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If you still have not decided which variety of tomatoes to plant on your site, pay attention to the "Raisin" tomatoes.
They produce excellent yields and are suitable for all regions. They can be preserved and consumed fresh.
In this article, we will give a detailed description of the variety, introduce you to its characteristics, tell you about disease resistance and cultivation features.
Tomato "Raisin": description of the variety and characteristics
|general description||Early maturing, determinant tomato variety|
|Originator||LLC "Agrofirma Aelita"|
|Ripening period||80-90 days|
|Average weight of tomatoes||80-120 grams|
|Application||Universal. Suitable for baby and diet food|
|Variety yield||up to 5 kg per bush|
|Growing features||Standard agricultural technology|
|Disease resistance||Resistant to major diseases of nightshade|
This plant is determinant, like a bush - not a standard plant. The stem is thick, strongly leafy, no more than 50 cm high. From this article you can learn everything about indeterminate varieties.
The leaves are medium in size and dark green in color. The structure is wrinkled, without pubescence. The rhizome is powerful, grows violently, without depressions, its size can exceed 50 cm. The inflorescence is simple, intermediate.
It is laid over 6 - 7 leaves, then goes through 1. There are many fruits in the inflorescence. The peduncle is articulated. Tomato "Izuminka" is an early ripening plant, fruit ripening occurs on the 80th day after germination of seedlings. Resistant to fusarium, tobacco mosaic.
Cultivation is possible in the open field, in greenhouses, greenhouses and under the film.
The shape is rounded with an elongation at the end (heart-shaped). Medium size, weight 80-120 g. The skin is smooth, dense. The color of ripe fruits is pink, unripe - the usual pale green. There are many seeds, distributed over 3-4 chambers. The amount of dry matter is increased. Plucked fruits are stored for a long time, transportation takes place without consequences. Store the tomato crop in a dry and dark place.
For comparison, the table below shows data on the weight of fruits in other varieties of tomatoes:
|Variety name||Fruit weight|
|Fat jack||240-320 grams|
|Black bunch||50-70 grams|
|American ribbed||300-600 grams|
|The president||250-300 grams|
Russian breeders took part in breeding the variety, the originator is Agrofirma Aelita LLC. Included in the State Register of the Russian Federation for growing in open and closed ground in 2008. Grown in all regions of the country and nearby areas. In the northern regions, cultivation in closed ground or with a temporary shelter is preferable.
By the way of use, it is universal. Delicious sweetish fruits are suitable for salads, sandwiches, hot dishes, sauces. Due to the high solids content, they do not crack during whole-fruit canning... For the same reason, they are not suitable for juice production. Despite the small size of the fruits, the yield is excellent, about 9 kg per 1 sq. Up to 5 kg per plant.
You can see the yield of other varieties in the table:
|Zest||up to 5 kg per bush|
|Olya-la||20-22 kg per square meter|
|Nastenka||10-12 kg per square meter|
|King of Kings||5 kg per bush|
|Banana red||3 kg per bush|
|Gulliver||7 kg per bush|
|Brown sugar||6-7 kg per square meter|
|Lady Shedi||7.5 kg per square meter|
|Rocket||6.5 kg per square meter|
|Pink Lady||25 kg per square meter|
Advantages and disadvantages
Has the following advantages:
- early maturity;
- bountiful harvest;
- high taste;
- long storage;
- disease resistance.
Disadvantages are not significant, seen in isolated cases.
A special feature is amicable shoots and fruit ripening. Loose fertile soils should be used for planting. Seeds of tomatoes "Raisin" require disinfection, a weak solution of potassium permanganate is suitable. Planting is carried out in disinfected soil to a depth of 1-2 cm in mid-March. The distance between plants is about 2 cm.
For faster germination of seedlings, immediately after planting, the soil is watered with warm water, the container is covered with polyethylene or thin glass to form sufficient moisture. Growth stimulants can be used. After pecking the sprouts, the cover is removed. Picking into peat or paper (any other) containers of about 300 ml during the formation of 2 well-developed sheets. Feeding is required several times. Watering as needed.
ATTENTION! When watering, do not let water get on the leaves, they will start to hurt.
2 weeks before disembarking to a permanent place, the seedlings must be accustomed to weather conditions - open the vents for several hours a day.
Seedlings aged 50-70 days with a growth of about 25 cm are planted in a permanent place - in a greenhouse or open ground, in the absence of frost. Planting scheme - checkerboard or two-row, the distance between plants is about 50 cm.
It is very important to use the correct type of soil for planting tomatoes in the greenhouse. Read on our website how to prepare such a soil yourself.
Every 10 days, fertilizing, mulching, loosening are carried out. Grafting and removal of the bottom sheets is carried out every one and a half weeks. Formation of a bush - 1-2 stems. Tying is required. Vertical or horizontal trellises, individual supports are used. The garter requires ribbons of synthetic material that does not rot.
- Organic, mineral, complex, phosphoric, ready-made, TOP of the best.
- Yeast, ash, iodine, hydrogen peroxide, ammonia, boric acid.
- For seedlings, when picking, foliar.
Diseases and pests
For late blight, a solution of copper sulfate is used (10 g per bucket of water). There are other methods of protection against this disease, as well as varieties that are resistant to it. Iziuminka has strong immunity to fusarium, alternaria, verticillium and tobacco mosaic, but seeds and soil are disinfected to prevent them.
There are special preparations for pests - insecticides. All spraying is carried out no more than once a week. Most often, tomatoes are threatened by Colorado beetles and their larvae, aphids, thrips, spider mites and slugs. On our site you will find a lot of useful information on how to combat them:
- How to get rid of aphids and thrips.
- Modern methods of dealing with the Colorado potato beetle.
- How to effectively resist spider mites.
- Proven ways to get rid of slugs.
Finally, we suggest watching a video about the Iziuminka tomatoes:
Raisin tomatoes are a variety suitable for beautiful canning. Delicious fruits are worthy to grow.
In the table below you will find links to tomato varieties with different ripening periods:
|Early ripe||Mid late||Medium early|
|Pink fleshy||Yellow banana||Pink King F1|
|King of the early||F1 slot||Cardinal|
|Red dome||gold fish||Siberian miracle|
|Union 8||Raspberry miracle||Bear Paw|
|Icicle red||De Barao red||Bells of Russia|
|Honey cream||De Barao black||Lev Tolstoy|