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Gloxinia (Sinningia) - owes its double name to botanist and physician Peter Gloxin and scientist of the Botanical Garden of the University of Bonn Wilhelm Sinning.
This flower is unpretentious when grown and, like a fast-growing plant, soon pleases the eye of its owner with beautiful velvet flowers. Among the many breeding methods, we will consider cultivation with an apical cuttings.
In our article, we will look at ways of grafting gloxinia and how to properly carry out this procedure at home. You can also watch a useful video on this topic.
Having acquired this beautiful plant, you soon think about how to propagate it? This will not be very difficult if you know a few rules for breeding this flower.
There are several ways of reproduction of gloxinia: by seeds, rooting of a leaf cut, a tuber, sprouting of a peduncle and an apical cut. Wherein the most painstaking and difficult is the propagation of gloxinia by seeds.
Rules for cuttings at home
Cutting is one of the most common and easiest ways to propagate flowers. The method is based on the fact that when cutting the apical cutting and rooting it, it forms a new tuber, and the old tuber, in the absence of a growing point, gives new shoots. Also the advantage of this method is that the rooted plant can bloom in the same year.
Plant propagation by apical cuttings is used to rejuvenate the plant.if it is sick, stretched out or does not want to fall asleep. Because when the plant is already middle-aged (more than 2 years old), its tuber needs rest. In this case, we cut off the apical cutting, re-root it and reduce the watering of the mother plant. Thus, gloxinia will go into hibernation.
Attention: Indoor and greenhouse plants can be propagated by apical cuttings at any time of the year. However, gloxinia should be provided with an acceptable temperature of 20-25 ° C, as well as adequate lighting. If there are no such conditions, then it is better to propagate it in the spring or summer.
The stalk should be inspected for disease or damage.if none were found, carefully cut off. Cut strictly transversely directly under the knot, leaving 1.5-2 cm of the stem above the tuber, the lower leaves of the cutting must be removed. If your plant is in bloom, then you need to remove all flowers so that the plant has the strength to form a new tuber.
For planting, you can use plastic cups or small pots. Rooting is carried out in a substrate suitable for the plant. In particular, the one that is used for violets is suitable. A layer of drainage can be poured into the bottom of the cup / pot (about 2 cm if rooting in the ground). Polystyrene can be used as drainage.
Apical cuttings can be rooted in 2 ways: in soil or in water... Let's consider both methods.
For this method, we need a 100 g plastic cup, a transparent plastic bag and a disinfected blade.
- Cut off the apical stalk.
- If necessary, shorten, the petiole should remain 2-3 cm long.
- It is not necessary to remove a lot of leaves (however, when rooting in the soil, it is recommended to remove excess leaves to reduce moisture evaporation).
- Pour boiled water into a glass and lower the handle into it so that the water covers its lower part by about 2 cm.
- We create for him a mini-greenhouse, for this we put on top, on a glass, a plastic bag.
- We put the cutting in a warm and bright place.
- We periodically remove the bag to ventilate the cutting (every 2-3 days for several hours).
- After the roots appear, we plant the plant in the ground.
In the prevention of rotting of the cutting, activated carbon can be used.... To do this, put half a tablet in the water. Or you can powder the tip of the cutting with activated charcoal powder.
In the ground
To root gloxinia in the ground, in addition to a glass (preferably transparent), a bag and a blade, you will need crushed foam (as drainage) and light air-permeable soil.
A good option for rooting cuttings is to use a landless mixture.... To do this, you need to prepare crushed peat tablets (or just peat), perlite and vermiculite in a ratio of 3: 1: 1. In such a mixture, the formation and growth of roots will be faster.
- In a plastic cup, we make 3-4 drainage holes using a hot knitting needle.
- We fill the drainage to the bottom of the glass (1-2 cm).
- We fill the glass with soil, while not sealing it too much.
- In the center of the cup we make a shallow hole of 2-3 cm and insert the handle there.
- Lightly crush the soil around it and slightly moisten it with boiled water.
- We put on a bag on top and put the handle in a warm, lighted place.
- As with rooting in water, periodically ventilate gloxinia
Important: Do not place the handle in direct sunlight, gloxinia loves diffused light.
We recommend watching a video about the rooting of gloxinia cuttings in the grun:
What to do after?
We proceed to further actions when roots are visible through the walls of the cups, braiding an earthen ball, and the plant itself begins to grow. This will happen in about 3 weeks. Then, in order not to damage the root, the cutting can be transferred together with a lump of soil into a permanent pot with earth mixture (we talked about how to choose a container for gloxinia here, and in this article you will find tips for preparing soil for an indoor flower). Then it remains only to take good care of the plant as an adult.
If something went wrong
Sometimes such a problem occurs when planting material decays. This happens for the following reasons:
- You cannot press the cutting into the soil by force (for this we make depressions in the ground).
- Lack of light (light is a very important factor when growing gloxinia, do not forget about this, its daylight hours is 14 hours).
- Overheating (you cannot put plants in direct sunlight, gloxinia loves diffused light).
- Using dirty tools.
- Waterlogging of the soil and low air temperature (read about how to properly water gloxinia and whether it is necessary to fertilize the plant here).
To avoid any surprises, follow the instructions and create a favorable microclimate for your plant, and you will have a strong, healthy plant.
A flower can start to wither for several reasons.:
- Stands in direct sunlight.
- Due to non-use of the greenhouse (plastic bag).
- Root transplant damage (how to properly transplant gloxinia?).
Gloxinia, unfortunately, is also susceptible to various diseases. Photos of damaged plants and methods of their treatment can be found in a separate article.
Gloxinia is undoubtedly one of the most beloved houseplants by flower growers. Which can be multiplied in many ways. The propagation method by apical cuttings is the most common and uncomplicated. Let your flower delight you with beautiful flowering already in the same season, after grafting.