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Lavender fields have incredible appeal. A rich lilac color and no less intense lavender scent can bring real pleasure.
Even if you cannot plant a whole lavender field, it is quite possible for you to use this plant in the space of alpine slides, near curbs, or in other ways.
In general, lavender is a very convenient plant to grow in the country or in your own garden.
You just need to know some of the features and be able to competently dispose of this plant.
For example, if your weather is mostly cold, you can use portable pots and flowerpots..
There, lavender will feel great, and you can move the plant to more comfortable conditions when it gets colder.
Of course, in addition to this, you will need and regularly take care of lavender, but, we repeat, if you know exactly what to do and the features of the plant, lavender will be able to delight you with its magnificent appearance.
Perhaps it is one of the most important parameters. After all, if you choose a shady space, then there will be few flowers, and the flowering period is minimal. Under the rays of light, lavender opens up and blooms for a long time, gives many flowers.
It is best to choose fairly free open spaces, but you need to look not only at the situation above the ground, but also underground. If you are the proud owner of high groundwater tables, you should consider an artificial elevation for lavender or a drainage layer.
This plant does not tolerate waterlogged and waterlogged soil, by the way, flowerpots here can also be the best option.
When making a lavender bed, use compost, which will increase the nutrient content of the soil and loosen the soil. If acidity prevails in the soil, you will need to add a little alkali, for example, wood ash, or lime.
Features of planting lavender
In general, you have three options for getting new lavender bushes:
- seeds - just buy seeds and grow according to the instructions;
- stalk - you cut a twig and put it in the soil mixture, moisten the soil (you can cover it with a film or make a "greenhouse" effect in another way) and after the stalk has taken root, transplant it to the desired location;
- layering - in the spring, take the lower branch and tilt it to the ground, sprinkle the part closest to the ground with earth, you can additionally fix the branch, as a result, a lump of roots will appear in contact with the ground, then cut off the branch from the main bush, sprinkle the cut with crushed coal and plant the layering.
If we talk about adult bushes, then they are not particularly transplanted.... This is possible, but you need to act very carefully and take a large amount of soil with roots.
Regarding the distance between bushes, there is a universal parameter - the maximum length of a bush. Take this length as the distance between adjacent bushes if you want the lavender to grow luxuriantly.
If you want a hedge, then take the distance between the bushes at half the maximum length.
Sowing lavender seeds
Here you need the so-called stratification, that is, artificial cooling. Most often, where winters are harsh, aging in the refrigerator or on the balcony is used for stratification.
To do this, they take seeds, mix them with sand, put them in a container, wrap them in plastic and leave them in the cold for at least six weeks, up to -8 - 12 degrees.
It is necessary not to freeze the seeds. After that, you can plant lavender in boxes at the end of winter, or in greenhouses and open ground in the spring. It is quite important to wait for spring, since the longer the stratification, the better.
If you live where winters are not so harsh, you may well plant seeds right away in early autumn. Some will overwinter and begin to grow, but this option is relevant only if you live in a warm climatic zone.
Soil processing near bushes
Watering is a very significant factor. Watering is optimal depending on the drying out of the soil. When the soil is dry, you can water it again, but you should not overmoisten it.
In addition, loosening and weeding will be required, and regular... If you want to make things a little easier for yourself, use foliage mulch, which will soften and loosen the soil, but it still takes a little work. Near the bush, the soil should not be covered with mulch, so that the roots do not rot, there will need to be weeded a little.
Pruning lavender bushes
When the first spikelets have wilted, you need to do the first pruning of the branches. Cut off literally a couple of centimeters. Before the cold season, cut a little more, but still not much.
In general, lavender should never be trimmed to the ligneous part. This process as a whole has only decorative purposes, you form a beautiful bush shape. Therefore, in general, such an activity is optional, but if you want to have a beautiful plant, it is sometimes helpful to trim the lavender.
Miracle mulch will help you here too.
If you don't particularly want to spend time fertilizing the bushes and have some foliage and compost at your disposal, you can put a thick layer near the plants and the mulch will do the job for you.
When decomposing, this layer will be able to provide all the necessary elements for plants.
In addition, you can take:
- mineral (complexes) fertilizers - the simplest from a flower shop, two tablespoons per bucket and water around the perimeter before flowering;
- nitrogen fertilizers - identical proportions, used only at the beginning of summer.
They will give the plant the support it needs, but in the presence of thick mulch, they really become less relevant.
Preparing for winter
While lavender loves warmth, experts say, the plant can tolerate periods as low as -25 degrees. The most significant negative factor here can only be winter with a minimum amount of snow, when soils freeze and frosts are more noticeable for plants.
One way or another, it is useful for lavender to create additional insulation if you intend to winter outdoors.
In order to neutralize the possible lack of snow, use branches of coniferous trees. Before this, deciduous mulch must be completely removed and a couple of floors of coniferous insulation are laid on the beds. In addition, before winter, you should trim the branches a little.
If your lavender lives in warm climatic zones, then you may not need to insulate the beds. Often, the plant tolerates wintering quite well.
Types of lavender
In reality, lavender flowers come in a variety of colors.
Much depends on the variety, although the most common is still the option with purple flowers.
There are two main groups of lavender:
The first option is the most unpretentious and is used for growing in open fields. Here the inflorescences are longer and the leaves are narrower.
The second option is mostly grown in pots, since French lavender freezes from cold weather, the plant has shorter inflorescences and larger leaves, although in general it looks like English lavender.