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A spectacular and bright variety can be bred at home and outdoors. Abundantly flowering bushes decorate personal plots, flower beds, flower beds, are used as a hedge.
Combine with roses, coniferous shrubs, and other perennials. We will tell you about popular sub-varieties of chiffon (some translate the name of the plant in this way), such as Madgeta, White, Pink and others.
In addition, from this article you will learn how to plant such a plant, how to care for it and how to get rid of common diseases.
Botanical description and Latin name
Syrian hibiscus Chiffon (Hibiscus syriacus Chiffon) is a bred variety of the genus hibiscus of the Malvovye family. A synonym for the name of the variety is Syrian Chiffon. The flower is called the Syrian rose, katmeya. Deciduous shrub up to 2 - 3 m high. Crohn up to 1 - 1, 7 m in diameter. Stems are erect, upright, dense. The annual growth of shoots is 20 - 35 cm. The leaves are oval, serrated at the edges, three-lobed, dark green in color.
The variety is distinguished by large double and semi-double flowers of various shades. - pink, purple, white flowers with a variegated pattern on the petals. Flower diameter 10 - 12 cm. Flowering lasts all summer, until September. In fruits - capsules smooth seeds - seeds ripen. The root processes are branched.
History of origin and geography of habitation
Natural habitat - India, China. In Europe, the flower began to be planted in the 18th century. At the end of the 20th century. R. Woods, professor at the University of Cambridge, developed several varieties of Syrian hibiscus, combining them into the Chiffon series.
Plant subspecies are distinguished by large flowers and frost resistance. In the open field, the Syrian hibiscus Chiffon is grown in the Caucasus, Crimea, Moldova, Central Asia.
Differs in a compact dense crown... The height of an adult bush is up to 2 m, the width of the bush is 1 - 1.5 m. The stems are erect, gray-brown in color. The leaves are alternate, dark green. Terry flowers are large, up to 10 - 12 cm in diameter. The petals are pale pink. Blooms throughout the summer.
A tall bush reaches up to 3 m in height and up to 2 m in diameter. It blooms until mid-October with red flowers with a purple tint. Flowers 10 - 12 cm in diameter. Terry petals.
Deciduous shrub up to 2-3 m high. The diameter of an adult bush is 1.5 m. Can be grown as a standard tree. Leaves are oval, deep green in color, up to 10 cm in length. Blooms in early summer, flowering continues until early October. The flowers are large, 10 - 12 cm in diameter. The flowers are white with dark red rays on the petals at the core.
The bush grows up to 3 m in height, in width - up to 50 - 60 cm. The growth of shoots is average, 15 - 20 cm. The leaves are dark green, oblong, jagged at the edges. Long-lasting flowering begins in July. The flowers are large, double, white with a yellowish core. Flower diameter 10 cm.
Tall shrub. Shoot height - up to 4 m. Leaves are dense, ovate, dentate, three-lobed, rich green color. The flowers are large, five-petal, up to 10 cm in diameter. Coloring - pale lilac with a pink tint.
Planting and care in the open field
Next, let's talk about growing Syrian hibiscus outdoors.
He loves warmth, the optimum air temperature is 20 - 25 ° C. With abundant watering, it tolerates heat. Withstands temperatures down to -20 - 25 ° C in winter.
Water in the summer should be every other day, abundantly... Warm clean water is used for irrigation.
Important: To maintain a vibrant bloom, the soil must be constantly moist, but not soggy. Watering is reduced in autumn.
The lighting is bright, diffused. Direct rays can burn leaves. In the shade, the bushes do not bloom well, the stems are elongated. The optimal landing site is east and west.
It is necessary to plant the plant in a place protected from drafts and gusts of strong wind.
The soil for the plant should be loose, light, fertile, permeable. Soil composition:
- leaf land - 3 hours;
- sod land - 4 hours;
- sand - 1 tsp;
- humus - 1 tsp;
- drainage (crushed stone, expanded clay, ceramic fragments).
- In spring, old shoots are shortened by a third of their length.
- In autumn, bushes are thinned out - old stems are cut out at the base.
- When transplanting, weak and damaged shoots are cut off.
- The main trunk is not trimmed.
With the help of form-building pruning, it can be grown as a standard tree, creating a different crown shape in the form of a cube, a ball, a pyramid.
After pruning, it is necessary to mulch the topsoil with compost or peat to nourish and protect the root system.
In April, nitrogen fertilizing is introduced to stimulate the growth of young shoots. From June to early autumn, phosphorus fertilizers are required for the formation of buds. In late autumn, the bushes should be fed with potash fertilizers.
Balanced mineral complexes high in iron and magnesium are regularly used to support growth and prevent disease.
Fertilizers are applied once every 12-14 days... Liquid top dressing, applied through watering. Granules and powder are embedded in the soil, applied only after abundant watering. Organic fertilizers (humus, compost, peat) alternate with mineral fertilizers and are used as mulch to keep the soil warm and moist.
In temperate and cold climates, it is recommended to plant ready-made, strong nursery seedlings with a good root system. It is recommended to replant young bushes in spring. Rooting time - up to 1 - 1.5 months.
- a planting pit is being prepared (in accordance with the volume of the root);
- a plant is removed from the container along with an earthen lump;
- dry root processes are cut off;
- the bush is set in the hole, covered with soil;
- abundant watering;
- mulching the top layer.
Important: tubs and pots are taken out into the fresh air in spring, containers can be dug in the garden.
Shelter for mature plants is not required in warm climates. It is enough to cut off the bushes, mulch the soil with leaves, peat. Young seedlings are covered with coniferous spruce branches for the winter. At the beginning of winter, they are tied with burlap. In temperate latitudes, additional protection is required. Bushes are covered with coniferous branches, leaves, straw. With the onset of the first frosts, the plant is covered with agrofibre. In cold climatic conditions, plants are dug up for the winter, transplanted into temporary containers. The containers are moved to a well-lit place in the house until next spring.
The cover is removed gradually at a temperature of 12 - 14 ° C. Adaptation to the bright sun is necessary. The soil is cleared and loosened.
Seedlings are grown in a greenhouse... Seeds are preliminarily stratified (sowing is stored in the refrigerator for up to 3 weeks). Growing scheme:
- seeds are distributed in the container at a distance of 5 - 7 cm;
- sowing is sprinkled with a mixture of sand and peat, well moistened;
- the container is covered with a film;
- seedlings are daily ventilated, moistened;
- the light is bright, the air temperature is 25 - 27 ° C;
- when 2-3 leaves appear, the seedlings dive into separate containers;
- young bushes are planted in open ground for the next spring.
Cutting is recommended after spring pruning. Healthy adult shoot tips are selected.
Each cutting should have 2 - 3 internodes.
Rooting rules for cuttings:
- the lower leaves break off at the base of the cutting;
- the base is dried, processed with a growth stimulant;
- cuttings are placed in water or buried in a wet substrate;
- after 3 weeks, the cuttings are planted in separate pots;
- air temperature for rooting is 18 - 22 ° C, flowering is expected in a year.
Briefly about diseases and pests
- From overdrying of the soil and dry air, the buds dry out, the leaves turn yellow. Abundant watering is required.
- Roots rot from excess moisture and fertilizers.
- Chlorosis of leaves and fungal infections are treated with zircon, cytovitis.
- Treatment of bushes with phytoverm will save from aphids and spider mites.
- Terry calistegia (Siberian rose). Delicate pink lush flowers persist until late autumn.
- Mallow is pink. The height of the bush is up to 2 m. The leaves are serrated, the flowers are large, of various colors.
- Forest mallow "Moravia". The bush is medium-sized, up to 1.5 m. The flowers are deep pink with bright red rays on the petals.
- Forest mallow "Primley Blue". The leaves are serrated, green. The flowers are light purple, large.
- Stockrose pink "Chater's Double Icicle". Tall bush. The flowers are pale white, double.
Also on our website, in separate materials, we talked about the Syrian hibiscus Duke de Brabant - a charming tropical flower, about the decorative Blue Chiffon variety, as well as about decorating any flower bed - the Ardens hibiscus.
Observing the simple rules of caring for the unpretentious and hardy Syrian hibiscus Chiffon, you can expect a lush and bright flowering throughout the summer.