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Preparing the entire anthill for winter is a very important and crucial stage in its life. After all, it is necessary to sufficiently insulate the "roof", to stock up the required amount of food, to bring out all new individuals. In addition, there are species that do not hibernate during the cold season, but their activity is reduced to a minimum - workers monitor the state of the chambers, if necessary, strengthen and repair them.
How and where do ants winter?
Preparation for wintering with ants - very time consuming process. The main part of the work on preparing the colony for the cold is aimed at stocking up the required amount of food - seeds, caterpillars, dry plants. In addition, there is a massive feeding of all the remaining larvae, as well as checking the existing compartments for wintering and, if necessary, digging new ones.
REFERENCE! When the cold time comes, the ants spend it in their own anthill, only move to the deepest chambers.
This is necessary so that individuals do not freeze - a constant warm microenvironment is maintained in them all the time.
All main exits from the colony are carefully clogged with clay, earth, and dry plants. However, during thaws, some may temporarily open for ventilation.
If the upper part of the anthill gets wet during the winter period, a special squad drags all the supplies into deeper compartments.
What do ants do in winter? Some species of ants sleep in winter, but their organs function at a slower pace. The rest continue to work, but their activity drops significantly. The body of an ant can withstand temperatures down to -50 degrees. This is achieved due to the accumulation of a large amount of sugar substances.
REFERENCE! Very often, during cold weather, ants move a large number of aphids to their nests in order to continue to feed on its secretions even during winter. But insects are not enough for the whole winter - aphids are dying from lack of fresh food.
Ants spend the winter in their nest, moving into special deep chambers. This time they do not sleep, but they reduce activity to a minimum. The cold weather preparation process includes stockpiling, hatching the remaining larvae, and creating new wintering compartments.
Next, you will see a photo of ants wintering:
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