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Pepper is one of the most popular crops. In temperate climates, it is grown in greenhouses or in the ground under a film. In order for the plants to grow strong and give a harvest as quickly as possible, it is important to plant seedlings on time.
Experienced gardeners never buy it on the market. Self-grown seedlings of your favorite variety are distinguished by better survival rate, they are stronger and not susceptible to disease.
Today we'll talk about how to grow pepper seedlings at home? The step-by-step instructions are given below.
Growing pepper seedlings at home
Let's discuss in more detail how to grow pepper seedlings at home?
For peppers you need to make up a light nutritious substrate from turf or garden soilmixed with humus, peat and a small amount of washed sand. It is not worth taking land from a greenhouse or from a flower bed, the best option is the soil on which the herbs grew.
The lighter the substrate, the better the seeds germinate. Before planting seeds, it is recommended to ignite the soil to destroy insect larvae.
Growing pepper seedlings from seeds. You can plant seeds in containers or peat pots. Before planting, the seeds are treated with a growth stimulant and soaked to swell.
Pepper does not tolerate transplanting and picking well; it will have to be transferred to a new place of residence (in a greenhouse or in the ground) using the transshipment method. The fragile root system is easily damaged and difficult to recover.
A convenient option for growing peppers for seedlings at home is pieces of plastic film, which gardeners themselves call "diapers". Growing in "diapers" is very economical, shoots develop well, moisture does not stagnate in the soil. In this way, you can grow good and healthy seedlings without picking.
The manufacturing process is simple. The thick plastic is cut into rectangles the size of a notebook sheet. A portion of the prepared soil is laid out on each workpiece, a pepper seed is placed in it. Plastic with soil is rolled up in the form of a cylinder, the process is a bit like swaddling a baby.
The lower part of the workpiece is tucked tightly, a clerical elastic is put on the upper part to fix it. The resulting cups are tightly placed in a deep tray. If several varieties are planted, it is worth marking each glass and entering the name of the variety in a notebook.
Before transplanting, it is enough to remove the rubber band from the plastic cup, remove the film and place the earthen lump in the prepared hole. With this method, the root system is not injured, seedlings take root in a new place without problems, do not get sick and develop well.
You can clearly see how pepper seedlings are grown in the photo below:
Kitchen garden on the windowsill
How to properly grow pepper seedlings at home? A very important point is the correct placement of plantings at home. Pepper shoots usually exposed on the windowsill of the south, south-east or south-west window... To create the optimal atmosphere, it is best to cover the window with plastic wrap on both sides. This technique will provide a greenhouse effect, the plants will not suffer from drafts.
You can ventilate an improvised greenhouse using a window, opening it at a strictly defined time.
At what temperature are pepper seedlings grown? For seed germination optimal temperature from 25 to 28 degrees... When sprouts appear on the surface of the soil, the temperature should be reduced to 22-25 degrees.
How to harden pepper seedlings? Some gardeners recommend short-term hardening with a temperature drop of up to 20 degrees. This temperature regime lasts no more than 2 days after the emergence of sprouts, then the temperature rises.
The atmosphere in a window greenhouse must be stable. A decrease in temperature inhibits development, and excessive heat can cause the death of the sprouts. It is strictly forbidden to put boxes with seedlings on the battery or in the immediate vicinity of it. Strong overheating dries out the soil and roots.
Secrets of proper cultivation
How to properly grow pepper seedlings at home? Growing peppers need a short day of light, while they love bright lighting.
To ensure the desired mode, lamps for illumination are mounted on the window. At 19 o'clock the container with the seedlings is covered with an opaque breathable material, in the morning it is removed. As a result, the seedlings develop well and do not outgrow.
At home, pepperoften affected by mites, aphids and other pests... Effective bio-protection means (for example, Fitoferm) will help to destroy insects. You can replace purchased preparations with infusion of calendula, garlic, pine needles or onion peels. Affected plants are sprayed with a spray bottle, the procedure is repeated until the pests are completely destroyed.
Only completely healthy and strong plants can be planted in a greenhouse or in open ground. Transhipment together with an earthen clod is carried out, when the earth warms up to 15 degrees... Preliminary spilling of the wells with hot water helps to improve survival.
Watering and fertilizing
Immediately after sowing, the soil in the container or pots is moistened with a spray bottle. When sprouts appear on the surface of the soil, you can start watering from a spoon. You cannot pour seedlings, stagnation of moisture in the soil causes rotting of the roots and the appearance of a "black leg".
For irrigation, warm, settled water is used. Ideal if the water temperature is the same as the air temperature. Cold watering is excludedthis can cause shock and plant death.
You need to water the grown seedlings twice a week, making sure that the soil does not dry out. If the leaves begin to fade, it is worth spraying with warm water. An aqueous solution of a growth stimulant will also help improve the condition of the seedlings. Watering with a stimulant is useful immediately after seed germination and after the formation of 2-3 true leaves.
When the first true leaf appears on the plants, you can start mineral dressing.
An aqueous solution of complex fertilizers is applied to the soil. After the appearance of the third leaf, feeding is repeated. Potassium humate has a positive effect on root development.
After transplanting peppers into a greenhouse or into the ground, fertilizers are applied twice a month. Watering takes place in the usual mode for seedlings, 2 times a week.
To maintain optimal moisture content and avoid crust formation on the soil surface, it is better to mulch the soil with humus, straw, peat or sawdust.
The age of the seedlings is very important for the future harvest. Overgrown peppers should not be planted in a greenhouse or garden bed.... In order to get the right size and development of seedlings, it is important to accurately calculate the seed sowing time. Having paid attention to all the little things, the gardener can count on good plant development, timely formation of ovaries and abundant fruiting.
So, the main topic of the article is pepper seedlings: how to grow them strong and healthy? We discussed the main points of growing, and also gave advice on how to grow peppers from seeds at home for seedlings?
Read other articles on pepper seedlings:
- How to grow black peppercorns, chili, bitter or sweet at home?
- The main reasons why the leaves of the shoots curl and the seedlings fall or stretch out.
- Planting dates in the regions of Russia and the peculiarities of cultivation in the Urals, Siberia and the Moscow region.
- Learn recipes for yeast-based fertilizers.
Step-by-step instructions for growing pepper seedlings: