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Home ant pharaohs: what is its harm and how to deal with it?

Home ant pharaohs: what is its harm and how to deal with it?



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Pharaoh ants are the only species that from tropical conditions have expanded their range in other climatic zones. This is a global problem for millions of urban residents.

Appearance and lifestyle

The pharaoh ant is a small representative of the ant family. The length of the working individual reaches 2 mm, the male - 3 mm, the uterus - 4 mm. The worker ant has a light brown shade close to yellow. The queen is darker, like a garden ant. Males are black and have wings.

All pharaoh ants have yellow stripes on the belly, which are difficult to see due to the very small size of the insect. Ants lay eggs in places that are hard to reach for the human eye. They are 0.3 mm in diameter. Larvae - up to 1.5 mm, have an external resemblance to eggs.

Colonies of these insects can be up to 300 thousand individuals... The uterus spreads the colony by "budding" (cleavage). She, together with some of the working ants and males, creates a new nest near the rest of the colony. Individuals of different nests can move freely between them.

Reference! Pharaoh ants, unlike many other species, mate without leaving the nest. This contributes to the faster spread of the species.

The uterus lays about 400 eggs in batches of 10-12... The active breeding season is summer. In winter, fertility decreases.

A photo

Next, you will see what the pharaoh ants look like:

Where do pharaoh ants live?

These insects can constantly expand their nests, pave new paths to food sources. They live in a warm room. with temperatures above + 20 ° С, where there is food supply. They don't build anthills. The nest can be arranged in any dark place with voids:

  • joints between tiles;
  • space behind the skirting board;
  • hollow blinds and curtains;
  • electrical appliances that are not used;
  • piles of newspapers and magazines, etc.

Harm from ants

Like other insects, pharaoh ants can carry dangerous infections. They move through garbage, food waste, and bring disease-causing organisms to food. It is proved that these ants can carry viruses, including polio. With a lack of food, insects begin to eat wool and skin. They can even lead to the death of small animals, clogging their respiratory organs.

They are especially active crawl at night. Getting on human skin where there is damage, ants can provoke itching and infection of the wound. They multiply quickly, occupying new territories. Over time, they can populate the whole house, and it will be very problematic to remove them.

Ways to fight

Finding colonies of pharaoh ants is very difficult. Only 5% of individuals (foragers) run outside the nest in search of food. It is not worth killing them, but it is better to trace them in order to reveal the location of the entire colony. It will be easier to get rid of pests there.

Attention! To destroy the ants of the pharaohs in the apartment, it is better to resort to the help of specialists who will carry out a large-scale pest control.

A means for fighting ants should not scare them away, but attract them and destroy them. It is best to use traps and baits.

The best natural remedies for pest control:

  • yeast;
  • borax;
  • boric acid;
  • sunflower oil.

Chemical substances in the form of pastes, gels, and powders can be applied to the places of deployment and paths of movement of insects.

Important! It is ineffective to use aerosols against ants. They have a deterrent effect and cause an increase in population growth.

Ant chemicals:

  • "Combat";
  • Raptor;
  • Globol;
  • "Clean house";
  • "Fas".

Pharaoh ants are insects that cause significant harm to humans. The best defense against them is prevention. It is necessary to constantly maintain cleanliness in the house, prevent the accumulation of debris, and store food in a closed form.


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