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Potatoes are a common crop of the tuber family. With proper cultivation, it will give a good harvest and replenish the bins for the whole winter.
Unlike many other crops, there is practically no point in feeding potatoes during the growing season. at this time, valuable substances will no longer be sufficiently absorbed. The main thing is to choose the right fertilizer for the root crop when planting.
However, enriched soil cannot be used continuously without replenishing important micronutrients. Year after year, cultivating his plot, the land is depleted and the summer resident has to maintain the yield by applying fertilizers.
Why fertilize potatoes?
The potato root system has roots similar to filaments, but the intensive growth of green vegetation and the formation of a large number of tubers requires top dressing.
Summer residents who prefer to do without additional growth stimulation can boast of only 3 buckets of potatoes from one planted, while those who use fertilizers receive a crop in a ratio of one to eight. Potatoes are a nightshade plant and love nutritious soils and feeding.
Review of products with step-by-step instructions for use
Potatoes are fertilized with organic and mineral additives. The plant gives its preference to organics: bird droppings, manure, as well as green manure.
Green manures have become widespread - these are plant species that contain many micronutrients that are essential for the growth of potatoes. Representatives of such live feedings are: stables, nettles, peas and legumes, rye, oats.
Organics includes everything that is most useful for the growth and formation of tubers... The plant easily assimilates them, and the soil becomes more fertile due to the formation of humus. When organic fertilizers decompose inside the soil, carbon dioxide is released, which is necessary for the splendor of the plants and the increase in tuberous ovaries. Consider what organic fertilizers are.
Ash is a unique product. You can add it directly to the wells, and also scatter it over the area after harvesting in the fall. Potatoes prefer to grow in soil with a pH not higher than 6.0, and ash promotes soil deoxidation and normalizes soil pH.
- In autumn, it is necessary to scatter 120-150 grams of ash per square meter into the soil with a predominance of clay, and then sprinkle it with earth. In the ground where there is more sand or on a peat area, it is better to scatter ash in the spring in the same amount.
- You can add 1-1.5 kg of ash directly to the bag of seed potatoes.
- Ash is introduced into the landing hole at the rate of 1-1.5 matchbox per hole and mixed with the soil.
- When hilling rows, you can add one box of wood ash under each bush.
One of the best feeding methods is chicken droppings.... The soil fertilized with droppings gives strength to the plant for growth, flowering, and the formation of ovaries.
Bird manure is a very concentrated fertilizer and, if overused, can burn out or harm the plant. But if used wisely, then it will help to grow a big harvest. Easily assimilated and enriches the soil for the future.
Rules for the use of bird droppings:
- Mix manure with organic substrate. It can be finely chopped straw or peat bog.
- Professional summer residents add such top dressing to the ground even in the fall, but it is possible even 1.5 months before planting.
- The introduced droppings start a brisk process of nitrogen excretion. If you add too much, then the plants will be too tall, but not productive.
Chicken manure contains a huge amount of phosphorites, potassium, nitrogen and calcium, so it is important to observe the dosage.
Foliar top dressing
You can stimulate and feed your crop through the leaves.... Scientists have proven that a plant produces a much larger amount of useful elements with its leaves than its roots. With this treatment, magnesium is very well absorbed through the foliage, as well as nitrogen and sulfur.
It is recommended to spray foliage through a spray gun in the morning and in the evening. In extreme heat, work will go down the drain, as the fertilizer will evaporate. Do not overfill foliage. Follow directions for supplements. With foliar fertilization, it is necessary to take into account the influence of a significant number of factors that can either increase its efficiency, or sharply reduce its positive effect on increasing yields and product quality.
The increased content of humic compounds makes feeding effective... This stimulant will improve the assimilation of all added additives by potatoes, as well as trace elements contained in the soil.
Giant is a hybrid of organic matter with the addition of macro- and microelements useful for color, growth and tuberization. It is dispensed in granules and lasts longer than conventional additives.
The main substances are not susceptible to leaching from the soil, which makes it possible for the plant to receive all the essentials throughout the entire life cycle. The giant does not contain corrosive elements and is completely environmentally friendly.
How to use to recharge the earth?
Before sowing potatoes, the granules are scattered over the site at the rate of 120 grams per square meter and dug up the soil.
When the seed potatoes have already been planted, you need to water it thoroughly so that the giant is activated and begins to give the plant nutrient particles. In the fall, they do the same. Scatter the granulated groundbait over the area and dig it up.
- For sowing... A little is poured into the hole, about a box of matches, granules, mixed with earth and potatoes are put.
- Diluting with water... About 60 grams are poured into a 12-liter bucket of water and insisted for several hours, after which the already planted tubers are soaked and watered.
This type of fertilizer is a concentrated additive that is applied either just before planting or during the process. When adding mineral fertilizers to the planting hole, organic fertilizers are often mixed or a little peat bog mixed with straw is added. Tuberous plants need not only nutrition, but also protection from various diseases. Mineral concentrates solve both problems.
It is necessary to take into account the types of soil to which the additive will be applied.... If it is fertile and not depleted, then the mineral concentrate can harm plants and reduce yields. The following are very popular among gardeners:
- ammonium nitrate (about one kilo per hundred square meters in spring);
- potassium sulfate (1.5-2 kilograms per hundred square meters);
- double superphosphate (one kilo per hundred square meters).
What preparations should be applied when planting in spring for a good harvest?
The root system of tuberous plant species is located in the upper layers of the soil, so in the spring it is best to feed the planting hole.
Read about when and how to fertilize the soil for potatoes correctly here, and how to fertilize potatoes during and after planting is described here.
Gardeners prefer organic supplements or combine them with minerals... Organics have everything they need to feed the plant. The process of decomposition into trace elements continues underground for a long time, which provides abundant release of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. The giant granules have proven themselves well.
What is the best way to fertilize the soil after planting?
When the plant has taken root and gave the first green shoots, it becomes very vulnerable and requires fertilization. Potatoes need to be saturated with useful elements before the tubers ripen. What means is it better to feed her?
The first feeding should be organic. Slurry or bird manure is suitable for this. Litter is a concentrated product and can burn a young plant... To avoid this, aqueous solutions are prepared.
- chicken droppings or manure (2 parts);
- water (30 parts).
Organic matter is poured with water for two days. Watering plants under the root with such a solution should only be done on wet soil. For each bush, 0.7-1 liter of solution is used.
When buds have formed on the bushes, you can re-fertilize... A good fertilizer will be a mixture of potassium sulfate ash (4 tablespoons of wood ash and 1.5 teaspoons of sulfate). This mixture is scattered over one running meter.
Fertilizers work great if you put them in the hole when planting potatoes. Experienced gardeners are sure that it is useless to feed the bushes during the growing season: nutrients will not be absorbed in sufficient quantities.
During the flowering period, 1.5 tablespoons of superphosphate are scattered per linear meter. Each fertilization is done after rain or watering the plant.
You can find out about the best way to fertilize potatoes when planting in a hole and after that.
Potatoes abundantly draws out all useful elements from the ground... It is necessary to replenish land reserves with the help of fertilizers. Observing the rules of feeding potatoes and enriching your plot with minerals, you can delight yourself with excellent harvests and numerous potato dishes.
We offer you to watch a video on what fertilizers you need to use for potatoes and how to do it correctly: