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Review of late blight-resistant tomato varieties for greenhouses and open ground

Review of late blight-resistant tomato varieties for greenhouses and open ground


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Late blight is a disease that is very dangerous for nightshades and can completely ruin the entire tomato crop. The fight against late blight has been going on for many years, just exactly as long as a person cultivates this culture.

Agricultural technicians and breeders are constantly working to find ways to get rid of this fungal disease forever. There are many not only chemical ways to combat this microscopic fungus, but also folk remedies. As a result of selection, varieties resistant to late blight appeared. We will tell you which tomatoes do not get late blight, show a photo with the names of the seeds of the best varieties for Bashkiria, the Moscow region, the Leningrad region.

The danger of late blight

Phytophthora affects the leaves, fruits of plants of the Solanaceae family, brown spots appear on them. The fungus infects all plants very quickly under favorable conditions.

As for the fruit of a tomato, when it is affected by late blight, a gray seal appears on it, which eventually spreads to the entire fruit strongly, deforming it, while the smell of the tomato becomes unpleasant, putrid.

Attention! It is very difficult to determine the appearance of a fungus on a plant at the first stage. Take a close look at the inside of the tomato leaves and if there is a gray powdery bloom on it, then it's time to start the fight.

The danger of phytophthora for any plant is that the spores are very tenacious and quickly adapt to chemicals. As a result, it may happen that none of the drugs will help in the fight against the disease, and the crop completely dies.

Phytophthora spores can be stored in the ground, in a greenhouse structure, in garden tools. Disputes can start to grow and develop rapidly when:

  • lowering temperatures in summer;
  • poor ventilation of plants;
  • high humidity;
  • applying a large amount of nitrogen as fertilizer;
  • excessive watering.

Tomatoes that do not suffer from this disease - true or myth?

It should be said right away that there is no culture that is completely resistant to gray rot. But there are hybrids that are obtained by selection and have maximum resistance to late blight.

Besides if you plant early varieties of tomatoes, you can avoid infection with the fungusas it develops in warm, humid conditions that begin in late July. Therefore, it is better to choose varieties that quickly and amicably yield the harvest before this time.

Consider what types of tomatoes are ways to successfully resist the disease.

Photos and descriptions of sub-varieties that are not susceptible to disease

For Bashkiria

The climate in Bashkiria is quite mild, therefore, to grow a high-quality tomato crop, it is enough to choose early-ripening, high-yield tomato varieties.

Agatha

Tomato early ripe fruit ripeness occurs in 100 days, after the dive of the seedlings. Bushes are small, only 45 cm in height, not standard. You can get up to 4 kg of tomatoes from one plant. This variety can be called the best tomato for the climate of Bashkiria. The culture is universal, suitable for fresh consumption and in preparations.

White filling

An early, cold-resistant, non-standard tomato variety, excellent for growing in the open field of Bashkiria. Low-growing bushes grow no more than half a meter. The variety does not need to be tied up and pinned... Fruit weight reaches 130 grams, they are resistant to cracking. Average yield 3 kg per bush.

Siberian early maturing

If this variety is planted in open ground, then the bush will not grow more than 45 cm, in a greenhouse - a meter. Small tomatoes 110 g. The variety gives off the harvest in unison, while it is universal. Differs in excellent taste.

For Moscow region

As you know, the weather conditions in each region differ significantly from each other. Consider tomato varieties that are recommended by agricultural techniques for cultivation in the Moscow region.

Betta

Standard, determinant, undersized view... High-yielding that does not require the formation of a bush. Fruits are small, only 60 g. The variety yields quickly, the fruits ripen by the end of July.

Rich Khata

The height of the bush is only 45 cm. Early ripening, fruitful variety, which showed itself well in agricultural technology in the open field.

Lady fingers

An early ripe variety that is well suited for fresh and canned consumption. Fruit weight - 70 g, tasty and aromatic. The harvest ripens amicably.

For the Leningrad region

Leningrad region with a difficult climate - summers are cold, short and damp.

High humidity and lack of sunlight are favorable conditions for the development of late blight.

Breeders have developed special varietiesadapted to these weather conditions.

The main characteristics for tomatoes grown under these conditions:

  • resistance to insufficient lighting;
  • early maturity;
  • resistance to temperature extremes;
  • resistance to late blight and other diseases that the culture is susceptible to.

The following varieties have such properties and characteristics.

Northern beauty

This tomato grows superbly both under the film and in the open field. Indeterminate, requiring the formation of a bush and a garter. The fruit weighs up to 120 g and tastes great. The variety is resistant to temperature extremes, and to many diseases, including late blight.

Nevsky

Ultra-early ripening variety, undersized, with a compact bush... The harvest begins to ripen 85 days after the first shoots appear. The weight of an average fruit reaches 100 g - they are round and bright red. The tomato does not need pinching and garter.

For open ground

Cardinal

Tall tomato, with a bush height of up to 2 meters. The variety is early maturing, and you can harvest it 80 days after planting. Bright crimson fruits can reach up to 800 g.

Japanese creeping

A small bush 30 cm tall. The planting scheme is 70x40, since the variety has a spreading bush. A high-yielding variety with a fruit weight of up to 200 grams. The bush does not need to be shaped and tied. The fruits have excellent taste, are well stored and transported. This the variety can be grown even on a windowsill.

Betta

An early ripe, medium-yielding variety, only 85 days pass from germination to fruit emergence. The bush is small up to half a meter high. Fruit weight up to 70 g grows well on the windowsill, in greenhouses, and in the open field.

Rich Khata

The culture is undersized, not requiring pinching and garters. The harvest ripens on day 95, each fruit weighs 100-120 g. Tomatoes are frost-resistant and can withstand temperatures down to -4 degrees. Fruits are tasty, crack-resistant. The plant's immunity allows it to resist late blight and other diseases.

Darling of fate

Early ripe tomato, the harvest is obtained 90-100 days after the appearance of the first shoots. A bush up to a meter high requires formation and garter... The fruit weighs up to 220 g, is well stored, tolerates transportation and has an excellent taste.

Anyuta

This is the result of the work of domestic breeders, an early maturing variety resistant to late blight. The growing season is 85 days. The variety is capable of producing two harvests per season. Bushes 60-70 cm high, does not require a garter, since the powerful stem perfectly holds branches with a large number of fruits. But some gardeners advise tying branches with tomatoes and pinching, for the formation of fruits up to 120 g, the tomato is well stored and transported.

Pepper-shaped

Mid-ripening culture - fruits begin to ripen 100 days after germination. The name of the tomato speaks for itself, the fruits are similar to bell peppers.

The growth of this tomato is unlimited, therefore the formation of a bush and a garter. The crop yield is very high, with proper care, up to 30 kg of fruits can be obtained from one plant.

Little Prince

A culture with small, round fruits, ripening 90 days after picking.

Academician Sakharov

The variety is tall and mid-season. Resistant to many fungal diseases. Fruit weight reaches 300 g.

Gnome

Tomato tolerates agricultural technology well in the open field... Determinate and early maturing. Fruits are small, round, weighing up to 60 g. The bush is small, half a meter high. The variety is resistant to late blight.

Tomatoes should not be planted next to potatoes, as late blight multiplies quickly on this plant and can infect tomatoes.

Tsar Peter

A productive variety with a bush height up to 50 cm... fruits weighing 120 g have excellent taste and aroma. Tomatoes are used both for preservation and for preparing various dishes.

The variety has an average yield, from one bush with proper care it is possible to get up to 3-4 kg of fruits. The dense skin prevents cracking, the tomato is well stored and tolerates transportation.

Union 8

It is a versatile tomato variety that can be eaten fresh or canned. The bushes are compact, capable of producing up to 20 kg of fruit from each. The variety is resistant to late blight, well stored and transported... It is possible to grow a crop both in the open and in protected ground.

Lark F1

A determinant, ultra-early ripening variety, already 80 days after planting seedlings in the ground, you can enjoy delicious fruits. The variety is resistant to adverse weather conditions and grows up to 85 cm in height.

From one square meter, you can get up to 15 kg of fruit. The plant is resistant to fungal diseases, requires garter and pinching.

Oak

Compact, undersized plant. The bush reaches 60 cm. Ultra-ripe culture, 75 days after planting the first fruits appear... Tomato weight up to 100 g, with excellent aroma and taste. Culture is universal in every sense. Grows well both in protected and open ground.

Resonance

The height of the bush of this tomato variety reaches 1.2 meters. Early ripe, already on the 100th day, you can remove the first fruits. Fruits weighing up to 300 g, round shape with excellent taste and aroma. The variety is drought tolerant. Well stored and transported.

Gratifying

Excellent variety for outdoor cultivation, as the growing season is only 90 days. The variety is very simple in agricultural technology., does not require garter and pinching.

Tomato is resistant to late blight and other diseases, which contributes to the collection of a larger crop. Fruits are small, up to 45 grams, of an attractive oval shape. The fruits are red in color and have a universal purpose. Suitable for salads and canning.

Apple tree of Russia

Medium early tomato variety. The growing season is 135 days. A meter high bush, requires pinching and garter.

Solar

An early ripe tomato with a small bush and miniature fruits. It does not require special care, the bush does not need to be shaped and tied up. The yield is very high, but the fruits are of average taste.... Gives the harvest quickly, is stored for a long time and is well transported.

Snowstorm

An excellent hybrid for outdoor cultivation. The bush is small, strong, does not require a garter, 60 cm high. An early maturing variety with a growing season of 100 days. Tomatoes are not large, weighing from 60 grams.

Carotene

Late blight-resistant tomato. Grows well indoors and outdoors. This the variety is universal and valuable because ripe fruits contain beta-carotene... The height of the bush is 60 cm. The cylindrical shape of the fruit is only 70 grams in weight.

Lazy

Early ripening, high-yielding tomato. From one bush of this unpretentious variety, you can get up to 7 kg of ripe, tasty tomatoes per season. They are used in preparations, in salads, in the preparation of sauces and pastes.

Late blight is a disease caused by late blight fungus. Humid environment and warmth - actively help bacteria multiply. How to protect tomatoes and by what means to process tomatoes - read on our Internet portal.

Conclusion

As we have already found out, there is no guarantee that tomatoes will not fall ill with late blight. But there are tomatoes with early and ultra-early ripening varieties that give off the crop before the disease begins to progress.

On a plot in the open field, it is better to grow undersized tomatoes, they not only tolerate temperature changes and adverse weather conditions, but also do not require special care.

For greenhouses, you can also choose tall varieties, with an early growing season. In order to exclude the development of late blight, you need to use preventive measures: spraying with folk remedies and chemicals, constant airing of the greenhouse.


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