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Home potato variety "Nikulinsky": cultivation, description of the variety, characteristics and photos

Home potato variety


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Nikulinsky potatoes are a high-yielding variety. Has complex resistance to various diseases. Designed for cooking homemade meals, processing into granules and dry products. It is widespread in Russia, grown in some other countries.

After reading this article, you can learn more about Nikulinsky potatoes. We will present to your attention a description of the variety, its main characteristics, features of agricultural technology. We will also tell you about what diseases it is still susceptible to and what insect pests can pose a danger to the crop.

Growing areas

The Nikulinsky potato variety was entered in the state register of the Russian Federation in 1996 under the number 15-078-99. The originator of the subspecies is GNU VNII. The patent belongs to the A.G. Lorkh Potato Farm.

The subspecies grows in the Northern, Middle Volga, Central regions. Often found in garden plots of Moscow, Yaroslavl, Ivanovo, Vladimir, Perm, Nizhny Novgorod regions. Grown in the Altai, Krasnodar Territories. Suitable for growing in the Urals and Siberia.

Also found in Belarus, Kazakhstan, India, China, Ukraine, Moldova. Able to endure cold gusts of wind, changeable weather. Withstands long spring rains, drought, hail.

Nikulinsky potatoes: variety description

Variety nameNikulinsky
general characteristicsmedium late table variety of Russian selection with a stable yield
Ripening period115-120 days
Starch content12-21%
Mass of marketable tubers70-120 gr
The number of tubers in the bush8-12
Yield170-300 (maximum - 410) c / ha
Consumer qualitiesexcellent taste, good digestibility
Keeping quality95%
Peel coloryellow
Pulp colorwhite
Preferred growing regionsNorth, North-West, Central, Volgo-Vyatka, Middle Volga, Ural, West Siberian
Disease resistancemoderately resistant to late blight of tops and tubers, affected by common scab and black leg, resistant to viruses
Growing featuresresponds well to the introduction of increased doses of mineral fertilizers
OriginatorAll-Russian Research Institute of Potato Farming named after V.I. A.G. Lorkha

The bushes of the plant are very tall. They can reach a height of 80 cm. The stem is erect with a large number of branches. The branches are highly leafy. Leaves are elongated, emerald. Has a serrated edge. Corolla of a burgundy-lilac shade. It has a whitish-white color on the inside and outside. The anthocyanin color of the buds is very weak. Tubers are elongated, rounded. They have a snow-white shade.

The peel of the fruit has a mesh structure. Eyes are tiny, colorless. They are located on potatoes in very large numbers. The pulp is snow-white. When sliced, the fruits do not darken. One tuber can weigh 70-120 grams... The largest specimens reach 135 grams. The starch content is standard 12-21%.

The taste of potatoes largely depends on the amount of starch in its tubers. In the table below you can see what this indicator is for different varieties:

Variety nameStarch content
Nikulinsky12-21%
Svitanok Kiev18-19%
Sheri11-15%
Artemis13-16%
Tuscany12-14%
Yanka13-18%
Purple Haze14-17%
Openwork14-16%
Desiree13-21%
Santana13-17%

A photo

The photo shows the Nikulinsky potato variety

Yield

Potato variety Nikulinsky characteristic: subspecies belongs to late-ripening varieties. From the first shoots of seedlings to technical ripeness, 115-120 days pass.

Harvesting is completed in late September - early October... The subspecies has a high stable yield. From 10 sq. m. collect 30-45 kg of fruit. 170-300 quintals of potatoes are harvested from 1 hectare. The maximum yield is 410 quintals. Commercial qualities range from 70 to 95%. The variety is suitable for wholesale and retail sale. But in most cases it is sold to consumers only in vegetable markets.

Keeping quality is very good, equal to 95%... In cool vegetable stores, potatoes are stored for more than 6 months. Can be stored in private houses, basements, closets. Read more about timing, temperature, locations, and storage issues. How to properly store potatoes in winter, in the cellar, on the balcony, in boxes, in the refrigerator, peeled.

You can compare the yield and keeping quality of the variety with others using the table below:

Variety nameProductivity (kg / ha)Keeping quality (%)
Nikulinsky170-30095
Elmundo250-34597
Milena450-60095
League210-36093
Vector67095
Mozart200-33092
Sifra180-40094
Queen anne390-46092

When applying fertilizers, the yield increases by 1.5 times. The preservation of tubers and table quality of the fruit does not deteriorate.

Important! After harvesting, it is recommended to plant green manures on an empty plot of land.

Appointment

The fruit has an excellent taste. Have dining destination... The fruits are very crumbly. Mashed potatoes, casseroles can be made from potatoes. This variety is suitable for preparing first and second courses.

Suitable for making French fries, potato balls, country potatoes, chips. Fruits can be boiled, fried, baked, steamed and microwaved.

Potatoes of this variety are suitable for industrial processing... Dry products are made from it - flour, starch, mashed potatoes. Also, the variety is suitable for processing into granules.

Growing features

The agricultural technology of this variety is quite standard. Weed, loosen, huddle potatoes in time. If necessary, additional watering will not interfere, and mulching will help in the fight against weeds.

Important! No more than 47,000 bushes should be placed per hectare. If planted closely, yield loss may occur.

Diseases and pests

Late blight

The Nikulinsky variety is highly resistant to cancer. Medium resistant to late blight of leaves. May be affected by late blight of fruits, black leg and scab. Viral diseases - Alternaria, Fusarium, Verticillium are very weakly affected.

Susceptible to all pests, except for the Colorado potato beetle.

Requires preventive spraying treatments. In this case, it is recommended to use chemicals that do not affect the quality of the tubers. Also periodically you should check the bushes for the presence of a pest.

For details on measures to combat the bear, wireworm, potato moth, aphids, read the articles:

  • How to get rid of a wireworm in your garden.
  • We fight the bear with the help of chemistry and folk remedies.
  • Getting rid of potato moths: part 1 and part 2.
  • Effective control of aphids.

Nikulinsky potatoes has comprehensive protection against various diseases... Has a high stable yield. It can grow on all types of soils.

Withstands changeable weather. It reaches a height of more than 80 cm. It has excellent keeping quality and remarkable commercial qualities.

Watch the video: how to increase the yield of potatoes by dividing the tuber

We also bring to your attention other varieties of potatoes with different ripening periods:

Late ripeningMedium earlyMid late
PicassoBlack PrinceBlue
Ivan da MaryaNevskyLorch
RoccoDark-haired womanRyabinushka
SlavLord of the open spacesNevsky
KiwiRamosCourage
CardinalTaisiyaBeauty
AsterixBastMy lady
NikulinskyCapriceVector
DolphinSvitanok KievHostess
SifraJellyRamona



Comments:

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  2. Beorhthramm

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