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If the white cabbage is not picked on time, then its shelf life will be significantly affected... It is important to catch the moment when the heads of cabbage have already formed, but have not yet had time to freeze.
Collection time the yield of cabbage largely depends on the specific variety and region of growth.
Simple tips that take into account all the details of the collection will help you avoid mistakes and prepare the cabbage for long storage.
Is it afraid of frost?
Is white cabbage afraid of frost? White cabbage first not afraid of frost, but there is still no need to delay harvesting. The longer the heads of cabbage lie in the cold, the worse they will be stored.
If a person does not have time to cut down all the cabbage until the temperature drops below -5 degrees, then it can quickly deteriorate.
Such heads of cabbage will have to be immediately put into action - frozen or fermented. In general, it will not lie for more than a month. And if you collect late cabbage too early, then the leaves will begin to wither and also prevent the harvest from lingering all winter.
Learn about the timing of the harvest: Brussels sprouts, cauliflower and kohlrabi from our articles.
When to store white cabbage? Early summer varieties are not suitable for long storage.
Their harvest time is when the heads of cabbage are fully formed, become large and become dense to the touch.
Because of this one-day collection all the early cabbage at once may not happen.
Usually it is cut as needed, as soon as the next head of cabbage is ripe. But you shouldn't delay with this case - stale early cabbage go bad very quickly, and the harvested on time will lie about 3 months until the late variety is harvested, which will go for winter harvesting or fresh storage.
For the winter, it is worth growing late cabbage. Terms of harvesting late white cabbage in September or October, which depends on the region and the average daily air temperature. In this case, immediately after harvesting, cabbage should be taken to the cellar or to another place where it will be stored. You can read more about how to store it properly in the article "Storing white cabbage".
What kind of weather should you pick (chop) white cabbage? The collection of white cabbage is carried out in dry, clear weather, when air humidity will be minimal... If it rains, then the heads of cabbage must be laid out on a canvas cloth (ordinary burlap is suitable) in a cool dry room, so that at least a day dried out from the water.
Then they are immediately transferred to the place of permanent storage. Read our articles on home storage and basement and cellar storage.
At what temperature is it recommended to clean?
The optimum average daily temperature for picking late white cabbage should be from +5 to 0 degrees. It is desirable that at night this value did not fall below -2as some heads of cabbage may start to crack.
There are no temperature rules for early June and July varieties. It is necessary to collect such cabbage as it ripens.
What garden tools should you use?
For harvesting white cabbage can be used big sharp knife, but it is most convenient to take small hatchet.
On the eve, he is well trained, and then he will help to quickly cope with the task.
But in any case, you will need a knife to carefully cut off the green leaves sticking out on the sides. Nothing else is required from the garden tools, but if you wish uproot stumps sticking out of the ground, then work gloves and a shovel may also come in handy.
How to cut correctly?
Cabbage is chopped up under the stump so that it remains stick out 5 cm... Then keep it in the same form, since this will help to extend the shelf life of the product.
Cabbage with a protruding stalk is not susceptible to fungus and other bacteria that can spoil the harvest. After the felling, the external protruding green leaves are cut off from the heads of cabbage. Those that fit tightly to the head of cabbage you can't touch - they will also allow the vegetable to last longer.
The remnants of the stump sticking out of the ground can be pulled out, or you can leave... In the spring they will let seed arrows, which will then allow you to grow new cabbage.
But it remains at the request of a person, and most people still uproot these "hemp".
And another way of harvesting white cabbage is uproot it at once, and then chop off the stump, leaving all the same 5 cm. There is no difference between the first and second methods of collection, and everything depends on the personal convenience of the person.
If during harvesting it turned out that some heads of cabbage split due to frost or as a result of some other factors, then you can't keep them together with everyone... They will either quickly deteriorate or simply dry out, so they should be dried in an oven or electric dryer, fermented, frozen, or immediately put into cooking.
To summarize, it is worth repeating that early summer varieties cabbage is harvested, focusing on its readiness, and late - on the air temperature.
Do not neglect inspecting each head of cabbage before sending it for storage, otherwise the entire crop can disappear very quickly and do not even reach the New Year.
For harvesting cabbage more convenient and safer just use a small ax, and cut off the outer leaves with a knife.
And whether or not to leave in the ground stump with roots everyone decides independently.