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Building a winter greenhouse with your own hands is a rather difficult task, but everyone can do it.
Such a greenhouse will delight its owner with fresh products throughout the year and regardless of weather conditions.
Further in the article we will talk about how to heat and heat a polycarbonate greenhouse in winter, spring and autumn, how to make a polycarbonate winter greenhouse with heating, which heater is better (stoves and infrared heating) and other heating nuances.
Year-round polycarbonate greenhouses
Polycarbonate panels - one of the best materials for creating greenhouses, including year-round ones. This material is strong enough and is not subject to the destructive influence of the external environment (for example, temperature drops, high humidity).
At the same time, it is very convenient to work with such material - it is mounted on the frame of the greenhouse using self-tapping screws, it bends well.
The most important advantage of such greenhouses - this is an opportunity to use it all year round, to grow plants all the time and get fruits. It can be both a variety of greens and other vegetables.
Having installed all the necessary systems, you can create inside any necessary temperature conditions. In addition, the greenhouse does not need to be cleaned after every season.
It is a building that can be used for many years with proper maintenance.
What should be the greenhouse?
All greenhouses work in a similar way. Winter greenhouses have some features that must be observed during construction.
Winter polycarbonate greenhouse - stationary and requires the creation of a high-quality foundation and a solid frame.
A prerequisite for creating a year-round greenhouse is a capital foundation. A wooden foundation will not work, because it needs to be changed periodically.
The most optimal option Is a foundation made of concrete, brick or block. The strip foundation is created along the perimeter of the structure, it is quite simple to install and at the same time relatively inexpensive.
The second important point is the greenhouse frame. Winter use assumes periodic snowfalls. The accumulation of snow on the roof leads to very strong loads on the frame, which can lead to the destruction of the entire structure. The frame can be made from wood or metal.
Both materials are susceptible to destruction and will require preliminary preparation, and in the future - prophylaxis and periodic replacement of unusable elements.
Preparation for construction
On the network you can find a lot of ready-made solutions for the construction of greenhouses and adapt them to your needs. You can also create your own drawing based on your needs and wishes.
Exist special programs to create drawings. They allow you to see the finished model of the future building.
In any case, when creating a greenhouse with your own hands, you need to pay attention to several factors.
First of all, you need to choose a place for further construction. You need to choose based on three main factors:
- Illumination... The greenhouse should receive the maximum possible amount of solar energy.
- Wind conditions... Strong and gusty winds are not only the risk of collapse of the structure, but also large heat losses. Therefore, wind protection is necessary. For example, you can place a greenhouse next to the wall of the house or plant low perennial plants at a distance of 5-10 meters.
- Convenience... Access to the heifer should be wide enough and convenient, which will greatly facilitate the maintenance of the building.
To maximize the amount of sunlight, the greenhouse can be positioned along its length from west to east.
Then you need choose the shape of the roof future structure. Most often it is a gable or arched roof.
The shape of the roof should resist the accumulation of snow during the cold season. The gable roof is the easiest to install.
Also important is frame material... The strongest and most durable material is metal.
But it is important to remember that the creation of a metal frame will require welding to erect the structure. On the other hand, the tree does not require special tools or skills, it is quite affordable.
And if you additionally open it with several layers of paintwork, then it can serve for many years. By slightly strengthening the structure, you can achieve high strength and stability.
It is also worth mentioning about choosing polycarbonate... What is the required thickness of polycarbonate for a winter greenhouse? If a fairly thin sheet (6-8 mm) is suitable for an ordinary greenhouse, then panels with a thickness of at least 8-10 mm are needed for winter greenhouses. Otherwise, there is a risk that the panels will not withstand the load, and the heat will be poorly retained inside the building.
One of the key features of winter greenhouses is availability of a heating system... What kind of polycarbonate greenhouse heating to choose in winter? How to make heating in a polycarbonate greenhouse in winter with your own hands? How to heat and insulate a polycarbonate greenhouse for the winter with your own hands using stove heating?
Heating with electrical appliances such as infrared heaters is becoming more and more popular. How to arrange heating of a polycarbonate greenhouse with infrared heaters?
Installing such a system is very simple - you just need to connect the electrical network to the greenhouse and connect the electrical appliance. You will need to spend money on the heater itself and electricity.
Infrared heaters for polycarbonate greenhouses, they are installed on the ceiling and are capable of providing an air temperature inside up to 21 degrees Celsius, and a ground temperature up to 28 degrees.
The alternative is the old and traditional stove heating method.
It is much cheaper and easier to install. However, its disadvantage is the strong heating of the walls; it will not be possible to grow plants near it.
Finally, the foundation of the entire building must be made capital and stable, because the strength of the entire structure depends on it. Its creation does not require any complicated steps and can be done by anyone.
Construction work must be carried out in dry weather with a positive temperature.
How to build a polycarbonate winter greenhouse with your own hands?
- Building the foundation.
- Frame installation.
- Installation of communications.
- Installation of polycarbonate panels.
For a stationary greenhouse, it will be optimal strip foundation... To install it, you need to dig a trench about 30-40 cm deep around the perimeter of the future building. A small layer of gravel and small stone (5-10 cm thick) is poured onto the bottom. Then the entire trench is poured with a layer of concrete.
When creating a mortar, a mixture of one part of cement and three parts of sand will provide the best quality.
After the solution has frozen, you can proceed with the installation of the next layer... A layer of waterproofing is laid on the foundation layer (roofing material is suitable). Then the greenhouse base is formed. A wall of small height is laid out of bricks. A wall thickness of one brick is enough. For construction, not only new, but also previously used bricks are suitable.
After creating the base and complete solidification of the solution, you can proceed to the installation of the frame.
The simplest and most affordable option frame creation is a frame made of wood. Its installation does not require special knowledge or skills, as well as welding. It is important to pre-prepare the wooden elements before installation.
First you need to clean the elements from dirt and adhering soil with a brush, then sand with fine sandpaper. Then rinse with running water and allow to dry completely.
After that, you can proceed to applying paint and varnish coatings. Paint for outdoor use, resistant to high humidity and different temperature conditions, is best suited. After the paint has dried, you can apply a couple of coats of varnish on top.
A good way to protect wood is to impregnate it with epoxy prior to painting.
Now a beam with a section of 100x100 mm is installed along the perimeter of the foundation. To create a roof, you can use a beam with a section of 50x50 mm. When building a roof, it is necessary not to allow areas without support for more than 1 meter. Also, along the ridge, you need to place several props to further strengthen the structure.
For maximum strength, you can also create a plank strapping.
The elements are fastened with self-tapping screws and metal tape.
You can add a small vestibule at the entrance to the greenhouse. This will reduce heat loss when entering and exiting the greenhouse.
The next stage is associated with installation of a heating system, lighting and other necessary communications.
Lamps are installed along the ridge of the roof, sufficient to illuminate the entire room. For convenience, all switches are best placed near the entrance.
When installing stove heating a chimney is carried out. It is important to remember that when the oven is operating, the chimney pipes get very hot and can melt the polycarbonate panels.
The final stage of creating a winter greenhouse Is the installation of polycarbonate sheets. The sheets are fastened together using an H-shaped profile. From the ends, a U-shaped profile is mounted on the panel. The sheets themselves are installed vertically, then moisture flows better through them.
Not worth fixing the sheets are too hard. Polycarbonate expands when heated, and too rigid an installation can lead to cracks.
Polycarbonate fastened with self-tapping screws with a seal. The seal prevents moisture from entering through the holes. Before installation, holes are made on the sheets with a diameter slightly larger than the self-tapping screw. A special sealing tape is laid between the frame and the panels.
After that the greenhouse ready for operation.
It is somewhat more difficult to create a winter greenhouse than an ordinary one, but everyone can do it and does not require special skills.
In addition, the creation of such a greenhouse does not require serious financial investments. And the result in the form of fresh food throughout the year is worth the effort.
Here you can watch educational videos about winter greenhouses, about heating for a polycarbonate greenhouse.
Tips for building a heated polycarbonate greenhouse with your own hands.