We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Many people like black-fruited tomato varieties, although there are many opponents of an unnatural color. The black color of the fruit is given by a group of substances (anthocyanin, etc.), which is responsible for cell restoration, rejuvenation of the body as a whole. Black tomatoes contain more vitamins, specifically vitamin C many times more than red or yellow-fruited counterparts.
In this article, we will tell you about one of the wonderful black varieties of Kumato tomatoes. Read here a full description of the variety, get acquainted with its characteristics and cultivation features.
Kumato tomatoes: variety description
|general description||Mid-season indeterminate variety|
|Ripening period||115-120 days|
|The form||Round or slightly oval, without pronounced ribs|
|Average weight of tomatoes||80 gram|
|Variety yield||15 kgs sq.m|
|Growing features||Standard agricultural technology|
|Disease resistance||Resistant to major diseases|
There is a lot of information about the breeders who received this variety, and they all differ. It is only known that European scientists (most likely - Belgian) bred the variety by crossing wild tomatoes from the Galapagos Islands with "domesticated" ones and adding a blackberry-based pigment. Kumato was not included in the State Register of the Russian Federation. Cultivation is available throughout the Russian Federation and other countries. The southern regions are the most favorable.
Tomato variety "Kumato" is known to gardeners all over the world, especially it is loved to grow in most European countries and Turkey. The plant is indeterminate, more than 2 m high, usually pinch the top until it reaches 2 m, for favorable conditions for the development of fruits. The stem is resistant, bristly, liana-like, medium-leafy. Brushes with fruits on a plant - from 8 pieces.
The rhizome develops violently in all directions by more than 50 cm, without deepening. Leaves are small in size, dark green, "tomato" type, has a wrinkled surface without pubescence. The articulation is simple, intermediate - the first inflorescence is formed over the 9th leaf, the next ones come with an interval of 1 - 2 leaves. The peduncle is articulated.
By the time of ripening "Kumato" - mid-season, closer to late, you can start harvesting on 120 days after seedling germination. Resistant to major tomato diseases... Growing is available outdoors and in greenhouses. In greenhouses, plants need to be pinched.
From 1 bush, you can collect up to 8 kg of beautiful fruits of almost the same size... From 1 sq. M. on average, about 15 kg are harvested.
Has a number of advantages:
- good harvest;
- high taste;
- perfectly tolerate transportation;
- are resistant to heat;
- resistant to most common diseases.
Of the obvious shortcomings, only color is distinguished - not everyone likes it. Also, insignificant single nuances were noticed.
You can compare the yield of the variety with others in the table:
|Kumato||15 kgs sq.m|
|Crimson sunset||14-18 kgs sq.m|
|Inseparable hearts||14-16 kg per square meter|
|Watermelon||4.6-8 kgs sq.m|
|Giant Crimson||10 kg per bush|
|Black Heart of Delirium||5-20 kg per bush|
|Crimson sunset||14-18 kg per square meter|
|Cosmonaut Volkov||15-18 kgs sq.m|
|Eupator||up to 40 kg per sq.m|
|Garlic||7-8 kg per bush|
|Golden domes||10-13 kgs sq.m|
- the main feature is an unusual color;
- the same regular round shape of the fruit is also not common;
- the seeds germinate quickly enough, then the growth slows down.
Shape - from rounded to oval, slightly ribbed. Sizes - about 5-7 cm in diameter, weight - from 80 g. Fruits are the same in size. The color of unripe fruits is pale green without spots at the stalk; over time, darkening begins, resulting in a chocolate (maroon) color with thin stripes of green, sometimes without stripes.
The skin is dense, smooth, matte. The pulp is fleshy, super-dense, but tender. It has a dark red, sometimes greenish color. There are few seeds, distributed in correct proportions over 4 chambers. There is much more dry matter in dark fruits than in ordinary red ones, more than 5%. The crop is stored for a relatively long time, but it is better to use it immediately. Long-distance transport is well tolerated.
Black tomatoes "Kumato" have an excellent taste - sweet with fruit and berry notes, the aroma is amazing. First of all, the tomato variety "Kumato" is intended for fresh consumption, it is considered a dessert variety. Suitable for salads, soups, hot dishes. Canning is well tolerated due to the high density of the fruit. Tomato paste and juice acquire an interesting unique taste. Taste and vitamins are not lost during heat treatment.
You can compare the weight of the variety with others in the table below:
|Variety name||Fruit weight|
|Japanese truffle||100-200 grams|
|Cosmonaut Volkov||550-800 grams|
|Spasskaya Tower||200-500 grams|
|Rookie pink||120-200 grams|
|Icicle pink||80-110 grams|
Tomato "Kumato": a more unusual variety of tomatoes can be seen in the photo:
Growing dark-fruited varieties such as the Kumato tomato is no different from other tomato varieties. Seeds begin to be planted in early March, after disinfecting them in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, rinsing with running water. A solution treatment is often used to stimulate seed growth.
The soil must be disinfected and steamed from microorganisms. Planting takes place at a depth of about 2 cm with a distance between seeds of 2 cm in fertile soil heated to 22 degrees in a wide container. Spill the soil with seeds with warm, settled water and cover with plastic wrap or thin glass to form the desired moisture. Moisture promotes good seed germination.
Place the container with future seedlings in a warm (about 25 degrees) well-lit place. After the majority of seedlings emerge (about the 5th day), the cover is removed. When 2 well-developed leaves appear, the seedlings are seated in separate containers - they dive. This contributes to better development of the root system and the plant in the future. Seedlings are fertilized with mineral fertilizers. Watering occurs as the soil dries up, not often.
Plants are hardened 2 weeks before planting. In mid-May, it is possible to land in a greenhouse, in open ground - 2 weeks later, when severe cold weather has passed. Plants are planted in holes at a distance of about 50 cm from each other, fertilizers with phosphorus should be put in the holes... It is better to tie the plants directly to individual supports with synthetic materials. Watering, loosening and weeding - as needed.
Mulching is encouraged. Top dressing - according to the schedule, mullein and other mineral fertilizers, (usually every 10 days). The formation of a bush is not required, it grows in several stems, pinching is necessary for lateral and lower processes. Harvesting in July.
Diseases and pests
The variety is resistant to major diseases, some can be avoided by disinfecting seeds and soil. However, preventive spraying against diseases and pests is necessary. They use drugs from specialty stores.
Tomato "Kumato": the beneficial properties of this variety are obvious, the fruits contain a lot of useful substances, and the taste of tomatoes will not leave anyone indifferent.
You can also see the description of the Kumato tomato variety in the video:
|Mid-season||Medium early||Late ripening|
|Raspberry wine||The mystery of nature||Grapefruit|
|Royal gift||Pink king||De Barao Giant|
|Malachite Box||Cardinal||De Barao|