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Finding out how to plant peppers for seedlings in peat pots: preparation for planting, transplanting rules, tips for planting young plants

Finding out how to plant peppers for seedlings in peat pots: preparation for planting, transplanting rules, tips for planting young plants


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The weak root system of peppers does not tolerate picking and transplanting well.

In order not to injure young plants, it is better to grow them in individual pots.

These can be peat containers that move into the ground along with the seedlings, or roomy ceramic and plastic pots for growing at home.

How to plant peppers for seedlings in peat pots?

Varieties and hybrids of sweet peppers are suitable for home cultivation.forming compact, not too tall bushes (from 40 to 70 cm). Such peppers can be both small-fruited and large-fruited. Varieties with small, thick-walled fruits are especially decorative.

At the stage of physiological ripeness they become bright red, pale yellow, orange, pink or brownish brown... For growing pepper seedlings in peat pots, miniature forms that form bushes 10-30 cm high are perfect.

Pepper seedlings can be sown in containers, but individual peat pots are much more convenient... The grown plants are moved to the ground or to the greenhouse directly in the peat container. The roots are not injured, the displaced plant does not stagnate and forms ovaries faster.

Additional benefits of pots include:

  • availability;
  • breathability, ensuring the normal development of plants;
  • variety of sizes.

Sowing time of seedlings depends on the variety. Early ripe peppers are planted in the ground at the age of 65 days, late ripening peppers grow up to 75 days.

It is important to ensure the correct temperature regime and organize abundant, but not excessive watering.

In which pots to plant peppers for seedlings? Suitable for sowing seeds average pot volume... They are filled with a light soil mixture of equal parts of garden soil and old compost. For greater nutritional value, superphosphate and wood ash can be added to the substrate. The soil is thoroughly mixed and slightly crushed.

Pre-soaked seeds fit into each container with a depth of 1.5 cm... Plantings can be sprayed with warm water from a spray bottle, after which the cups are tightly set in a tall container. To prevent them from tipping over, you can use a special tray with clamps for the bottoms.

Can peppers dive two into one pot? Yes, that's even preferable. When shoots appear, you can remove the weaker, and leave the strong for further cultivation. The method helps to avoid a traumatic pick, the plant spends the entire seedling cycle in a peat pot.

To accelerate germination the pots can be covered with glass or a damp cloth... After the emergence of plant shoots watered with warm, settled water 1 time in 5 days... It is important not to flood young seedlings, the pots should keep their shape without getting wet.

The ideal temperature for germination is 26-28 degrees, after the sprouts appear, the temperature is reduced by 4-5 degrees. For successful development, young peppers are exposed to bright light; in the cold season, the plants are recommended to be supplemented with electric lamps.

Transplanting pepper seedlings into pots, when to do it? After 2.5-3 months, young peppers are ready for transplanting.... They can be moved to a greenhouse, outdoors, or transplanted into a roomy pot for home growing.

Home & Garden Pots: Which To Choose?

A variety of flowerpots and pots are great options for placing peppers. Plants can be placed on a loggia or veranda, or even taken out into the garden.

With regular feeding and careful watering, adult fruit-bearing peppers will feel quite comfortable.

The most economical option is plastic pots... They are inexpensive, easy to clean, there are products of different colors and volumes on sale. For one compact bush, a volume of 5 liters is sufficient. In more voluminous flowerpots, you can plant 2 or even 3 plants.

Small ornamental peppers can be planted in small containers up to 3 liters. The shape of the pots can be any: cylindrical, round or square. Some gardeners use suitable utensils as containers, such as basins, deep pots or buckets.

When choosing a container, it is important to remember: the smaller the pot, the faster the soil dries out... Plants in small pots will need to be watered more frequently. For home cultivation, it is worth choosing containers with a hole and a deep tray for water drainage. This will help avoid stagnant moisture in the soil, which peppers do not like very much.

Growing rules

How to plant peppers for seedlings in peat pots? Before transplant new pots are thoroughly washed and soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate... Used pots can not be washed, it is enough to free them from old soil and fill them with fresh soil based on humus. A drainage layer can be laid out at the bottom of the tanks: pebbles or expanded clay... In very large flowerpots, only half of the ground can be changed.

It is not recommended to plant young seedlings in soil in which peppers have already grown.

Filling the pots with purchased soil is not worth it. It consists almost entirely of peat, which is poor in nutrients and does not retain water. If necessary, the finished substrate can be mixed with turf and garden soil. It is worth adding a little superphosphate or ash to the soil.... Some gardeners also add crushed charcoal.

A hole is dug in the soil, corresponding to the size of a peat pot. A plant moves into it and is covered with earth.

The edges of the peat container should not rise above the ground surface. After transplanting, the peppers are watered with warm water.... In the early days, it is better to shade the transplanted plants from too bright sun.

The big advantage of pots is mobility. They can be rearranged anywhere in the balcony, veranda or garden. On especially hot days, the peppers shift to partial shade, but the plants should spend most of the day in the sun. Peppers very photophilous, with a lack of ultraviolet radiation, they stretch, the leaves curl and shrink, and the fruits are not tied.

It is best to place the pots on the south, southeast, or southwest side.

It is important to keep an eye on the temperature. On warm days, open windows or expose plants to the air. With the onset of frost, the peppers are brought into the apartment or onto the glazed veranda. Peppers do not like cooling below 15 degrees, the optimum temperature for them is 20-25 degrees during the day and 18-20 at night.

Peppers love moisture and need abundant watering with soft, settled water room temperature. It is not recommended to water the bushes at the root, the best option is to irrigate the soil in a pot from a fine-mesh watering can. Mulching with humus, sawdust or walnut husks will help preserve moisture in the soil.

Fertilizers are also worth taking care of. Potted soil is quickly depleted for normal fruiting, a more nutritious soil is required... Twice a month, plants are watered with an aqueous solution of complex fertilizers. Peppers love nitrogen-containing complexes, but they cannot be abused so as not to inhibit flowering.

The grown bushes need support. The tying peg is best placed in a container when transplanting a young plant. Pushing the support into the ground later can injure the roots.

Peppers in pots, placed in the apartment or on the balcony, can suffer from insect pests: aphids, spider mites... The reason is too dry air, overcrowding of plants, insufficient watering.

For prevention, the pots must be placed at a distance from each other. Plants need to be sprayed frequently with warm water.

Water infusions of bio-preparations purchased in gardening stores will help get rid of the insects that have appeared. An effective replacement is infusions of onion husks, calendula or yarrow. Spraying is carried out until the complete elimination of parasites. Bio-preparations are non-toxic and safe for fruiting plants.

Peppers are self-pollinating crops and do not need pollinating insects... Some gardeners periodically shake the flower pot or run a cotton swab over the flowers to stimulate the early formation of ovaries.

At home, peppers can bear fruit until winter. The fruits are cut with a sharp knife at the stage of technical or physiological ripeness. Abundant watering, bright lighting and feeding should be maintained throughout the entire fruiting period. When the ovaries stop forming, the plant can be sent to rest.

Potted peppers are a great alternative to expensive greenhouses. The yield of such plants is higher than that of those growing in the open field. In addition, potted maintenance prolongs the fruiting period and is very inexpensive to maintain. Having tried this kind of cultivation, many vegetable growers in the future completely switch to planting peppers for seedlings in peat pots, freeing up space in greenhouses for other crops.

Useful materials

Read other articles on pepper seedlings:

  • How to grow black peppercorns, chili, bitter at home?
  • What are growth stimulants and how to use them?
  • The main reasons why seedlings fall and die.


Watch the video: Fix Leggy Seedlings (July 2022).


Comments:

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  2. Enrico

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  3. Lidmann

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  4. Muwaffaq

    In it something is. Thanks for the help in this question.



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