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The incredibly beautiful Buddley plant, which is home to China and Japan, is found in parks, garden plots and adjoining territories of central Russia.
Over the past century, about 150 species of this ornamental shrub have been bred, the type genus of which was named after the Englishman Adam Baddle.
In nature, buddleys are found in the wild all over the world in areas with a suitable climate for them and are flowering shrubs, dwarf shrubs and even trees.
The buddleya has long and narrow leaves of green and bluish shades, falling branches with small fragrant flowers of various colors.
The plant is pollinated by insects, but it is more attractive to butterflies, which are attracted by the very rich honey aroma of flowers. In England, where buddleya is most widespread, it is called the "Butterfly tree".
Buddleya David received recognition from gardeners for its relative unpretentiousness, frost resistance and ability to delight from July to late autumn with its lush flowers.
This type of plant belongs to the genus Budleia, the family Norichnikovia and is named after the French botanist and missionary Armand David.
Blooming branches hanging under the weight of numerous inflorescences are outwardly similar to lilacs and therefore the shrub is often called "summer" or "autumn" lilac.
Where to plant buddley?
In order for the plant to look the most advantageous, it is necessary to choose the right place for planting it. It should be noted that this is a spreading shrub and it can reach over time from 1.5 to 3 meters in height and from 1 to 2 meters in width.
Buddleya begins to bloom later than other ornamental shrubs. The bush looks good in a single (solitary) planting on the lawn against the background of conifers and in the form of a hedge with various color options.
Buddleya can be in the background of mixborders in combination with other perennials and annuals, it is planted in front of outbuildings to cover them.
The shrub can be grown as a tub plant, decorating terraces and verandas.
Care and reproduction
Buddleya blooms on the emerging shoots of the current year. During the entire growing season, the plant requires proper care.
In early spring, you need to apply nitrogen fertilizers under the bush to accelerate growth and gain green mass. Then phosphorus and potash fertilizers are needed, as well as organic fertilizing, which contribute to abundant flowering.
A sunny, windless place is chosen for landing. Buddleya will grow in partial shade, but not as intensely. Fertile calcareous or neutral, well-drained soil is preferred. The shrub is responsive to watering and spraying. The soil periodically needs to be carefully loosened, given the horizontal location of the root system.
Since buddleya has a very long flowering period, you can see unopened buds, flowers and ripening seeds at the same time. For the decorative effect of the bush and to stimulate the subsequent flowering of unopened buds, it is advisable to periodically cut off the already faded branches, which, moreover, will have a brown color and not very presentable appearance.
For the winter, pruning is performed at the root or 10 cm from the trunk and a thorough shelter that protects the root system from frost.
The buddleya reproduces in two ways. In early spring or late February, seeds mixed with sand are sown in a specially prepared container with neutral soil and good drainage. You can not fall asleep on top, but only slightly press down to the ground.
After spraying, close the container with glass or transparent film and put the future seedlings in a warm place. Seedlings will appear in 2-3 weeks. After the first pairs of leaves have grown, the seedlings are planted in separate pots, where they will develop until they are planted in the ground. And after the soil warms up well, you can transplant the bushes to a permanent place.
The seeds of plants grown in the middle lane do not fully ripen and have poor germination, but you can purchase ready-made bags from well-known manufacturers.
If you want to propagate your favorite plant, then it is best to resort to grafting.
Cut cuttings with three buds are planted in prepared soil, leaving one bud on the surface. Rooting takes place within two months. Young plants must be carefully covered before wintering to avoid freezing.
In the spring, after the ground warms up, the first shoots appear and during the summer a young bush is formed, which can bloom already in the current season.
How to choose a color?
As a result of constant selection, buddleys appeared with a variety of colors that allow this beautifully flowering shrub to fit into any color scheme of landscape design. The color scheme is very diverse.
It can be white, blue, red, purple, pink-lilac, pink-purple, lilac colors and shades. Therefore, it is enough just to make your choice and purchase the variety that will look the most harmonious among other representatives of the flora in your garden.