radish crop suffers greatly if the crop goes into the arrow. Giving up all the nutrients, the root crop loses almost all its taste and useful components.

In a flowering plant, the tubers become bitter or generally tasteless. All the strength of the plant is spent on the formation of inflorescences, and the roots cannot gain the required mass.

As a result, summer residents do not have a single chance to harvest a good harvest, but only tough tails that are not intended for consumption.

Reasons for pulling a vegetable

The reasons for the formation of unwanted peduncles are violations of the agricultural technology of growing radishes. and mistakes made when sowing. The most common factor causing a plant to shoot is late planting. We wrote about planting radishes in spring in this article, and why it is best to do it in April, read here.

Planted in late May or June, radishes have long daylight hours. Due to excessive illumination, arrows and inflorescences appear.

Radish can go into the arrow for other reasons:

  • choice of unsuitable soil (the culture prefers light, soft, well-loosened soil, and cannot form high-quality fruits in heavy soil);
  • excessive application of organic fertilizers (they contribute to the active growth of not only arrows, but also lush foliage);
  • too close arrangement of plants (with dense planting, radishes lack moisture, light and nutrients in the soil);
  • insufficient watering (radishes produce juicy and tasty fruits with moderate, regular watering);
  • insufficient care (the formation of an earthen crust on the surface of the soil in the absence of loosening makes it difficult for oxygen to reach the root part, plant growth slows down).

Summer residents note that in some cases, poor-quality seeds are the cause of the formation of peduncles. Some varieties are not adapted to growing conditions in Siberia, and some in the Moscow region, therefore, instead of the expected high-quality harvest, a sea of ​​greenery and arrows appears.

What to do if the root crop goes to the arrow when growing

Growing radishes requires certain knowledge and skills. At first glance, it may seem that this is a capricious culture, but this is a misconception.

  1. Houses. If the radish growing at home on the windowsill is stretched out, you can try to save the situation. It is necessary to completely stop the application of organic fertilizers, and add wood ash to the soil. Read about the best fertilizers for radishes in a separate article.

    It is important to keep the humidity level constant and sufficient. If sand was added to the soil during planting, it is recommended to carefully remove the top layer and replace it with fertile soil. Read about growing radishes at home here.

  2. Outdoors. On the street in the open field, shooting is fought by eliminating the crust that forms on the soil surface.

    The vegetable does not like weathering of the soil, which is characteristic of many summer cottages, in contrast to indoor or greenhouse cultivation. When forming arrows, it is recommended to thin out the beds, in the future this will allow the plants to develop normally.

  3. In greenhouses. The most comfortable and most suitable conditions for growing radishes are created. But even there it is not always possible to avoid stemming. For example, with a lack of lighting in a polycarbonate or other structure, the roots become small, develop poorly and form arrows. Therefore, it is necessary to control:
    • lighting intensity and daylight hours;
    • temperature regime (when the thermometer rises above 21 degrees, the radish goes into the arrows);
    • optimal air humidity - from 70 to 75%;
    • soil moisture - within 70-72%.

    Learn about the features of growing vegetables in a greenhouse here.

    The soil in the greenhouse must be loosened regularly, the soil must always remain soft and loose. The technical ripeness of radish fruits is from 10 to 14 days, if the harvest is not harvested, the plant will grow into tall stems with the formation of flowers and seeds.

Preventive measures

To prevent shooting, it is important to follow the rules for caring for radishes. and provide her with comfortable growing conditions. First of all, you need to select for planting those varieties that are most adapted to growing in a particular climatic zone. To avoid flowering crops and deteriorating crop quality, you must:

  1. Sow seeds as soon as the soil warms up - in early to mid-April, no later than mid-May (at this time the length of daylight hours is optimal for the correct formation of root crops - 13-14 hours). You can find out how to process them before planting here.
  2. Sow radishes in calm, well-lit areas without shading.
  3. Cover the seeds up to a maximum of 2.5 cm into the ground.
  4. Provide regular but moderate watering.
  5. To fertilize the soil, it is better to use a complex of mineral additives instead of organic matter, to which the radish reacts by forming arrows. The crop prefers occasional loosening, but weeding too often tends to stimulate flowering and stem formation.

    In order to prevent shooting, when planting between rows, it is necessary to leave at least 10-12 cm and 4-5 between the plants themselves. To prevent the formation of an earthen crust, the soil surface can be mulched using humus or dry peat.

    Radishes are not a capricious or demanding garden crop, but they can react badly to unprofessional care. A good harvest can be obtained both on your own windowsill, and in the garden, and in the greenhouse, if you follow all the rules of agricultural technology.

Watch the video: HOW TO THIN DIRECT SEEDED CROPS (August 2022).