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Almost all gardening lovers necessarily grow this irreplaceable and very useful vegetable on their plots. Most of them prefer late varieties - winter cabbage.
After all, it is perfectly stored and is just suitable for a variety of pickling and pickling. Winter varieties do not suffer in any way from the first autumn frosts and are not even afraid of the first snow.
In this article we will tell you about the features of Amager winter cabbage and the purposes of its use. We also recommend watching a useful video.
- Botanical description - Amager cabbage belongs to late-ripening varieties, heads of cabbage grow large, very dense, weighing from 2.5 to 4 kg. Great for long-term storage.
- Appearance - outwardly, these are large heads of cabbage, the diameter varies from 70 to 110 cm, they grow rather high above the soil. They have a rounded and slightly flattened shape; leaves are wide, wavy along the edge, gray-green with a waxy bloom. Their surface is smooth.
- A brief history of breeding - biologists have been breeding this variety for almost 20 years, starting in 1927. The result (cabbage variety Amager) was obtained by sampling methods from a Swedish sample; it was zoned in 1943.
The distinctive features of Amager cabbage include:
- large size of heads of cabbage;
- very dense structure;
- rounded - flattened head shape;
- resistance to cracking;
- high need for abundant watering;
- long shelf life, while its taste only improves.
Watch a video about the features of Amager cabbage:
Advantages and disadvantages
Like any variety, Amager cabbage also has its advantages and disadvantages... Of the big advantages are:
- The main advantage of this cabbage variety is that it has a very excellent keeping quality, its forks are reliably stored all winter and spring.
- Amager calmly survives late frosts (seedlings are not damaged) up to 5 degrees below zero.
- This variety is not susceptible to cracking even during prolonged rains.
- A consistently high yield is guaranteed.
- The forks ripen evenly, which makes them easy to remove with a technique.
- Does not deform during long-term transportation.
IMPORTANT: The main disadvantages of Amager cabbage: prone to black rot disease, does not withstand a long time without watering and does not tolerate hot weather (stops growing).
Of course, there is a very large number of late varieties of cabbage, among them there are several that are similar in their qualities to the Amager variety.
- «Moscow late"- an old variety, bred in 1937, also has a high frost resistance. Heads of cabbage grow large (up to 5 kg), very dense, have good keeping quality. Well suited for fermentation.
- «Valentine F1"- a new popular variety, one of the latest. The leaves of this variety are very juicy, sweet taste (no bitterness). The forks grow up to 4 kg in weight, dense. Can be stored until mid-summer.
- «Extra F1"- this late-ripening hybrid variety is resistant to various diseases. The size of the forks is not as large as that of Amager (up to 2.8 kg), but they are also stored for a very long time - until the end of spring (which species are better stored in winter?).
How to distinguish from others?
Among many other late varieties, Amager stands out for some, inherent only to her, differences. Let's see how you can distinguish it from others:
- First of all, we inspect the head of cabbage - its shape should be round, but slightly flattened, large in size.
- We look at the color of the leaves - they should be gray - green (bluish - green) in color with an obligatory waxy bloom (other varieties do not have such a bloom).
- We check the shape of the leaves - they are semi-concave, wide, slightly wavy, only a close examination along the edge can be seen small teeth. The leaves should not have any wrinkles, they are absolutely smooth.
- We examine the outer stump - its size should be approximately within 20 - 25 cm.
- Further, the head of cabbage can be cut - when cut it becomes clear - loose forks or dense, in the Amager variety it is very dense. It is also important to check the color - inside, when cut, the color should be snow-white.
Purpose of use
One can definitely say about Amager cabbage - the longer it is stored, the better its taste.... The bitterness that is present in the leaves immediately after harvesting disappears after a month and a half, leaving only a pure pleasant taste and juiciness increases. Cabbage just has to "lie down" - to ripen. Naturally, it is actively used for preparing fresh dishes, since it is stored perfectly until the end of spring.
ATTENTION: As you know, it is the late varieties that are ideal for pickling and pickling, because by the middle of autumn (by the time of harvest) they accumulate the largest amount of nutrients and vitamins.
- Pickling - in this version of the blanks, the preservative is lactic acid, which is obtained naturally as a fermentation product. And the fermentation process itself occurs thanks to the sugars that are in cabbage, as a result, we feel only the pure taste of the product - this is very useful.
Sour cabbage is best done in small oak barrels or in enamel buckets. It should be stored at a temperature of 4 - 5 degrees Celsius.
- Salting - due to the addition of salt, the process of reproduction of unnecessary bacteria is blocked. Salted cabbage is also incredibly useful, especially during various epidemics (flu or SARS), it strengthens the immune system very well.
What are the best varieties of cabbage for storing, growing and cooking, read here.
Amager cabbage is definitely a very famous and popular variety for a very long time. This cabbage is loved and respected for a rich and high-quality harvest, it does not create difficulties in care. Therefore, its seeds are gladly purchased by both large farms for growing on an industrial scale, and inexperienced gardeners, owners of small household plots.