We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Rodents annually cause irreparable damage to agriculture... This applies not only to products grown for industrial purposes, but also to suburban summer cottages.
The yellow pestle is one such pest. Although she considered a rare guest, it brings a lot of trouble, so it is important to be able to distinguish it from other species of rodents, to know how to fight.
Yellow pestle: photo and description of appearance
It differs from a simple vole by thick wool on the soles of its hind legs, from a steppe pika - by a protruding tail made of wool and a light color.
The yellow pestle is a small animal of the hamster family. Outwardly similar to a mouse, but larger. The body is elongated, slightly knocked down, long 10.5-21 cm.
The tail is rather fluffy, short, up to 2 cm. The color of the skin is monophonic, sandy-yellow, the belly is whitish. The ears are small, rounded, the tips are slightly visible from the fur.
Get to know the Yellow Pestle closer in our photo gallery:
Distribution and reproduction
Rare animal... Distributed in the semi-desert territories of Kazakhstan. Found in Mongolia, sandy areas of Northwest China, on the border with Russia. It settles in clayey areas, salt licks.
Reproduces 2-3 in 10-12 months. The litter contains up to 8 cubs, which quickly become independent and after 4 weeks can give new offspring themselves.
Until the beginning of the last century, the pestle had a high population, after which the number began to decline for unknown reasons.
It is listed in the Red Book, but no measures were taken to restore the number.
The pestle is diurnal. Lives in colonial settlements in deep burrows, representing a huge system of passages with 4-6 holes to the surface. Lives at a depth of 45-50 cm.
Lives in burrows most of the timeclimbing to the surface for food. It feeds on herbaceous plants (especially prefers white wormwood), shrubs, roots, invertebrates. Does not hibernate.
Harm to the human farmer
The yellow pestle is not so common in areas where crops are grown. This is due not only to a decrease in the population, but also to the habitat.
She settles mostly in sandy areas, salt licks.
But, colonies can settle next to summer cottages. In addition, many have adapted their territory for the cultivation of various crops.
Wheat, corn, beets, beans and others are well grown on the cultivated salt licks complexes.
In winter, rodents do not hibernate., which means they pose a danger to the harvested crop. They eat grain in hangars and poison it, spoil vegetables in basements.
On the plots, the roots of shrubs and plants are gnawed. They make numerous moves underground and exits to the outside, which means spoil flowers and crops.
They gnaw the roots of vegetables, drag peas, beans, millet into their burrows.
Ways to fight and protect
Consider the most popular ways to fight and protect the site from "intruders".
Traps and traps
Setting up traps and traps is the most common way to fight. The disadvantage is that it will not be possible to catch a large number of animals.
Check traps regularly, change the bait, be able to correctly place them on the site, remove the caught animals in a timely manner and properly dispose of them in compliance with sanitary standards.
In addition, you need to be able to use traps correctly so as not to get injured.
Poison - effective remedy, but when used great care should be taken... It is impossible to scatter the bait treated with poison just like that on the site and in the house, because it will become dangerous for pets and small children.
Observe in what places rodents appear and spread poisoned bait in these places.
By type, poisons can be divided into:
- Potent, from which the rodent will die immediately. Effective, but dangerous for pets.
- Weak poisonous substances are safer, but the rodents will have to be poisoned several times.
In addition, it must be remembered that the rodent's body adapts well to a certain poisonous substance, so it needs to be changed from time to time.
Modern devices give good results in the fight against pestles. They are quiet, comfortable and safe. The effect becomes noticeable immediately, and after 4-6 weeks of continuous use of the device, you can get rid of rodents almost completely.
Attention! When buying a device, it is important for the buyer to pay attention to the length (distance) of the emitted wave. If any universal device can be suitable for a room, several of them will be needed for a large area.
Many summer residents have cats at home, hoping to get rid of the pestle. The method is really good, but only if the animal loves to catch mice.
Therefore, having got a cat, you cannot be 100% sure of the security of the site and the house.
The yellow pestle is not a frequent visitor (like voles, for example), but they represent serious danger to plants and harvested crops... It is important to learn to distinguish between this animal, to know how to deal with it in order to protect the house and the site from irreparable damage.