Do-it-yourself gable greenhouse with a polycarbonate house

Do-it-yourself gable greenhouse with a polycarbonate house

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Availability greenhouses on a personal plot - the dream of any owner of a private house or summer cottage who is not indifferent to agriculture. The construction of such a building with your own hands is quite within the power of any home craftsman.

But before getting down to business, you need to decide on the type of design of the future structure. One of the options that are somewhat popular among gardeners is greenhouse with a polycarbonate house, which will be discussed below.

Possible options for gable greenhouses

Availability of various types of materials that can be used for building a greenhouse with a house, allows everyone to make the most acceptable choice for themselves.

To cover gable greenhouses, the following materials are used:

  • polyethylene;
  • glass;
  • polycarbonate.

The main advantage of the film coating is the affordable price of the material. Also, the film has a good ability to transmit and diffuse light. However, polyethylene has serious disadvantages.

Such a coating needs periodic replacement (about 2-3 times a year - it depends on the quality of the polyethylene). As a result of the influence of ultraviolet rays, the film loses its transmission capacity and is often covered with condensation from the inside.

Glazing is the traditional way to cover greenhouses. Glass transmits light well and reduces heat loss, as a result of which a favorable temperature regime is formed inside the greenhouse.

The disadvantages include the inability to withstand strong blows, as well as the complexity of installation, which entails considerable labor costs.

Reference: Nowadays, agricultural lovers are increasingly preferring cellular polycarbonate, which, due to its characteristics, is the most practical and reliable material, 200 times stronger than glass in strength.

Thus, double-sloped polycarbonate greenhouses Is the most popular option.

For the construction of the greenhouse frame, use:

  • metal;
  • wood;
  • plastic.

Many people prefer a metal frame. Greenhouses made of a shaped pipe are popular because such structures with their relatively low weight, they have high strength.

But it also has a minus - it is susceptible to corrosion.

Wood is an environmentally friendly material, but the frame constructed from such material requires special care.

Wooden structures need to be tinted from time to time or treated with special agents to protect the wood from decay.

The installation of a plastic frame is very easy and simple to build, but such a structure is not particularly durable and can break under the influence of additional load, such as, for example, heavy snowfall.

Whatever material was used for the construction of a greenhouse-house, this will not in any way affect the presence of a number of features inherent in this structure:

  • in case of heavy rains, the water does not stagnate on the pitched roof, flowing freely along it;
  • so the design allows for good ventilation, due to the presence of vents through which hot air comes out, accumulating under the ceiling;
  • in the greenhouse can grow tall plants, planting them even along the walls.

Among the gable greenhouse buildings, it is worth highlighting such a unique structure as greenhouse according to Meathlider... Thanks to the original structure of the roof, in which one slope rises above the other, this structure is distinguished by a high-quality ventilation system.

Due to the hole arranged at the top of the structure and located from end to end of the greenhouse, the inner space of the building is provided with intensive air exchange, which favorably affects the growth of plants.

Preparation for construction

A greenhouse with a house with your own hands is not a fantasy, but a completely feasible task for everyone. To implement it, first of all, you need to decide on the place where the greenhouse will be installed, since the efficiency of its use will depend on this.

Reference: it is best if the structure will be located in an open space. This will provide good illumination and warm up the room on a sunny day.

The optimal location of the greenhouse is from west to east. This will protect it from the gusts of the north wind.

If there is an outbuilding on the site in which garden tools are stored, it is better to install a greenhouse next to it.

After the issue of choosing a place has been resolved, it is worth sketching a drawing of a polycarbonate greenhouse with a house, and deciding on the dimensions of the future structure. Here are the standard dimensions for a gable greenhouse:

  • width - 2.5-3 m;
  • length 5-7 m;
  • ridge height - 2.5 m.

A photo

See below: greenhouse house photo

Greenhouse foundation

Next, you need to choose the type of foundation for the greenhouse structure. For a wooden greenhouse-house (this type of frame will be discussed below), a columnar foundation is suitable, which will be enough to withstand not too much weight of the structure. The pillars should be 120 mm in diameter and 3 meters long. Quantity - 6 pieces.

The pillars are dug into the ground to a depth of 0.5 m. In this case, four pillars are installed at the corners of the future structure, two in the middle. The installed support is poured with concrete and left untouched until it hardens completely - this period is several days.

Attention: when pouring the foundation in hot weather, it should be moistened with water until it hardens completely, otherwise the formation of cracks on it is possible.

Frame construction

To greenhouse with a gable polycarbonate roof turned out to be strong and reliable, you need to take care of its frame.

Wooden posts of the foundation are the main part of the frame, so here it only remains to attach horizontal beams to them (with a section of 100 mm). The bars are mounted on top of the posts and in the middle. Rafters are installed on the upper beams with a pitch of 50 cm. They serve as the basis for laying the roofing material, and also give additional stability to the entire structure.

After installing the frame, it is necessary to equip places for windows and doors. The optimal size of the door frame is 180x80 cm, the size of the window frames can be chosen independently - there are no standard parameters here.

To attach the beams to the rafters, it is best to use self-tapping screws and metal corners. You should not fasten the parts with nails.

Coating installation

Having finished the frame of the gable greenhouse, you can start covering it.

Those who prefer a glass coating should know that high-quality heat saving will be provided by glass with a thickness of 4 mm.

To mount the glass, select quarter grooves in each opening. This can be done with a manual milling machine. The glass is fixed with wooden glazing beads.

The film coating is stretched over the frame, preferably with a solid sheet. If the width of the film is insufficient, the missing sections should be added in advance by soldering them to the main sheet with a hot iron.

To fix the coating on top of the polyethylene, wooden strips are installed, which are nailed to the greenhouse frame.

Installation of polycarbonate

Polycarbonate is fastened with self-tapping screws, in this case, rubber gaskets should be used, since the material should not contact the wood. The sheets must be installed with a protective layer outward.

You can determine the desired side by the factory inscriptions, which, as a rule, are applied to the material. After installing polycarbonate, remove the protective film from it.

As you can see, the construction of a greenhouse-house does not represent anything supernatural. To do this, you just need to have minimal skills in the field of construction and a standard set of tools. We hope we have answered your question: how to build a greenhouse in the form of a house?

About what types of greenhouses and greenhouses you can also make yourself, read the articles on our website: arched, made of polycarbonate, from window frames, single-slope wall-mounted, greenhouses, a greenhouse under a film, a greenhouse made of polycarbonate, a mini-greenhouse, made of PVC and polypropylene pipes , from old window frames, butterfly greenhouse, snowdrop, winter greenhouse.

Look at the video: do-it-yourself greenhouse with a polycarbonate house

Watch the video: Part 2 - Bespoke Greenhouse - adding the greenhouse to the base (August 2022).