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The Altai tomato variety is a good choice for lovers of variety. In the garden, you can plant as many as three varieties of these tomatoes - red, pink or orange.
High-yielding, with excellent taste and aroma, they will become a real decoration of your garden and table.
And in our article you will find a detailed description of the variety, get acquainted with its characteristics, learn everything about the features of cultivation, propensity to disease and pest damage.
Altai tomatoes: variety description
|general description||Late-ripening, indeterminate, large-fruited variety for greenhouses.|
|Ripening period||110-115 days|
|The form||Fruits are flat-round, large, of medium density.|
|Color||The color of ripe fruits is red, pink or orange, depending on the variety.|
|Average weight of tomatoes||250-350 grams|
|Application||Good fresh, suitable for juices and sauces.|
|Variety yield||4 kg per bush|
|Growing features||Scheme - 50-40 cm. 3-4 plants per 1 sq. M.|
|Disease resistance||Sufficiently resistant to the main diseases of the nightshade. Rarely affected by fusarosis, verticillosis, tobacco mosaic|
Altai is a high-yielding late-ripening hybrid. From emergence to maturation, 110-115 days pass. The bush is indeterminate, tall, moderately leafy. The height of an adult plant is about 150 cm. The leaves are large, simple, dark green. The inflorescences are simple. Fruits ripen in clusters of 4-6 pieces.
The fruiting period is extended, tomatoes can be harvested from mid-summer until frost. Fruits are medium in size, weighing from 250 to 300 g. The weight of individual specimens reaches 500 g. The shape is flat-rounded, with a slight ribbing at the stalk. Tomatoes are fleshy, juicy, with tender pulp that melts in the mouth.
You can compare the weight of tomatoes of this variety with others in the table below:
|Variety name||Fruit weight (grams)|
The number of seed chambers is from 3 to 6. The skin is thin, but dense, well protecting the fruit from cracking.
The color of ripe tomatoes depends on the variety. Altai red tomato has warm red fruits. The skin is shiny, thin. The taste is bright, intensely sweet, with a barely noticeable sourness. The fruits are rich in lycopene, amino acids and beta-carotene. The high content of sugars and dry matter makes it possible to recommend the fruits for baby and dietetic nutrition.
- Altai pink tomatoes are colored warm pink, the flesh has the same shade. Excellent taste, fruits are sweet, juicy, not watery.
- Pink tomatoes are very tender and are suitable for people who are allergic to traditional red tomatoes. Altai orange tomatoes are distinguished by juicy orange-yellow fruits.
- Bright orange pulp is sweet with subtle fruity notes. Ideal for juices and purees.
Origin and application
The Altai tomato variety was bred by Russian breeders. Recommended for growing in open ground and under a film, in glass and polycarbonate greenhouses. The harvested fruits are well stored, transportation is possible.
Tomatoes are used for hobby or industrial cultivation and are excellent for sale. Picked green tomatoes ripen quickly at room temperature. Altai red, pink and orange tomatoes are of the salad type. Fleshy, juicy fruits are tasty fresh, they are used for making sandwiches, sauces, soups, mashed potatoes.
Ripe tomatoes make a delicious sweet juice that can be drunk freshly squeezed or harvested for future use. Three varieties of tomatoes can be used to make delicious and beautiful assorted vegetables, tomatoes are salted and pickled. They go well with other vegetables: cucumbers, peppers, cauliflower.
Advantages and disadvantages
Among the main advantages of the variety:
- color variety of fruits;
- good productivity;
- excellent taste of tomatoes;
- easy care;
- tolerance for the vagaries of the weather;
- resistance to major diseases.
The features include the need to form and tie up a bush. The variety is sensitive to the nutritional value of the soil, with insufficient feeding, the yield decreases.
You can compare the yield of Altai with other varieties in the table below:
|Altaic||4 kg per bush|
|De Barao the giant||20-22 kg per bush|
|Polbig||4 kg per square meter|
|Sweet bunch||2.5-3.2 kg per square meter|
|Red bunch||10 kg per bush|
|Summer resident||4 kg per bush|
|Fat jack||5-6 kg per bush|
|Pink Lady||25 kg per square meter|
|Countryman||18 kg per bush|
|Batianya||6 kg per bush|
|Golden jubilee||15-20 kg per square meter|
Altai tomatoes are best grown in seedlings. Before sowing, the seeds are disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate, washed with clean water and dried. After that, the seed can be treated with a growth stimulant, which significantly increases germination.
Seedling soil is made up of a mixture of garden soil with humus or peat. It is possible to add a small portion of washed river sand, superphosphate and wood ash. Seeds are sown in containers or peat cups with a shallow depth, sprinkled with peat and sprayed with water. Mini greenhouses can be used.
The use of individual containers will avoid subsequent picking. Landings are covered with foil and placed in heat. For seed germination, a temperature of at least 25 degrees is needed. You need to plant tomatoes in beds that were occupied by legumes, cabbage, lettuce, carrots or other cruciferous plants.
It is undesirable to use the soil in which eggplants, physalis or peppers were grown. If there is no other option (for example, when using a shared greenhouse), it is recommended to replace the topsoil by thoroughly mixing it with peat or humus. Read how to prepare greenhouse soil here.
The soil is loosened before planting. Tomatoes are planted in holes located at a distance of 40 to 50 cm from each other. Required row spacing 70-80 cm wide. Superphosphate mixed with potassium salts or wood ash is laid out on the holes (1 tbsp. Spoon per plant).
When transplanting, supports are installed next to each bush: strong stakes or metal rods. It is possible to use rope trellises, to which you need to tie the stems and branches with fruits. Water the tomatoes as the top layer of the soil dries up, with warm, settled water. In the intervals between waterings, the soil is loosened so that a hard crust does not form on it, which impedes the access of oxygen.
During the season, 3-4 feeding is carried out with full complex fertilizer or organic matter (diluted mullein or bird droppings). Root and extra-root dressings are possible, for example, spraying with superphosphate diluted in water.
A very important point is the formation of bushes. Tomatoes lead in 1-2 stems, removing stepchildren above the third cluster. If the stem is too elongated, you can pinch the growing point.
It is recommended to remove the lower leaves on the plants, this will improve air exchange and access to sunlight for the fruits. Many gardeners pinch off small or deformed flowers on the brushes so that future fruits are larger.
Look at the photo below - Altai pink, red, orange tomatoes:
Diseases and pests
The Altai tomato variety is quite resistant to the main diseases of the nightshade. It is rarely affected by fusarosis, verticillosis, tobacco mosaic. For prevention, it is recommended to spill the soil with a solution of potassium permanganate or copper sulfate. Copper preparations help against phytophthora.
To prevent fungal diseases, apical and root rot, you need to carefully loosen the soil, removing weeds. Mulching the soil with straw, peat or humus will also help. It is useful to spray plantings with phytosporin or other non-toxic bio-preparation. Read about other disease control measures here.
In the open field, pests threaten tomatoes. During the flowering period, the plant is attacked by a spider mite, whitefly, thrips, later a bear, Colorado beetles, and naked slugs appear. A weekly inspection of the landings will help to detect uninvited guests.
For preventive purposes, spraying with a weak solution of potassium permanganate is recommended. Industrial insecticides help from spider mites, but they can be used only before the beginning of fruiting. Later, toxic compositions are replaced with proven folk remedies: a decoction of celandine or onion peel.
Slugs, bear, Colorado potato beetle larvae are harvested by hand, and the plants are sprayed with an aqueous solution of ammonia. Stems affected by aphids are washed with warm soapy water, preventing it from getting on the soil.
Choosing Altai varieties of tomatoes, you can be sure of the high quality of the crop. With proper care, plants bear fruit throughout the season, delighting in color and flavor diversity. Seeds for subsequent planting can be collected independently, from ripe tomatoes.
Watch the video: a quick overview of tomato varieties and hybrids
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