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For lovers of early harvests - potatoes "Bryansk delicacy": a description of the variety and characteristics

For lovers of early harvests - potatoes



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Potatoes Bryansk Delikates is a promising and interesting variety that will surely appeal to connoisseurs of early fruitful potatoes.

He is not very sensitive to diseases, quickly and amicably sets tubers. The harvested crop is excellently stored, suitable for sale or industrial processing.

You will find a detailed description of the variety, its main characteristics, cultivation features and photos later in the article.

Potatoes Bryansk delicacy: variety description

Variety nameBryansk delicacy
general characteristicstable variety, tolerates transportation and mechanical damage well
Ripening period70-80 days
Starch content15-18%
Mass of marketable tubers70-120 gr
The number of tubers in the bush12-15
Yield160-300 c / ha
Consumer qualitiesexcellent taste, high in amino acids, beta-carotene and protein
Keeping quality94%
Peel coloryellow
Pulp colorlight yellow
Preferred growing regionsCentral
Disease resistanceresistant to potato crayfish, nematode, striped mosaic, leaf curling
Growing featuresstandard agricultural technology
OriginatorAll-Russian Research Institute of Potato Economy named after A.G. Lorkha (Russia)

Characteristics

The potato variety Bryansk Delikates belongs to the mid-early table. The yield is good, depending on the climate and nutrient content of the soil, from 160 to 300 quintals of selected potatoes can be harvested from 1 hectare.

The maximum recorded yield is 300 centners per hectare... The harvested potatoes are well stored, without losing their marketable qualities for a long time. Long distance transportation is possible.

Bushes of medium size, rather spreading, with abundant green mass. The leaves are large, dark green, with slightly wavy edges and well-defined veins.

Corollas are very small, collected from white, small, rapidly falling flowers. Low berry formation. The root system is powerful, 12-15 selected tubers appear under each bush.

The amount of non-marketable fines is minimal, ugly roots are almost not formed. Depending on the growing conditions, the marketability of tubers ranges from 89 to 98%.

And in the table below you can see what the yield and the percentage of marketability of tubers in other potato varieties are:

Variety nameProductivity (kg / ha)Marketability of tubers (%)
Lemon195-32096
Melody180-64095
Margarita300-40096
Aladdin450-50094
Courage160-43091
Beauty400-45094
Grenada60097
Hostess180-38095

Planting care is simple. Potatoes prefers light fertile soils with a lot of sand or black soil.

It is necessary to plant tubers after the soil has completely warmed up; frequent hilling, moderate watering is recommended. The variety reacts well to feeding, it is possible to alternate mineral complexes with organic matter. How and when to apply fertilizer, as well as how to do it during planting, read in separate articles on our website.

Variety resistant to many dangerous diseases: potato crayfish, golden cyst nematode, leaf-roll virus or banded mosaic, rhizoctoniae. And unfavorable conditions are possible infection with late blight of leaves, tubers rarely suffer from late blight.

Potatoes has a pleasant rich taste... It does not boil soft and does not darken during cutting, retaining its neat shape and a pleasant yellowish tint.

Tubers are versatile; they can be boiled, fried, baked, stuffed, mashed or sliced ​​fries. Potatoes are also good for industrial processing, making excellent crispy chips. It all depends on the amount of starch in the tubers, which this variety contains from 15 to 18%.

The amount of starch in potato tubers of other varieties:

Variety nameStarch
Lady Claire12-16%
Innovatorup to 15%
Labella13-15%
Bellarosa12-16%
Riviera12-16%
Karatop11-15%
Veneta13-15%
Gala14-16%
Zhukovsky early10-12%
Lorch15-20%

Origin

Variety Bryansk Delikates bred by Russian breeders. Included in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 2002. Zoned for the Central region, but can be grown in any area with a temperate or warm climate.

Planting in industrial fields, breeding in farms and private subsidiary plots is possible. Potatoes are suitable for sale or industrial processing. Root vegetables are well stored, seed material is not prone to degeneration.

A photo

The photo shows potatoes Bryansk Delicacy:

Advantages and disadvantages

Among main advantages varieties:

  • excellent taste of tubers;
  • early amicable ripening;
  • the harvested crop is well stored;
  • good commercial quality of root crops;
  • not damaged when digging;
  • high productivity;
  • the possibility of industrial processing;
  • resistance to major diseases.

There were no shortcomings in the variety.

Growing features

Before planting, the tubers must be pickled, dried, processed by growth stimulants... Germination in the light or in wet sawdust is recommended.

It is better to plant medium-sized whole roots that are not damaged by pests and not affected by diseases. Non-commodity trifles will not be able to provide a good harvest. Cutting the potatoes is not recommended; it can rot before sprouting.

Before planting, the soil is loosened, plant residues are selected from it, which can become a breeding ground for bacteria and pest larvae. Old humus, wood ash or a small amount of superphosphate are introduced into the soil.

Bushes are placed at a distance of 30-35 cm from each other, row spacings 60-70 cm wide are required. To maintain a normal moisture level, they can be mulch with cut grass... This will eliminate weeds and help control pests.

You can dig in the first tubers already 45 days after germination. In regions with warm long summers, it is possible to plant potatoes twice.

At the same time, tubers collected at the beginning of the growing season are less keeping quality, it is advisable to use them for food immediately after digging up.

To collect the most promising planting material, the most developed and strong bushes are marked in advance with bright ribbons. Plants should not be sick or affected by pests. The dug out tubers are stored separately, non-marketable trifles are discarded.

The harvested potatoes must be thoroughly dried directly in the field or under a shed. Potatoes for sale can be packaged immediately after drying.

We bring to your attention a series of useful materials about other methods of growing potatoes: under straw, in bags, in barrels, Dutch technologies.

Diseases and pests

Variety is enough resistant to major diseases of nightshade... It is rarely affected by potato crayfish, scab, golden cyst nematode, rhizoctonia disease.

Early ripening saves tubers from late blight, but this disease can affect plant leaves. In the event of an epidemic, plantings can be sprayed with medicinal preparations.

For prevention, the tubers are pickled, and the soil is spilled with disinfectants before planting. Young bushes will be protected from black legs by the introduction of wood ash.

Young fresh tops attract pests. Most often, plants are affected by Colorado beetles, aphids, and spider mites. Timely weeding and mulching of row spacings with straw or cut grass will help get rid of parasites.

The wireworm (the larvae of the click beetle) causes very great harm to the plantings. Correct crop rotation saves from it. Every 2-3 years the potato planting sites need to be changed.... The vacated areas are sown with oil radish or phacelia.

The potato variety Bryansk Delikates fully justifies its name. The tubers are very tasty and beautiful, they are suitable for industrial processing and preparation of various dishes. Seed material does not degenerate, it can be harvested for subsequent planting for many years.

We also invite you to get acquainted with other varieties that have a wide variety of ripening periods:

SuperearlyEarly ripeMedium early
FarmerBellarosaInnovator
MinervaTimoPretty boy
KirandaSpringAmerican
KaratopArosaCrown
JuvelImpalaManifesto
MeteorZorachkaElizabeth
Zhukovsky earlyColetteVega
RivieraKamenskyTiras


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