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Dark-fruited tomatoes are always of interest. They look unusual, have a delicate pleasant taste, are suitable for preparing salads, juices, decorating dishes.
Several bushes of the popular Black Russian variety, planted in a greenhouse or open ground, will diversify the collection of tomatoes and will delight you with a good harvest.
Tomato "Black Russian": variety description
|Variety name||Black Russian|
|general description||Mid-season indeterminate variety|
|Ripening period||100-110 days|
|The form||Flat-rounded or heart-shaped, with slight ribbing at the peduncle|
|Average weight of tomatoes||300-400 grams|
|Variety yield||4-5 kg per bush|
|Growing features||Standard agricultural technology|
|Disease resistance||Sensitive to viruses and fungi|
The variety belongs to the old classic, bred by English breeders. Recommended for growing in glazed greenhouses and film greenhouses; in warm regions, tomatoes can be planted in open ground. The harvested fruits are well stored, they can be plucked in the technical ripeness phase for ripening at room temperature.
Black Russian is a mid-season high-yielding variety. The bush is indeterminate, tall and spreading, with abundant green mass. In the greenhouse, the plants reach a height of 1.8 m, in open beds the bushes are more compact, up to 1.2 m high. Stitching and fastening to a solid support are required. The leaf is dark green, medium-sized. Fruits ripen in clusters of 3-5 pcs. The yield depends on the growing conditions, it can reach 4-5 kg per bush.
Advantages and disadvantages
Among the main advantages of the variety:
- very tasty delicious fruits;
- good productivity;
- undemanding care;
- tomatoes are well stored, transportation is possible.
Among the disadvantages can be noted the need to form a bush.
You can compare the yield of the variety with others in the table:
|Black Russian||4-5 kg per bush|
|Marissa||20-24 kg per square meter|
|Sugar cream||8 kg per square meter|
|Friend F1||8-10 kg per square meter|
|Siberian early maturing||6-7 kg per square meter|
|Golden stream||8-10 kg per square meter|
|Pride of Siberia||23-25 kg per square meter|
|Liang||2-3 kg per bush|
|The miracle of the lazy||8 kg per square meter|
|President 2||5 kg per bush|
|Leopold||3-4 kg per bush|
- The fruits are large, weighing from 300 to 400g.
- The shape is flat-rounded or heart-shaped, with slight ribbing at the peduncle.
- During ripening, the fruits change color from light green to a beautiful burgundy chocolate.
- Tomatoes have a large number of seed chambers, the pulp is juicy, fleshy, and has a pleasant sweet taste.
- High content of sugars, amino acids and vitamins.
Juicy fleshy fruits are ideal for fresh consumption, they are used to prepare salads, mashed potatoes, sauces. From ripe fruits, a sweet thick juice of an unusual shade is obtained.
You can compare the weight of the variety with others in the table:
|Variety name||Fruit weight|
|Black Russian||300-400 grams|
|Market King||300 grams|
|Honey heart||120-140 grams|
|The Tsar Bell||up to 800 grams|
|Golden heart||100-200 grams|
Below are some photos of the Black Russian tomato variety:
Seeds are sown in the second half of March. Before planting, they can be treated with a growth stimulant for better germination. The soil is made up of a mixture of garden soil with humus.
Advice: It is preferable to use the land in which the grown seedlings will be planted in the future. It is taken from the beds where legumes, cabbage, and herbs grew. Do not use eggplant or pepper soil.
The seeds are sown with a slight deepening, the plantings are sprayed with water, covered with foil and placed in a warm place. After sprouting, tomatoes need bright sunlight or artificial light, moderate watering with warm water and a temperature of 20 to 22 degrees. When the first true leaves appear on the seedlings, it is dived and fed with liquid complex fertilizer.
The transfer begins in the second half of May or early June. The soil is mixed with humus, wood ash is laid out on the holes (1 tablespoon per plant). For 1 sq. m can accommodate 3 plants. They need to be watered in moderation, only with warm, settled water. Tomatoes are sensitive to feeding. Before flowering, nitrogen-containing complexes are preferred; after the formation of ovaries, the bushes are fed with magnesium sulfate or sprayed with an aqueous solution of superphosphate.
To improve the quality of fruits, tomatoes are formed into 2-3 stems, removing the side stepsons above the third brush. To speed up the formation of ovaries, pinching off excess flowers on the brushes, as well as removing the lower leaves, will help. Be sure to tie to stakes or trellises.
Diseases and pests
Older tomato varieties are susceptible to viral and fungal diseases. Preventive measures will help to save them. Before planting, the earth is spilled with a solution of potassium permanganate or copper sulfate.
In the intervals between watering, the soil is loosened; for the prevention of root rot, it can be mulched with humus or peat. During the late blight epidemic, plantings are treated with medicinal preparations.
Insect pests can be fought with the help of industrial insecticides, as well as home remedies: infusion of celandine or onion peels, a solution of ammonia or laundry soap.
Large-fruited, easy-to-care tomatoes of the Black Russian variety are excellent for home gardens. Seeds for subsequent plantings can be collected independently, from ripe fruits.
We offer you to watch a video clip about varieties of black tomatoes:
|Mid-season||Medium early||Late ripening|
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