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Zucchini is a healthy vegetable, one of the attractive properties of which is its low-calorie content. A vegetable rich in vitamins and minerals, unfortunately, is stored for no more than 10 days, but this is only fresh.
Recently, more and more housewives are harvesting zucchini for the winter, pickling, canning them or processing them into jam or preserves. However, in this case, the zucchini completely loses its useful qualities.
In order to eat healthy zucchini all year round, you can use an alternative storage method - drying, during which the value of the vegetable does not decrease one iota.
Composition and energy value
Fresh zucchini is almost 90% water. After going through the drying process, a vegetable is a "clot" of vitamins and minerals necessary for the health of the body... The composition of dried zucchini includes:
- di- and monosaccharides;
- saturated fatty acids;
- vitamins: beta-carotene, A, B1, B2, B5, B6, B9, C, E, H;
- macro- and microelements: potassium (K), calcium (Ca), sodium (Na), magnesium (Mg), phosphorus (F), iron (Fe).
Caloric content 24 kcal.
A nondescript-looking zucchini actually has unique properties. Zucchini, both fresh and dried, recommended for atherosclerosis, obesity, edema, constipation.
Zucchini are able to bind toxins and remove them from the body, and also limit the absorption of cholesterol into the bloodstream, also removing it from the human body. Due to the presence of natural sugars in the product, zucchini can be consumed by people with diabetes mellitus.
Regular consumption of dried zucchini helps to protect the organs of the digestive system from damage, participate in the regeneration of tissues of the digestive tract. The benefits of zucchini for older and elderly people have been noted, since the substances that make up the product improve motor and secretory gastric functions.
Zucchini are indicated for people suffering from liver disease and anemia. It is also useful to use this vegetable for those who have problems with the heart and blood vessels.
The diuretic effect that dried zucchini has on the body helps to quickly get rid of unnecessarily accumulated salts and water. Zucchini is especially useful for gout, urolithiasis and other diseases associated with metabolic disorders.
Zucchini can be safely included in the diet of pregnant and lactating women, as well as people trying to lose extra pounds. The product is considered a natural antioxidant, due to which regular consumption of them in food significantly reduces the risk of developing cancer.
Eating dried zucchini (as well as fresh) contraindicated for people with stomach and duodenal ulcers, with renal diseases, with exacerbation of gastritis, as well as in violation of the removal of potassium from the body.
Is it possible and all the details about the process of drying zucchini you will learn below.
Any varieties are suitable for drying. You can dry both mid-ripening and overripe fruits.
It is better to use small to medium-sized vegetables for drying, but you can harvest larger zucchini by removing the seeds first.
The fruits must be thoroughly washed and peeled, and the tails removed. And if you still do not know how to cut zucchini for drying, then we is in a hurry to answer - for a high-quality workpiece chop vegetables.
If small fruits are dried, they, after cleaning, need to be cut into cubes or slices. If the fruits are large, then after removing the peel and core (seeds), it is better to cut them into rings. The thickness of the slices should not exceed 1.5-2 cm.
The crushed product is placed in boiling water and blanched for 2-3 minutes, after which it is cooled in cool water and thrown onto a sieve to eliminate excess liquid.
You can dry zucchini naturally and artificially. When drying zucchini in the open air, it should be borne in mind that the process can take several days.
Having spread the prepared product at a short distance from each other on a sieve, it is placed in direct sunlight, turning it over from time to time to completely evaporate the liquid. Solar air drying should not be carried out on a baking sheet. If it is not possible to dry on a sieve, you can string zucchini rings on a string (forest) and hang in a warm room with good ventilation.
In the oven
The advantage of this drying method is that it takes less time., which must be spent on the process. Prepared and chopped zucchini are laid out on a baking sheet and placed in an oven preheated to no more than 50 degrees for 6-7 hours.
After the indicated time, the squash is removed and allowed to cool for 1 hour. If, after the manipulation has been done, moisture is present in the vegetable, and their appearance resembles dried zucchini, the drying process is repeated, reducing the residence time in the oven to 2 hours.
In an electric dryer
Now let's figure out how to dry zucchini in an electric dryer. The drying process in special equipment is almost identical to drying in the oven. By placing the crushed zucchini on the grates, and setting the temperature of the electric dryer to 45-50 degrees, after 4-5 hours you can taste the finished product.
Electric dryers of various brands have their own characteristics, so read the detailed instructions before drying., with regards to exactly the vegetable or fruit that you plan to dry. Zucchini dried in an electric dryer have a dense, elastic consistency.
Dried product stored in a dark place (under light exposure they lose their useful properties) in glass or polyethylene containers... It is also possible to store them in fabric bags, previously boiled in strong brine (1 hour of salt: 1 part of water).
And now we will consider a recipe for preparing dried zucchini for the winter in Korean. For this we need:
- dried zucchini;
- vegetable oil;
- spices for carrots in Korean;
- garlic - 2-3.
Dried zucchini soak in cool water for 10-15 minutes, then boil in water with salt (15 minutes). After the zucchini is cooked, it is necessary to drain off excess moisture by throwing it in a colander. Put the cooled zucchini in a salad bowl.
Combine oil heated in a frying pan (2-3 tbsp. L.) With zucchini, season with vinegar and spices and add 2-3 tbsp. l. zucchini broth. Add the peeled and chopped garlic to a bowl of zucchini and leave to infuse for 3-4 hours, after which the dish is ready for use.
Zucchini is one of the few fruits that can be dried relatively quickly. The delicate consistency of the vegetable, which is of great benefit to the body, can be used throughout the year to prepare a wide variety of dishes. After spending several hours preparing and drying zucchini in an electric dryer, oven or just in nature, you can pamper yourself and your loved ones with tasty and healthy dishes for a long time.
A short video will show you in detail how zucchini is dried using an electric dryer.