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Review of early varieties of beets, as well as features of their cultivation

Review of early varieties of beets, as well as features of their cultivation



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One of the vegetables revered by gardeners, indispensable in the human diet, is the well-known beet. It is believed that growing beets in country gardens does not require much effort and cost.

Subject to certain rules and settings, you can achieve high yields and excellent taste.

Today we will talk about the early varieties of this root crop, which have received a lot of attention lately. Take a look at the photo of each plant so as not to confuse it with one of the many other varieties.

What is this variety?

An early variety is a plant that can be harvested in a short time. On average, this is up to 110 days. Such varieties of beets are resistant to cold snaps., the collection begins from the fiftieth to the hundredth day. They are suitable for processing and fresh consumption, as they are stored for only a few months.

Features of growing in the open field

Early varieties are grown in all regions of Russia. A sowing site is chosen sunny, loamy or with clay soil. It is preferable to use the most fertile beds, because beets have a good appetite. She feels comfortable after onions, potatoes and cucumbers, but does not like carrots and cabbage. You can plant seedlings, but it is easier and faster to sow seeds.

Early varieties are not afraid of cold snaps, but it should be remembered that beets do not like freezing and sudden changes in air temperature... Therefore, it can be planted after the establishment of a frost-free period, when the soil warms up at least ten degrees.

Before sowing, the seeds should be soaked in warm water for a day. Beets need regular thinning, as they sprout in curtains. One plant should be left in the bunch, and the weeded sprout should be planted in the next bed.

Beets love moisture, water it until the root crop appears twice a week, then - once. After each irrigation, the soil is loosened. Watering is stopped 20 days before harvesting. This improves the palatability and increases the shelf life.

Early varieties need to be fed. For the entire cultivation time, it should be fertilized once every two weeks with a solution of nitrophoska, 1 tbsp each. spoon in 10 liters of water. Before harvesting, the plants are fed with sodium nitrate. In order to prevent all kinds of pests, the beds can be sprinkled with ash a couple of times.

Description

Stern

Fodder beets are considered a valuable crop, which has lacticidal properties. It is necessary to increase milk yield in cows, contributes to the growth of productivity and quality of offspring, and also saves the consumption of feed used in winter.

Sometimes fodder beets are passed off as a dining room. You can distinguish it by the large size of the root crop. It has a large amount of fiber, but it is inferior in taste to the dining room. Famous varieties of fodder beets.

Semi-sweet pink

It is resistant to diseases and has a long shelf life. Root vegetables contain sugar, protein, fat, fiber, vitamins. The tops are fed both fresh and ensiled, suitable for making herbal flour.

Root crops are conical, with a white skin and a pinkish head. The crop can be harvested in 100-110 days.

Centaur Poly

Differs in small size, the crop is harvested in the third month after plantingafter about 65 days.

The variety requires regular processing, as it is susceptible to various diseases and is vulnerable to pests.

Northern orange

The variety has a high yield.that is ready to be harvested after 100 days has a long shelf life. Both the tops and the root crop are used for fodder. The tops are consumed fresh, as silage, and also make herbal flour.

The root vegetable contains a huge amount of protein, fat and fiber, therefore it has a special nutritional value.

Eckendorf yellow

Mid-season (110-115 days) high-yielding variety. Cylindrical root crop, large size, yellow with a green head. The pulp is juicy, yellow.

The mass reaches 1 kilogram. Especially appreciated for stable yields, resistant to flowering, root crops have an even shape and have a high nutritional value.

Dining room

Table beets differ from their counterparts in high taste.... Small in size, nutritious, rich in vitamins. It is famous for its healing properties, prevents cancer. They use not only root vegetables, but also young tops, adding them to salads and other dishes.

Famous varieties of beetroot.

Detroit

Ripens 80-90 days after planting. Round, large, sweet, dark red. Stored for a long time.

Egyptian

Early maturing (fully ripens on day 85-120), high yield. Unpretentious.

The beets have a pleasant, sweet taste, the roots are neat, round, and dark red in color.

You can learn more about Egyptian flat beets, their cultivation and harvest storage here.

Boltardi

Ripening period from 75 days. Small in size, resistant to diseases and pests, but has a short shelf life.

Mulatto

Small roots of red color, easily tolerates cold weather.

It tastes sweet, has a rich vitamin composition, but needs regular treatment against diseases and parasites. Ripens on the hundredth day after planting.

Kestrel F1

A hybrid with a high sugar content and a pleasant taste. Not afraid of cold and pests, relatively unpretentious in care... Ripens from 90 to 100 days.

Sugar

Sugar beet is a root vegetable that contains a lot of sucrose (we talked about the sweetest varieties of this vegetable here). It is grown for sugar, and food waste is used for animal feed and fertilizers.

Early varieties of sugar beet.

Bohemia

This is a mid-ripening variety, the ripening period from planting to harvesting lasts about 100 days. The composition contains more than 20% sucrose.

It is necessary to water abundantly. If watering is sufficient, it can grow in light soil with minimal additional feeding.

Crystal

This variety was bred by Russian breeders., and therefore adapted to the climatic conditions of Russia. Ripens in two to three months. Stored for a long time. It is famous for its rich sweet taste and high starch content.

Florita

A very popular variety, it is resistant to cold and drought, has an increased immunity to disease.

The main disadvantage is vulnerability to most insect pests. Ripens in about 100 days.

The best varieties

In choosing the best variety of early beets, in addition to the purpose of its cultivation, the following indicators should be taken into account:

  • yield;
  • resistance to weather conditions and diseases;
  • storage duration.

For sugar beets, on these three points, Crystal is the best variety. Thanks to selection, it is protected from all threats from the weather and parasites and tastes good. If you need table beets, then you should pay attention to the varieties of Egyptian beets., Detroit and Kestrel F1. They will delight you with a rich harvest and a long shelf life, requiring minimal attention and costs.

For forage varieties, you should choose Semi-Sugar Pink and Northern Orange. These varieties are very nutritious, they will save feed consumption and have a beneficial effect on milk yield and offspring.

Due to its rich vitamin composition and high nutritional value, as well as a variety of varieties, sugar, table and fodder beets will never lose their popularity... Its benefits are obvious to the human body. Preventing the appearance of many diseases and supporting immunity, beets are becoming an essential part of our diet.


Watch the video: CROP FOCUS: Beet Greens (August 2022).