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Cabbage is an everyday and commonly used product. It is easy to digest and can be used to make many delicious dishes.
Red cabbage differs from white cabbage not only in blue-violet color, but also in chemical composition. It contains more vitamin C and protein, and is also better preserved for a long time without losing its beneficial properties.
Among the various species of this family, the redhead occupies a special place. It is a source of energy and strengthening of human health, an affordable remedy for many diseases. What is the difference between red cabbage and its "sister" - white cabbage?
Definition and Brief Botanical Description
Red cabbage is a type of cruciferous vegetable. The life cycle is one to two years.
The leaves of red cabbage varieties are large, arranged in the next order... The seeds are small, and it is difficult to identify different varieties of vegetables from them. The roots consist of a main vertical shaft and lateral branches growing horizontally.
The root stem is short. The part of it that goes inside is called the stump. The large component forms the roots. Red cabbage is a biennial cross-pollinated vegetable. In the first year, a head is formed, and in the second, seeds are formed. The color of both small inner and outer leaves is violet with a light blue or dark red tint. A special color is an individual feature of each variety (you can find out about the characteristics of red cabbage varieties, as well as which one is the best, here). It depends on the amount of a substance that is unique in its nature - anthocyanin.
The fruits are round, sometimes in the form of an oval or cone. Good density allows for a weight of 1 to 3 kilograms. The short stem stem has a strong root system. Fruit length is about 12 centimeters. Seeds are small, round, dark brown, brown in color.
White cabbage - two-year-old with large thick leaves at the base and branched roots... The stem grows straight. Basal leaves at the bottom form a dense rosette. Outside of them under the influence of sunlight from the outside acquire a green color. The inner leaves are not getting the right amount of light. In the second year, the stump takes the form of a cylinder.
When it is planted, flowers appear in the soil, consisting of four inflorescences of white or yellow color. A brush with seeds is formed from them. The pod is up to 10 centimeters long and gives small round seeds of yellow - brown or brown color.
What are the differences?
By chemical composition
Red cabbage is an excellent product for a gentle balanced diet... It is recommended for people with obesity, with diseases of the cardiovascular system and gastrointestinal tract. 100 grams of the product contains only 26 kcal. The share of proteins is 0.8 grams, carbohydrates 7.6, fats 0.2.
100 grams contains:
- vitamin K - 124% of the daily value;
- C - 67%;
- В1 and В2 - 3%;
- B3 - 6%;
- B6 - 12%;
- silicon - 93%;
- potassium - 12%;
- manganese - 13%;
- calcium - 5%;
- magnesium - 4%;
- sulfur - 7%;
- phosphorus - 5%;
- glucose - 12%;
- fiber - 10%.
Red cabbage juice is effective for the treatment of gastric ulcer, fiber helps to eliminate unnecessary substances. The rich composition of vitamins and minerals provides many benefits.
Compared to white cabbage, it has a double norm of vitamin C, and it contains 4 times more carotene.
Anthocyanin strengthens blood vessels, prevents the penetration of harmful radioactive elements. The phytoncides and enzymes included in white cabbage allow you to fight tuberculosis, bronchitis.
Eating food helps reduce blood pressure, normalizes weight. White cabbage contains a lot of various valuable vitamins and minerals. 100 grams contains:
- 28 kcal;
- 1.8 grams of protein;
- 4.7 carbohydrates;
- 0.2 fat.
It is famous for its virtues and wonderful qualities, containing a large number of various nutritional components. The benefits of a red-headed vegetable are undeniable. Suffice it to say that it contains more vitamin C than citrus fruits. The product is successfully used in the prevention of cancer.
White cabbage is harvested in dry weather... The fruits must be whole, intact, healthy, clean from excess contamination. During storage, they are laid with a stump upwards in loose rows. Ensure good air permeability between the rows of vegetables.
This will ensure maximum storage time. Keeps well at temperatures from 0 to 1 degrees C and humidity of 90–95%.
If all requirements are met, white cabbage can be stored for 3 to 6 months. Redhead accumulates a lot of valuable things, is resistant to pests, and therefore withstands longer storage periods.
This period, depending on the variety, region of cultivation, care, can take more than 6 months. You can store in vegetable stores, basements, cellars, refrigerators. There are no particular difficulties in this.
Red cabbage is most often used to prepare various salads.... Fresh consumption is especially beneficial for the health of children and adults.
For people with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, it is recommended to include stewed cabbage in their diet. When raw, you can start with small portions.
It is no less useful to stew and marinate the product. Usually red cabbage in stores is more expensive than white cabbage... The reasons for these prices are explained by the following points:
- due to long ripening times, more care is required;
- the substance anthocyanin paints the leaves in a beautiful rich color, adds new taste, has a beneficial effect on improving the composition of the blood;
- the vegetable has medicinal properties.
In the peculiarities of cultivation
Red cabbage is cold resistant... Has a high density, less susceptible to disease. The growth and maturation period is longer and is about 160 days. Seedlings are planted in open ground at the end of May. The sprouts are distributed closer to each other.
The distance between the bushes should be 25-30 centimeters, and between the rows of plants 45. The rest of the method of care is almost the same. White-headed is grown in two ways - by seeds and seedlings. Seedlings are planted on prepared beds at the end of May.
You must add to the holes:
Young plants require frequent watering... During this period, the formation of a rosette occurs. The fruits love abundant watering.
With a lack of water, the leaves appear kinks and an unwanted silvery bloom. Leaves in the lower part must be removed in a timely manner, in this case, the flow of substances into the head of cabbage increases. Loosening and hilling are required.
What to choose and when?
For fresh use, it is better to choose red cabbage, since it contains a considerable number of links that ensure the normal functioning of internal organs and systems (read about the benefits of red cabbage and whether harm from its use is possible here). It is preferable for second courses and preparations for the winter.
White cabbage is more suitable for your favorite first courses - cabbage soup, borscht, hodgepodge. Softer leaves are successfully used for stuffed cabbage. Sauerkraut is tasty and healthy... You can eat cabbage throughout the year. It is better to select the necessary varieties for pickling and pickling in the fall.
For a varied and nutritious diet, you must use this wonderful vegetable. To replenish your knowledge of healthy food, you need to study all its positive properties. A competent approach to organizing a reasonable and effective lifestyle will help not only maintain health, but also prolong youth.