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Fire flowers in your garden: all about the beautiful hibiscus Fireball

Fire flowers in your garden: all about the beautiful hibiscus Fireball



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There are more than 200 types of hibiscus. Most of them are wild-growing. However, domesticated species provide the gardener with many different options for decorating their plot.

In this article, we will look at the Fireball hibiscus, which was nicknamed the flower of love for its splendor and beautiful appearance. We will learn how to propagate this plant, as well as how to properly care for it. You will also see a photo of the plant.

Botanical description

Hibiscus Fireball (Hibiscus herbaceous) is a perennial plant that is resistant to 30 degrees of frost, part of the Malvaceae family. Other plant names are hybrid or herb hibiscus (read more about planting and caring for herb hibiscus in this article).

Bred by breeding three North American hibiscus species:

  • red (Hibiscus coccineus);
  • pink (Hibiscus moscheutos);
  • holly (Hibiscus militaris).

Appearance

The plant has an erect, powerful trunk and can reach a height of 2.5 m. The foliage is not dense, due to the larger size of leaves and flowers. The foliage is a bit like the leaves of a sunflower.

Flowers come in a variety of shades from white to red. One flower can be up to 30 cm in diameter, which is about 2 palms. Usually has 5 petals overlapping each other. The plant blooms for a surprisingly long time given the fact that each blooming flower only blooms for one day. After flowering, the seeds remain in the capsules.

A photo

Here you can see a photo of the Fireball hibiscus.





History of origin

Hibiscus Fireball is thermophilic and partial to moisture. Introduced into culture by the Kiev Botanical Garden. Grishko in 1965. Academician Rusanov supervised the breeding in the botanical garden of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR.

Attempts were made to multiply the flowering time of the plant by selection by one of the employees of the botanical garden - V.G. Zhegoleva. However, she failed to achieve this.

Another fact is that most hybrid hibiscus plants do not form seeds. Therefore, you need to select parental pairs and include marsh hibiscus in the selection (learn how to grow marsh hibiscus here). The lack of seed reproduction does not interfere with the normal vegetative reproduction of these plants.

Habitat geography

A fireball is a plant that can be grown almost anywhere. and in any soil. Its ability to withstand frosts of 30 degrees is perfect for cold regions, and hibiscus also tolerates drought well, but stagnant water is bad for it.

Care

Even unpretentious plants have planting and care rules, they help to get a stronger and more beautiful plant.

  • Temperature. Although the flower can tolerate severe frosts, the optimum temperature for growth is 20-25 ºС.
  • Watering. He loves spraying with water, it is better to carry out the procedure in the morning or in the evening, when the sun is not very hot. It is carried out when the ground around is dry. If the weather is too hot, then you need to water once a day. It is recommended to add organic fertilizers to the water, and mineral fertilizers during the budding period.
  • Shine. This plant is light-loving, so it is recommended to plant it in a warm, well-lit area of ​​your garden. In the first days after transplanting, it is better to cover the plant from direct sunlight.
  • Priming. Any loose garden soil will do, but in order for the plant to grow more powerful and healthy, it is recommended to add rotted needles to the ground, mulch with straw. Grows poorly on calcareous soils.

    Attention! Mulching eliminates loosening of the soil after watering, which is very important, since its root system is very close to the surface.

  • Pruning. Pruning is carried out to shape the bush or to enhance branching.
    1. The instrument must be sharpened so as not to make torn cuts, disinfected.
    2. All old, weak, dead branches are removed.
    3. Shoots are cut above the bud.
    4. To shape the plant, you need to pinch the tops of young shoots.
  • Top dressing. Hibiscus responds well to feeding, especially during the growing season. During this period, it is fed with phosphorus and nitrogen fertilizers once every two weeks. To prepare for wintering, before the onset of cold weather, potash dressings are used.
  • Transfer. In the spring, it is carried out when the shoots grow up to 10 cm in height. If you transplant a taller flower, then it will take root for a long time.

    For transplant:

    1. A pit is prepared, larger in size than the root system of the plant.
    2. Make good, nutritious drainage.
    3. Broken brick is laid out on the bottom, sand - 10 cm, compost - 12 cm, and again 10 cm of sand.
    4. Place the root ball in the hole so that the root collar is slightly underground.

    The plant can be kept in one place for 3-4 years, then transplantation and division of the bush should be carried out.

Wintering

It is recommended to exclude potash fertilizers in the second half of summer. In the second decade of November, the bush stops flowering and begins to prepare for wintering. During this period, you should rake the plant and add sand under it. For wintering, the plant is cut off like a bush rose, leaving a little aboveground part and covered with spruce branches in 3 layers, tying and wrapping branches with burlap.

Landing

Hibiscus propagation is carried out in several ways:

  • Seeds.
  • Cuttings.

Seeds

This method is considered not the fastest., because if you plant seeds in open ground to a depth of 1-2 cm, the plant will begin to bloom only after 3-4 years.

However, there is another method of seed propagation, thanks to which the plant can bloom by the end of the current summer. To do this, you need to sow seeds in a greenhouse and germinate (for cultivation, a temperature of 25-27 ºC is required).

Instructions:

  1. Soak the seeds for about half a day in the Growth Promoter.
  2. Wrap the seeds in a wet, warm cloth and place them in a bag, remembering to periodically ventilate and moisturize them until sprouts appear.
  3. In a prepared glass with a mixture of peat and sand, plant the sprouts separately.
  4. Already small plants (having 2-3 leaves) are transplanted into a large pot.
  5. In the second decade of May, seedlings are planted in open ground, at a distance of 1 m.

Cuttings

In the summer, it is necessary to prune cuttings from the tops of new shoots.having 2-3 internodes. Rooting is carried out at a temperature of 22-25 C in a container with water or substrate. After about a month, the first roots will appear - a sign that the young plant can be transplanted into open soil.

Diseases and pests

  1. Most often, aphids, spider mites or whiteflies can attack the hibiscus Fireball. To help the flower use: aktara, aktofit, vermitek and other insecticides. A folk remedy is also used - a tincture of garlic peel with laundry soap.
  2. Hibiscus can be sick with leaf chlorosis - due to improper care, the leaves turn yellow and fall off. Treat with iron chelate solution.

Similar flowers

  • Marsh hibiscus.
  • Syrian hibiscus.
  • Arnotti hibiscus.
  • Magnolia.
  • Plumeria.

In this article, we looked at the basic rules for caring for a Fireball hibiscus. Let this flower be a wonderful decoration for your garden for a long time.


Watch the video: Prairie Yard u0026 Garden: Growing Hibiscus (August 2022).