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Is the business of growing horseradish on an industrial scale profitable? Everything about this enterprise

Is the business of growing horseradish on an industrial scale profitable? Everything about this enterprise



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Horseradish has long been an important ingredient in homemade preserves. It is also used to make snacks. This is an unpretentious plant, but its cultivation has certain characteristics. This product is in demand among buyers. Therefore, it is quite possible to create a horseradish growing business in Russia. After reading this article, you will learn about the pros and cons of growing root crops for a business, the profitability of such an enterprise, the necessary investments and possible profits, as well as planting, growing horseradish and fighting pests and diseases.

The advantages and disadvantages of this business

Consider the advantages and disadvantages of growing root crops on an industrial scale.
Benefits:

  • fast return on investment;
  • small initial investment;
  • low labor intensity of production;
  • simple cultivation agrotechnics;
  • the presence of a "free niche" in this area in the agricultural market.

disadvantages:

  • there is not a very large demand for this product, although it is popular with people;
  • at the initial stage, it is difficult to find a reliable supplier of planting material;
  • the need to cultivate and fertilize the soil;
  • in the absence of wholesale buyers, sales difficulties may arise.

The profitability of such an enterprise

Root crop yield per hectare

On 1 km2, 4-6,000 plant bushes are grown, which, when harvested, makes it possible to obtain 20,000 kg of ready-made rhizomes.

Reference! Of the root crops obtained, 60% are of commercial quality (for food and medical use), the remaining 40% are used as planting material.

Calculations

Initial capital

For agricultural soil preparation with an area of ​​1 hectare, you need to spend 30,000 rubles. This includes plowing, harrowing, and preparing the soil directly for planting. Treatment of an area of ​​1 hectare with mineral fertilizers will amount to 16,000 rubles. Further tillage and harvesting will cost 45,000 rubles.

6 horseradish rhizomes (0.5 kg) are planted per 1 m2. The entire area will require 0.5 kg × 10000 = 5000 kg. The cost of 1 ton of horseradish planting material in 2018 averages 18,000 rubles... For planting on 1 hectare, you will need to purchase seed in the amount of 90,000 rubles.

Profit

The obtained 20,000 kg of horseradish per hectare can be sold for 360,000 rubles. Net profit minus expenses will be about 200,000 rubles per hectare.

The next year after the first harvest, you will not need to purchase planting material - you will be fully provided with your own.

Profitability

This type of business is profitable and pays off in the first year. Average profitability will be about 70%.

Is it profitable?

Growing horseradish for sale is a profitable venture that will allow you to recoup your investment after the first harvest. Sale is possible both to wholesale buyers and retail. Selling to wholesalers is preferable, as it will reduce transportation costs and speed up the process of selling products.

Growing business plan

Market analysis

In Russia, products containing horseradish are popular, however, there are no large monopolists in this area. Therefore, your company can occupy a free niche without facing serious competition. Basically, horseradish producers are individuals - entrepreneurs.

Total investment

The total investment may include:

  • costs of renting or buying land;
  • salaries for hired personnel;
  • fare;
  • expenses for the purchase or rental of agricultural machinery;
  • purchase of insecticides and fungicides.

Attention! In different regions of the Russian Federation, the prices for the listed categories are very different, therefore, in each region, the amount of costs can be radically different.

Choice of taxation system

The taxation system depends on the form of activity:

  1. Peasant farm - is subject to the unified agricultural tax (ESHN).
  2. Individual entrepreneur - simplified taxation system (STS).

The tax rate is the same for both forms of registration.

LLC may be taxed:

  • general taxation system (OSN);
  • simplified (USN);
  • unified tax on imputed income (UTII).

Check in

When registering, the classifier code OKVED 0112840 is used. When registering an agricultural enterprise, first of all, you need to register it in the manner prescribed by law. This will avoid violating the norms of the current legislation.

Procedure for registering an individual entrepreneur:

  1. Collection of a package of documents:
    • application for state registration of an individual as an individual entrepreneur (form No. Р21001);
    • copy of the passport;
    • receipt of payment of state duty.
  2. The state registration of an individual as an individual entrepreneur takes place at the tax authority at his place of residence, that is, at the place of registration indicated in the passport. If there is no place of registration in the passport, then the registration of the entrepreneur can be carried out with the tax authority at the place of actual residence.
  3. Transfer of documents to the tax office. They can be transferred in person or remotely.
    • Directly to the inspection - in person or through a representative by proxy.
    • It is also possible to draw up documents in a multifunctional center - in person or through a representative by proxy.
  4. Reception of documents at the tax authority.
  5. Receipt of documents on state registration by a person.
  6. If all the documentation is in order, after 3 workers, the USRIP record sheet is issued to the applicant.

Documents can be obtained in person or through a representative with a notarized power of attorney.

Attention! Your business must be registered, especially when growing products on an industrial scale.

If you are going to grow horseradish in large industrial volumes, then LLC will be the best form of business organization. Limited Liability Company - a business company established by one or more legal entities and / or individuals, the authorized capital of which is divided into shares.

The members of the company are not responsible for its obligations and bear the risk of lossesassociated with the activities of the company, within the value of their shares or shares in the authorized capital of the company.

For entrepreneurs who do not have a large amount of start-up investments, the most acceptable form of organizing production will be a peasant farm (PF) - up to 1 hectare of land. Also a convenient form is - an individual entrepreneur (IE).

Varieties: which one to choose and why?

Currently, the most common varieties are:

  • atlas;
  • valkovsky;
  • and tolpukhovsky.

They are most suitable for industrial cultivation, as they are hardy to adverse conditions, withstand drought. Also, these varieties are resistant to pests and diseases.

Atlant

It has a white root with a gray tint, on which there are a few tubercles and small peripheral roots. Milky white rhizome. The root is from twenty to fifty centimeters long. The diameter of the rhizome is five centimeters. This the variety is mid-season.

The growing season from planting to leaf death is about 130 days. Blooms in the second year after planting. This species is resistant to frost, heat and drought. Finished products are well kept. The weight of one root is up to 150 grams. Has a pleasant aroma and taste.

Valkovsky

It is a late-ripening variety. The length of the root reaches up to sixty centimeters. The root is cylindrical and has a yellow tint. The growing season from planting to leaf death lasts about 130 days. The mass of one root reaches up to 150 grams.

Tolpukhovsky

It is a late-ripening variety... Root weight reaches up to 250 grams. The growing season from planting to complete withering away of the leaves is up to 155 days.

Description of cultivated areas

  • Loamy and chernozem soils are well suited for growing horseradish. On light soils, it suffers from a lack of moisture and loses its pungent taste.
  • To grow this plant, the soil must have an acidity in the range of pH 6.0 - 6.5.
  • The soil before planting horseradish must be plowed or dug up, and also processed with harrows. In small farms, in the absence of harrows, a rake is used.

To grow this crop, you will have to purchase or lease a land plot.

Growing technology

Workers and necessary equipment

A large agricultural enterprise will require:

  • tractor with plow, harrows, cultivator;
  • irrigation systems.

For small farms:

  • shovel;
  • rake;
  • hoe;
  • irrigation equipment.

Attention! Before starting field work, you need to put all the equipment in order and check its availability.

Landing

  • Before planting, it is advisable to add organic (humus) or mineral fertilizers to the soil. It is better to use a complex mineral fertilizer, which consists of a mixture of phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen fertilizers, in proportions necessary for good crop growth (indicated in the instructions for use).
  • For planting, cuttings of horseradish rhizomes up to 20 cm long and one centimeter thick are used.
  • Landing is carried out according to the scheme:
    1. row spacing 70 cm, in a row the distance will be 35-40 cm;
    2. planting is carried out by placing the handle in the holes at an angle;
    3. after planting, the soil needs to be slightly compacted.

Landing time is April. It is desirable that the soil is moist.

Fuck doesn't like shading and needs sunshine.

We suggest you watch a video about planting horseradish:

Care

  • This crop is drought tolerant, but it is important to irrigate during dry periods.
  • It is necessary to ensure that the weeds do not shade or clog the plants; it is necessary to weed the beds.
  • It is advisable to remove flower shoots. To avoid plant depletion.
  • In July, you need to remove the side roots by digging the upper part of the plants. The roots are removed at a distance of 25 cm from the root. This is necessary for growing a thick and large root. After this procedure, the root is again buried with earth and watered.
  • For horseradish, it is enough to carry out spring pre-planting soil fertilization.

Diseases and pests

The main pests of horseradish crops:

  • wavy flea;
  • cabbage moth;
  • cabbage bug.

Major diseases:

  • horseradish ascochitis;
  • white rot;
  • verticillary wilting;
  • downy mildew.

It is necessary to regularly inspect crops and detect foci of infection. Then carry out the treatment of plants with fungicides and insecticides. If the disease was detected on time and an immediate fight against it was carried out, then the crops will be preserved without much damage to the plants.

Harvesting

Horseradish rhizomes are harvested in late October - early Novemberbefore the start of frost.

  1. First you need to cut off the leaves, after which the roots are dug out with a shovel.
  2. Excavated roots quickly lose their elasticity and presentation. Therefore, they must be immediately transferred to rooms with low temperatures, where they are stored in boxes.
  3. They must first be cleared of soil and sorted by purpose of use: marketable and planting rhizomes.

They also collect green leaves from horseradish, for the preparation of marinade in canned food. This should be done before the leaves begin to wilt (in August-September).

Sales of products

Sales possible to large trade organizations:

  • the shops;
  • supermarkets;
  • cafe chains;
  • as well as factories for the production of canned food.

You can also sell products to the market, where they are in demand among people, especially those who make home preserves.

What are the possible problems and how to solve them?

With a competent organization and applied efforts, this type of activity should not create any problems. Horseradish growing can be both an additional and a main activity.that will bring a decent profit.

Horseradish growing is a cost-effective and rewarding activity that you can even start on your own plot. In the presence of large planting areas, it can become your main business, or open the way to the creation of a large diversified agricultural enterprise.

We invite you to watch a video about horseradish growing as a business:


Watch the video: Mini Production Line (August 2022).