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Are fleas beetles? Earthen fleas: appearance with a photo and how to get rid of the house

Are fleas beetles? Earthen fleas: appearance with a photo and how to get rid of the house


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Earthen fleas have nothing to do with real fleas.

They are actually boogers from the numerous family of leaf beetles and are plant pests.

Earthen fleas do not bite people, but they are quite capable of entering a house and settling there.

External appearance

Quite typical of the squad bugs Coleoptera... They have an elongated body, reliably protected by dense rigid elytra. The color can be different, light green to almost black, usually it is monochromatic and has a metallic sheen. Some species are decorated with transverse stripes in contrasting colors.

The flea has small transparent wings with which it flies over short distances. Long flights of insects are beyond the power.

Antennae of beetles are long, black, dotted. There are usually 6 paws, like all other beetles. The hind legs are a feature of flea beetles. They have the first segments are thickened ("Thighs"), and the "legs" are elongated, due to which the bugs have good jumping ability. It is because of this ability that fleas are confused with ordinary bloodsucking fleas..

REFERENCE! In fact, fleas are not related flea species. Colorado beetles and ladybirds can be considered close relatives of these pests.

Next, you will see a photo of earthen fleas:

  • Larvae.

These are small worms with soft, off-white outer covers. The body consists of many segments, the head is dark. Legs 3 pairs.

  • Egg.

It has an elliptical shape, slightly elongated upward. The color is light, yellowish or greenish.

  • Chrysalis.

The larva acquires a snow-white color of the integument. From above it is covered with a hard shell of beige or yellow color.

How are fleas different from fleas?

The difference is so great that it is almost impossible to confuse them. The cute shiny pests are completely different from the soft-bodied parasites. The main differences include:

  • dimensions... The length of an adult flea rarely exceeds 2 mm, while fleas reach 6 mm;
  • coloration... Real fleas are faded, mostly brown or gray. Fleas, on the other hand, delight the eye with shades of green, red and other bright colors;
  • lifestyle and diet... Earthen fleas do not live in animal fur and do not drink the blood of warm-blooded organisms.

You can get acquainted in the photo with different types of fleas and find out how they look here.

Lifestyle

Pest beetles live on the street, settling near the plants they feed on. Each species has its own dietary preferences. The most common fleas that eat cruciferous crops like cabbage and radish.

Young individuals go to winter, they go underground and there they wait out the cold. In the spring, when the temperature of the upper layer of the earth reaches 11-13 °, fleas wake up and come out... At this time, they begin to actively eat young sprouts, preparing for the breeding season.

Mating and oviposition takes place in May or June. The female hides future offspring in the soil near forage crops or directly on the plant. In masonry maybe 10 to 50 eggs.

The development of this stage and the emergence of larvae takes only a few days. Then the larvae begin to eat a lot, damaging the roots, stems and foliage. A month later, they pupate in the ground. It goes to this stage from 7 to 17 days... An adult pest appears from the pupa, which goes to winter.

IMPORTANT! In warm regions with mild, short winters, 2 generations of earthen fleas can develop per season.

Harmfulness

For people and pets, earthen fleas are completely safe. Unlike real fleas, they not interested in bloodpreferring plant foods. These bugs are a real threat to garden crops!

Both adult fleas and their larvae feed on plants, causing harm from all sides. The fact is that the pest bug eats leaves, scraping off the top layer from them... The larvae gnaw at the roots or eat out the stem from the inside.

Large clusters of pests capable of destroying all landings... Young shoots most often suffer in spring, when overwintered adults rush to "eat off" after wintering. In dry periods, the damage caused by earthen fleas increases significantly! After all, plants cannot make up for the loss of moisture and die faster.

Once in the house, fleas can damage ornamental plantsnibbling their leaves. If measures are not taken in time, bugs will destroy the home flowers.

Signs of an attack by earthen fleas:

  • uneven and asymmetrical round holesappearing on leaves and stems;
  • skeletonized leaves;
  • damage to the stems of perfectly healthy plants for some unknown reason;
  • drying of inflorescences;
  • detection of small bouncing bugs on plants.

How do you get into the house?

Most often, pests or their larvae are introduced along with the garden soil or plant. Adult bugs can accidentally jump into an open window or door, "arrive" on clothes.

After harvesting, flea beetles can be brought along with vegetables to the basement or cellar. If they live in storage in winter, they will not harm root crops and other products.

How to get rid of the house?

Fleas enter the dwelling from the adjoining vegetable gardens and garden plots, so you should start fighting them there. Correct agricultural practices are used as preventive measures. With its help, you can greatly reduce the "livestock" of pests without resorting to chemicals.

  • Swap cultures when planting, observing a competent crop rotation.
  • Water the plants regularly and abundantlywhile maintaining moisture. Fleas prefer dry air and soil, becoming very active in favorable conditions.
  • Between cruciferous crops like radish and cabbage it is advisable to plant plants that repel pests... These include tansy, tobacco, marigolds, calendula, celandine, wormwood, anabasis. They can also be planted around the perimeter of the site to prevent the invasion of flea beetles from neighboring sites.
  • Eliminate weeds in a timely mannerthat serve as a refuge for bugs.

If there are too many flea beetles, insecticides should be called for help. Against these pests, you can use remedies for the Colorado potato beetle: Gaucho, Regent, Antizhuk, Confidor Maxi, Fitoverm, Ratibor, Aktaru.

In the house, earthen fleas rarely form numerous colonies due to the lack of a good food base. Most often they attack for young seedlings and home flowers.

You can eliminate them with chemicals. For treatment in the house, you can use insecticides from cockroaches: Raptor, Executioner, Get, Kombat and Raid. Usually, it is enough to spray the plants once to make the bugs disappear forever.

ATTENTION! If fleas have settled in all rooms, a general cleaning should be carried out, followed by persecution with insecticides.

In this case, you need to spray all the nooks: back surfaces of furniture, window sills, skirting boards, cracks in floor coverings... There is no need to remove fleas from animals, since these pests will simply ignore your pets, focusing on the plant food base.

As folk remedies, you can use various repellent plants. Their it is enough to spread out in possible places of settlement of earthen fleas... Both fresh and dried plants will do.

Another effective remedy is benzenemixed with regular kerosene. This "infernal mixture" with its smell will drive out all uninvited pests. The solution should be used to treat plants suffering from flea attacks.

If you find earthen fleas in your clean house, do not be discouraged! Leaf beetles are not the biggest problem among household pests.


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