What is the glycemic index of radish? Benefits and harms, and how to use a vegetable for diabetes?

What is the glycemic index of radish? Benefits and harms, and how to use a vegetable for diabetes?

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A bright root vegetable with a slightly pungent taste, one of the first vegetables to appear on the shelves in the spring. A salad of young radish and fresh greens gives a tired body a new strength over the winter.

It relieves vitamin deficiency, cleanses the intestines of toxins accumulated during the winter, promotes weight loss and even helps in the treatment of certain diseases.

Many people suffering from diabetes ask themselves the question - can they eat radishes without fear, and if so, in what quantities and how often?

Why the question arises, is it possible to eat radishes for diabetics?

Some vegetables and fruits are prohibited for type 1 and type 2 it can cause dangerous spikes in blood sugar. At the same time, a vegetable diet is preferable for this disease, since fiber prevents too rapid flow of sugar into the bloodstream and improves the general condition of the body.

Reference! Vegetables saturate the body with vitamins and essential trace elements. If most fruits are banned for those suffering from diabetes, then with vegetables - in particular radishes - everything is much better. Radish with diabetes is not only possible to eat, but also necessary.

Can I use it?

Radishes are very rich in fiber, which aids in the breakdown of carbohydrates. Thanks to fiber, the blood glucose level does not rise too sharply. therefore it is recommended to introduce radish into the diet of people with diabetes mellitus.

In addition, this spring vegetable contains valuable vitamins and minerals and promotes weight loss. Overweight, unfortunately, is a concomitant problem in most people with this disease.

The main feature of radish is that it contains natural insulin, so the root vegetable has a very positive effect on the pancreas.

With type 1 disease

Radishes contain high amounts of vitamin C - 100 grams of a vegetable contains the daily dose for an adult. It contains vitamins B1, B2 and PP and a lot (for a vegetable) easily digestible protein. Radish contains calcium, magnesium, fluoride, salicylic acid and sodium. All this is extremely useful for patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

There are also sugars in radishes, but the root vegetable has a very low glycemic index (GI) - only 15. That is, the sugar in the vegetable is a complex carbohydrate, and diabetics can eat it without fear.

With type 2 disease

Radish is very rich in potassium salts, therefore it acts, among other things, as an excellent diuretic. This is a very important vegetable quality that enhances its benefits for people with type 2 diabetes. The indigestible fiber in the root vegetable promotes the slow absorption of carbohydrates, preventing surges in blood sugar.

Regular consumption of salads with radish has a very positive effect on the body. - natural insulin in radishes, fiber, which helps to reduce excess weight, dulling the feeling of hunger - are extremely positive for people with type 2 diabetes.

Folic acid in a vegetable ensures the proper functioning of the hematopoietic system, magnesium and sodium are responsible for well-being, the absence of migraines and high-quality oxygen supply to tissues. By switching to a healthy diet and increasing the amount of vegetables, including radishes, in the diet, you can greatly alleviate the patient's condition.

Is there a difference in the use of tops and roots?

Most people eat only the radish root itself, while discarding the tops. This is not recommended for diabetes. The fact is that radish leaves contain more nutrients than the root crop itself.

It contains vitamins A, C, K. In addition, the leaves of radish contain nicotinic, salicylic and ascorbic acids.

Radish tops are rich in phosphorus, potassium, calcium, sodium and magnesium. Trace elements have a beneficial effect on patients with diabetes mellitus, in particular, they have a very positive effect on the pancreas and the cardiovascular system.

In what form and how much vegetable can diabetics eat?

Nutritionists and doctors recommend radish root crops to be consumed mainly fresh - in salads, cold soups. So that there are no problems with the gastrointestinal tract - bloating, diarrhea, discomfort - a spring vegetable should be included in the menu carefully. The composition of root vegetable salads should contain no more than 30% of the total amount of the product, and you should not eat it more than twice a week, so as not to overload the intestines.

Radish leaves can not only be added to fresh salad, but also used to prepare vitamin spring soups from them. Boiled leaves have a beneficial effect on the intestines, promote the elimination of toxins, almost never cause allergic reactions, so they can be consumed during the season almost daily.

What are the benefits and harms?


The main benefit of eating radish for diabetes is its ability to slow down the breakdown of carbohydrates, preventing sudden surges in blood sugar. Vegetable radish diets:

  • help to reduce excess weight;
  • treat spring vitamin deficiency;
  • improve mood;
  • promote satiety without overeating, which is very important for diabetic patients.

Sodium in the composition of the root vegetable helps to improve kidney function, helps to cope with edema. Vitamin C boosts immunity.


The harm of the use of radish for diabetic patients can be only in the following cases:

  • Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in the acute stage. In this case, the fiber and mustard oils contained in the root vegetable can worsen the situation. If a patient with diabetes mellitus has a stomach ulcer or gastritis, you need to eat a little radish, no more than two medium-sized fruits per meal, and outside the stages of exacerbation.
  • Allergic reactions. In this case, you can replace the radish with young cabbage, paprika, and any herbs.
  • Diarrhea tendency - fiber in radishes can exacerbate the disease.
  • Thyroid disease. For any diseases of the thyroid gland, the use of radish is not recommended - it interferes with the absorption of iodine.

Root Salad Recipes

To enhance the beneficial effects of radish on the body of a person suffering from diabetes, you can combine the root vegetable with healthy vegetables and herbs, as well as light protein foods... What foods are best at helping you lose weight and stabilize your blood sugar? Here are a couple of recipes.

With the addition of arugula

Radish contains natural insulin, arugula increases the body's sensitivity to it and contains chlorophyll, which is very useful in this disease.

  • Arugula is a small bunch.
  • Radish - 2-3 medium-sized fruits.
  • Quail eggs - 3 pcs.
  • Vegetable oil - 1 tsp
  1. Rinse arugula and radish well, dry.

    At the root crop, cut off the crown and tail, discard - nitrates accumulate in them.

  2. Boil quail eggs.
  3. Cut the radish into slices, cut the arugula or tear it with your hands into small pieces.
  4. Peel the eggs, cut in half.
  5. Mix all ingredients, season with a small amount of vegetable oil.

Arugula and radish have a slight bitterness that makes the salad spice. Salting this dish is not necessary.

With young cabbage

  • Radish - 2-3 small fruits
  • Young spring cabbage - 100 gr.
  • Parsley, dill - 2 sprigs
  • Small cucumber - 1 pc.
  • Olive oil - 1 tsp
  1. Rinse cucumber, radish and greens, dry.
  2. Chop the cabbage, mash it with your hands.
  3. Cut the radish and cucumber into strips, finely chop the greens and crush with a knife to give juice.
  4. Mix all ingredients, season with oil, lightly salt.

Eat for lunch in the morning.

Thus, radish is an indispensable vegetable in the diet of people suffering from both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It not only helps to fight overweight, but also has a beneficial effect on the pancreas, saturates the body with vitamins and promotes the slow breakdown of carbohydrates.

Watch the video: What is the Glycemic Index? (June 2022).


  1. Daylon

    Matchless topic, very much it is pleasant to me))))

  2. Bralkis

    There is something in this and I like this idea, I completely agree with you.

  3. Reaves

    Do you consider insignificant?

  4. Ceolfrith

    Striking! Amazing!

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