DIY greenhouse arrangement: photo how to organize space, make racks and paths

DIY greenhouse arrangement: photo how to organize space, make racks and paths

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Construction and location of the greenhouse on the site - not yet final preparatory work for growing vegetables in it.

For the convenience of work and optimal arrangement of plants inside the structure, need to organize it correctly and properly equip.

Types of greenhouses by the nature of the internal arrangement

Greenhouses, according to the method of growing vegetables in them, are divided into certain groups:

  1. Ground.
  2. Plants in them are located in the beds. Therefore, you need to make beds along each wall, or two along the length of the walls, and another one in the middle.

    Between the beds for the passage the track is laid out... To prevent the soil from spilling out and water flowing out during irrigation, special bumpers are made for the beds.

  3. Shelving.

    Mainly intended for growing seedlings or potted crops. For the installation of containers, boxes or pots, specially made racks or shelves are used.

  4. Combined.

    This arrangement is quite rare, but it increases the versatility of using the interior space. Arrangement inside the greenhouse, can be done in the form of soil beds, and also to put racks for container crops in the center or in any part. In this case, it is very convenient to grow seedlings on racks, and then plant them in ridges.

How to equip a greenhouse inside - see the photo below:

Splitting tracks

The location of the paths in the greenhouse depends on its size. Greenhouse organization can happen in several ways:

  • on the sides - in long and narrow greenhouses;
  • in the center - when two beds are located along the walls;
  • between the beds - when split inside into three beds.

Material for covering paths depends on preference the owner of the greenhouse.

Today, if you make paths in the greenhouse with your own hands, then you can break them into the following types:

  1. Stone - are made of natural stone, which is laid close to each other on a sand cushion.
  2. Tiled - from paving stones or paving slabs intended for laying out sidewalks and garden paths.
  3. Concrete - are made from concrete mix using special forms, then laid on the sand.
  4. Gravel - from fine gravel poured directly onto the ground.
  5. Wooden - from a building board.
  6. Brick - from sidewalk, light bricks.

Paths in the greenhouse - photo from the inside of the structure:

Equipment of the greenhouse inside with a coating of paving stones, tiles or clinker bricks, is the best option... Due to their small size, they can be used to lay out any shape of the tracks. Moreover, such tracks are quite durable and easy to clean.

Decorating greenhouses inside with concrete is also practical and resistant to damage. However, his the cost in the manufacture slightly higher.

Add colored stones when pouring a concrete path, and the coating will become more decorative and will give your greenhouse an original, elegant look.

The most impractical of those described is gravel cover... It is difficult to walk on it with a cart, and in wet weather stones stick to the soles of shoes. Therefore, it is preferable to use smooth, hard surfaces.

The disadvantage of boards is their fragility., as they begin to rot when exposed to moisture. The option of simple trodden paths without any coverage is also not acceptable. Unpaved paths tend to form puddles.

The industry is currently producing very practical materialthat can be used as a covering for greenhouse paths. It is manufactured from crumb rubber... It is very practical to use and durable. Its downside is only the relative high cost.

Racks and shelves

The use of various racks, shelves and stands in the greenhouse allows maximum use of its area. Vertical layout - a rational approach, and the number of crops grown with such an arrangement is increasing significantly.

It is necessary to arrange racks in the greenhouse taking into account the following conditions:

  • the upper tiers are used to install the seedling container;
  • middle and bottom shelves are used for mature plants;
  • the space under the lower shelves is intended for storing inventory, since the sun does not penetrate there;
  • a variant of shelving is the terraced arrangement of the beds. Narrow ridges are made in the form of a kind of steps.

Manufacturing rules

How to make shelving in a greenhouse? DIY greenhouse racks can be made from wood, corners made of metal, galvanized profile. The height of the upper tier is determined depending on the growth of the gardener, so that it is convenient to care for the plants.

You can't do many shelves, since the lowest tier will be too shaded, and the plants will experience discomfort. The height of the top shelf is determined just below the eye level of the caregiver. Plant care from the upper tier.

Do not set the shelves too high, as under the very ceiling the plants will overheat.

It is not recommended to make a large number of shelves. For a standard greenhouse with a height of 2 - 2.5 meters 3-4 shelves for adult plants are being built and 5-6 racks in the greenhouse for growing seedlings. The distance between the shelves should be 0.8 - 0.9 meters, the width should not be more than 1.20. Aisles of at least 50 cm are required between the racks.

Place racks along the wallsso the plants get the maximum amount of sunlight. If the greenhouse is more than 3 meters wide, you can place another row in the center.

Shelving shelves can be made from any available material. The most convenient at the same time, and at the same time metal racks are durable with mesh horizontal surfaces. They provide optimal air circulation under the shelves, the bottom of pots and containers installed on such shelves will not become over-humidified.

Shelves made of brick or concrete are rational in terms of heat transfer. The sun heats them up during the day, and at night all the heat enters the air. Wooden shelves absolutely necessary antisepticto prevent the development of fungal infections.

Hanging pots or flowerpots can be used to increase the number of crops grown in the greenhouse.

Wire baskets are built for the pots, which are attached to the frame of the greenhouse. You can also attach metal rings to the arches of the greenhouse, in which the pots are placed.

Alternatively, you can use shelves in the form of a ladder in greenhouses, each of which is located above the level of the previous one.

Strawberry shelves and vertical beds

A greenhouse is an ideal place to grow strawberries. However, to obtain a rich harvest of this undersized crop it is impractical to grow it in floor beds... There are several ways to grow strawberries in a greenhouse:

  1. Strawberry racks.
  2. In this case, strawberries are planted in containers that are located on the shelves. DIY strawberry racks in a greenhouse can be made from a metal profile. The layout of the greenhouse inside is as follows: the width of the shelves is 1 meter, the height is 1.5.

    On shelves have three rows of containers 20 cm wide and 20 cm high.A distance of 20 cm is left between them.

  3. Vertical beds for strawberries.
  4. This idea of ​​growing strawberries is quite unusual, and many summer residents are suspicious of it. However, it has certain advantages:

    • they are easier to maintain.
    • they save space.
    • contact with the soil is minimized, which means that the possibility of root rot and infection with a fungus is excluded.

    The downside of such beds is that the land in them is rapidly depleting and the plants need to be fed frequently. Also, the soil in them dries out faster, and the plants need to be watered more often.

    Vertical beds can be built in different ways, the main thing is the arrangement of plants one above the other... The design of the greenhouse inside, with such beds, has many options. Let's list several options:

    • Ready containers positioned one above the other, attaching to a vertical support.
    • Plastic bottles... Closed with plugs are placed horizontally, attached to the greenhouse frame along the walls. A hole is made in the side part and through it the bottle is filled with soil, strawberries are planted in it.
    • Vertical pots... The metal pipe is fixed vertically, the pots are suspended from it one above the other in an inclined position.
    • Plastic pipe... It is put on a thin pipe in which holes are made for irrigation. Holes are drilled in the thick pipe, the pipe is filled with potting soil, and strawberry seedlings are planted in the holes. The lower part with a height of 10-15 cm remains without holes, it must be filled with a drainage layer (expanded clay or crushed stone). For irrigation, water is poured into a thin pipe, which seeps through the holes, moistening the soil.

Examples of arranging a greenhouse inside for growing strawberries (see photo):

Different crops in one greenhouse

Microclimate for growing different crops not always the same, therefore, placing them in the same greenhouse is very problematic. Of course, it would be ideal to place several greenhouses on the site for different crops. But if for some reason this is not possible, then you can take some steps to zoning the space in one room.

Alternatively in the center of the greenhouse you can put a partition made of polycarbonate. Such a device inside the greenhouse allows you to enter each zone through a separate door.

If necessary, you can make a different size for each zone. This technique will allow get two separate small greenhouses, and the question of the microclimate in each will be resolved.

A simpler option would be to fix a kind of curtain made of plastic wrap under the ceiling. For tomatoes with such an organization you need to leave the most ventilated part, and for cucumbers it is whiter than deaf.

The correct internal arrangement of the greenhouse is a guarantee of the most rational use of the usable area. It must be organized in such a way that in the greenhouse it was convenient to workand the plants felt comfortable.

A small useful video about the interior arrangement of the greenhouse:

Watch the video: How to Make Easy and Cheap Trellis (May 2022).