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The dust mite has been around for a very long time. In 1964, British scientists found mites (Pyroglyphidae, species Dermatophagoides pteronyssnus) in the dust removed from various houses. The concentrated dust in which the mites lived caused allergic reactions.
It turned out that the real cause of such an allergy is not dust, but a dust mite. At the moment, more than 100 species of dust mites are known that live in our apartments. Dust mites are small insects, 0.1 - 0.20 mm in size, depending on age. They can only be seen at 30-40 times magnification. In the article, we will consider how to destroy this insect at home.
What are these insects?
Directly, the tick is safe for humans. It does not bite, does not suck blood, does not spoil food and does not tolerate infectious and viruses, unlike rodents and flies, does not spread parasite eggs. The decay products of their vital functions are not toxic.
Once in the air, these particles do not settle for a long time (due to their light weight), but when they breathe, they enter the lungs, which poses a danger to asthma or allergy sufferers. The lifespan of a domestic tick is 4 months. During its lifetime, it produces 250 times more excrement than it weighs itself.
Why are they dangerous to humans?
Allergenic agents that the tick spreads, penetrate the human body, provoke an allergic reaction: antibodies are produced, substances "intermediaries" are synthesized, the main of which is histamine, etc. The process does not occur in all people, but only in genetically predisposed ones. If you and your family members are not allergic, then you have nothing to fear.
Where do they usually live in an apartment?
The main habitat is bed. Why is that? Because thanks to the "owners" the most favorable conditions have been created for them there. Dust mites feed on fallen epithelial particles. A person can lose up to 1 gram of skin per week - enough to feed several thousand ticks.
In addition, the required temperature and humidity are maintained in the bed. "Climatic conditions" are not the same in different parts of the bed. The most "hot" place is the head and neck area. The density of mites is about 1000 per 1 gram of dust. The population of dust mites is more than 100, or 200 individuals per 1 g of dust - a rather high indicator that is dangerous. More than 500 individuals per 1 gram of dust is a factor provoking bronchial asthma.
At what temperature do they die?
Dust mites do not tolerate frost, direct sunlight. At a temperature of -5 degrees, the tick dies out in 2 hours. Hot weather is not so dangerous, at +40 the individual dies in 6 hours.
REFERENCE! If you live in a dry, temperate climatic zone, you cannot avoid ticks. Diagnose the apartment now.
Is it possible to destroy them yourself or is it better to turn to disinfectants?
Dust mite control is a long and laborious process. It is not always possible to independently calculate the order of events that would take into account all the nuances of each individual room.
The cleaner the house and the less dust, the worse the conditions for mites. They also do not tolerate dry air.
Step-by-step instructions on how to deal with insects with your own hands
Benzylbenzonate for leather treatment
This method is the cheapest and fastest. You need to treat the body with ointment or cream and leave for 36 hours. There may be a burning sensation in the neck or wrist. This is a common reaction, don't worry. You can sleep on both clean and dirty linen, because the tick is directly in bed and changing the linen will not fix the problem.
The ointment has a strong chemical smell, so it is best to carry out the procedure on weekends. Ticks will be attracted by the warmth and moisture of the human body, they will crawl closer, where the drug will take effect and destroy them. After 36 hours, take a shower, rinse off the preparation with warm, but not hot water.
Therapy with such drugs is aimed at eliminating the disease itself, and not at relieving symptoms. In the course of treatment with Staloral, the active ingredient (extract of the allergen of house dust mites or birch pollen), administered sublingually (under the tongue) in small doses for a long period, causes a decrease in the sensitivity of the immune system to the allergenic agent. Because of this, hypersensitivity is replaced by a normal immune response.
Instructions for use:
- Make sure that the expiration date has not passed, the package is intact, and the concentration is in accordance with the instructions.
- Remove the plastic cap from the bottle, remove the metal cap, pull out the stopper.
- Attach and, put it on top, click on the bottle.
- Remove the orange ring of the dispenser, which must be pressed 5 times to fill with the solution.
- When using, place the tip of the dispenser under the tongue, press several times, according to the instructions.
- Leave the preparation under the tongue for a few minutes.
- Wipe the dispenser and put the protective ring on it.
Easy Air Spray
Acaricidal spray Easy Air is an effective bacteriological agent against ticks, developed only from natural ingredients. Thanks to this, the spray not only fights mites in house dust, but also has a minimal chance of allergic manifestations. The components of the spray have a short half-life, so their particles do not remain in the air after the end of the action.
Also, the product eliminates:
- headaches and migraines;
- runny nose;
- scabies and itching;
- swelling and swelling;
How to get rid of dust mites with Easy Air? The product can be used to treat all types of surfaces. (except for polished and painted), as well as for processing linen during washing. In addition to mite allergens, acaricidal elements destroy other factors that can cause an allergic reaction: dandruff, hair and saliva of pets.
Spray Allergoff (Allergoff) is an innovative acaricidal preparation in the form of an aerosol designed to combat house dust mite and remove its allergens - the direct cause of symptoms of allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis of various forms, atopic dermatitis (eczema) and atopic bronchial asthma. Biologically active substances are enclosed in nanocapsules, which allows them to bypass an aggressive environment and arrive exactly at their destination.
- Kills ticks quickly at any stage of development.
- Provides long lasting action.
- Does not harm humans and pets.
- Eliminates allergens (mite excrement).
- Does not leave marks and stains on clothes and linen.
- Has a light neutral aroma.
FOR REFERENCE! One can is enough to treat about 45 sq.m.
- poly (vinyl alcohol);
- lemon acid;
- isopropyl ester of myristic acid;
- benzyl benzoate;
- colloidal silicon dioxide.
The effect of using the drug:
- High acute acaricidal action on D.pteronyssinus and D.farinae, which leads to 100% defeat of these ticks in 5 minutes after invasion and guaranteed death of the parasites in 2 hours.
- Prevents the chance of re-spawning.
Tea tree oil
This is a proven folk remedy for ticks. The recipe for insect protection is as follows:
- Mix 10 drops of tea tree ether with 50 ml of water.
- Warm up to body temperature.
- Add a couple of drops of Eleutherococcus tincture.
- Rub the body, neck, face (avoid the skin around the eyes).
- You can also use a spray bottle.
Oil is the strongest antiseptic, and when a tick enters the body, it disrupts all metabolic processes. It also increases the level of humidity in the bed, and the mite does not like this. In addition to all these effects, it boosts immunity and improves skin condition.
A vacuum cleaner
This method requires powerful vacuum cleaners like Kirby, Eureka. It is these companies that have technology developed in conjunction with NASA, which allows you to suck in even the smallest particles, and thanks to a replaceable filter, completely dispose of waste and eradicate the source of parasites. The cost of such devices is extremely high, but nothing prevents you from using the services of a cleaning company.
Another effective method, which, unlike the previous one, does not require such large-scale material investments.
Steam generators are sold in the home appliance departments. They are very easy to use - you need to fill it with water and turn on the desired mode, then steam the surface of the bed or linen for 2-4 minutes.
Perform this procedure twice a day and the ticks will disappear for a long time.
A remedy that has not been proven effective, because mites are immune to changes in ozone levels in the air, since it is not vital for their existence. Whether ozone kills these insects is a moot point. But it can harm a person, as it disrupts the usual metabolism, and the constant electric field, which is created by the switched on device, knocks down circadian circadian rhythms, disrupts sleep.
Prevention of re-infection of housing
- Clean your apartment regularly, including a damp one.
- Ventilate the room.
- Wash your laundry once a week.
- In cold weather, take carpets and blankets outside for a couple of hours to eliminate the chance of mites developing.
- If you have pets, carefully monitor the condition of their fur and skin.
Any parasite is an unpleasant thing. It will be scary to stop at the mere thought that someone else lives in your house besides you. But, fortunately, this situation is easily eliminated and, with a quick response, will disappear without a trace, without provoking relapses. In the article, we examined at what temperature the inhabitants of house dust die and how to kill them with the help of chemicals and traditional medicine.
Video about where the dust mite lives and how to deal with it at home: