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Initially, landscape design is considered by many people in the street as a kind of elite product or leisure.
The widespread opinion suggests the opportunity to do landscape design only with the release of some time and money.
If you describe this opinion in more detail, then a dacha without any measured adjustment of plant placement or with chaotic adjustment is considered normal.
Owners consider it possible to do landscaping only when there is no need to grow something in the beds and spend more money on various plants and time planning space.
Although, in reality, they do not take into account, for example, the cost of funds from pests and the cost of time resources to eliminate plant diseases.
This is where the essential fallacy lies. Landscaping is actually one of the primary factors in eliminating plant pests and diseases. This is what will be discussed below.
Proper use of landscape design allows plants to gain immunity and become stronger. Often, many gardeners use a variety of pest control products, but they are not effective.
However, if you use landscape design, these difficulties can be easily eliminated and generally do not spend either time or money on plant treatment.
You do not know what kind of soil you have on your site
Perhaps this detail is one of the fundamental ones, since plants are sensitive to soil and it makes no sense to choose plants for soil that does not at all correspond to the needs.
Accordingly, you first need to determine the type of soil.
After that, there are two options for action, which you can, however, combine.
The first option is to choose plants specifically for your soil type.
The second option is a local change of soil, that is, where you plant plants, you make a hole, which you fill with the appropriate type of soil.
Of course, some gardeners can afford to completely change the type of soil on the site. However, this option is not available to everyone and, frankly, is not the most rational. Therefore, we will not consider this option.
It is not difficult to determine the type of soil, for this there are special laboratories where you can pass the analysis. It is best to take soil from different parts of the site, as the soil can vary depending on the location.
After that you will be able to provide the following information:
- mechanical composition;
- trace elements and other components.
While it is difficult and impractical to completely change the soil, you can improve it. For this, various additives are used that can make the soil more suitable for the growth of various representatives of the flora.
Crop rotation is not observed
This word refers to the planting of plants in new spaces.
The point is simple: plants of the same species scoop out specific elements from the soil and over time there are fewer of them.
Accordingly, plants change their location in order for the soil to give the necessary elements..
This rule also applies to ornamental plants.
Thus, if plants of any species grew on one part of the soil, you need to change this species in order to plant new plants there.
We emphasize that we are not talking about any particular variety, but even about plant species, since they have similar needs from the soil.
There is no "biological" pest control
You should not rely only on chemical agents, it is best to choose biological methods, that is, to plant plants that are themselves capable of scaring off pests and giving other plants immunity.
- wild garlic,
- pharmaceutical camomile.
Therefore, for example, planting various herbs on the site is not only an action for additional decoration, but also the prevention of various diseases. With these plants, you can dilute the beds or make separate zones from such medicinal plants.
In addition, you should refrain from plants that attract pests. For example, bird cherry and hawthorn in the garden are not particularly useful in this context. Sure, they are beautiful, but not pest resistant.
Prevention includes timely cleaning of fallen leaves and other methods. Here is a useful tip: if viburnum grows in the garden, in the fall you need to cut off young shoots, in which aphids are always actively developing.
Try to use more natural helpers:
- cats in the garden will protect from mice and moles;
- birds eat insects;
- frogs, hedgehogs, and other insects will also help if you use a minimum of chemicals on the site and they can exist there normally.
By the way, in winter, you should not feed the birds with seeds and berries, since the seeds that have fallen into the ground attract mice. As you can see, if you are reasonable about such elementary details, nature itself will help you get rid of pests.
Cleanliness and order are not respected
Actually, the advice here is quite simple, you just need to timely eliminate various contaminants and use, if possible, natural methods.
It is necessary to remove foliage, cut branches, weed out.
Keep your garden well ventilated, avoid overgrowth, and use natural methods to control pests like garlic tincture, tomato leaf tincture or yarrow tincture.
Do nothing to increase plant immunity
Often in gardens, there are various negative factors that reduce immunity. They can be very different from frost to drought.
If plants are often under stress, it is difficult for them to maintain their natural immunity. In addition, if you use chemicals, the control mechanisms in the plant itself become less active. As a result, the plant receives reduced immunity.
Here you should use various additives, but those that stimulate the natural capabilities of plants. Of the most common and effective ones, we recommend:
They are applied three times a season and are easy to use. In order to make your choice, read the instructions and reviews. Each of these drugs differs in the strength of the effect.
Need a lawn
Just a lawn near your home that you have not planted with special plants is not considered a lawn. The essence of the lawn is dense turf and plant varieties that do not attract pests.
If you left just grass that is mixed with weeds, then pests that often live in such grass will be attracted to the garden.
There is a lot of shade in the garden
The abundance of light has a positive effect on the garden.
At the same time, in modern suburban spaces, shading often occurs not only in connection with trees, but also from fences, building elements.
In order to make the space brighter, you need to use the maximum number of reflectors..
By the way, just light colors help with this. For example, white walls and light colored flowers add lightness to the space.
It's good if you can use a variety of reflectors that increase the amount of light.
These include natural ones, like a reservoir, and artificial ones, like garden mirrors and reflectors.
Plant balance is disturbed
Here the emphasis should be on quality, not quantity. We are talking about all plants and ornamental and fruit and berry. Try to choose only what you need and in a small amount.
It is better to take a couple of frost-resistant shrubs for your weather and soil than to fill the garden with an immense amount. Do the same with trees and flowers. Take only the best and the most efficient ones.
You plant too infrequently and allow extensive mono-planting
In conclusion, we will indicate a slightly opposite advice to the previous one. It's about planting plants tightly and making a mix of different varieties. If the plants are densely packed, they exchange phytohormones and improve each other's immunity.
In addition, a program is launched for more active growth within the framework of the struggle between different varieties. Thus, they become more resilient and healthier. Therefore, try (we are talking in particular about herbaceous plants) to plant different varieties tightly and maintain diversity.