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Cauliflower should be treated more like a fragile and finicky flower rather than a cabbage. She complicated not only in cultivation and care, but also in storage.
And in order to save cauliflower for the winter, you need to carefully monitor it not only during ripening, but also during storage, as well as know useful secretsthat will help this delicate vegetable "live" as long as possible.
Which varieties of cauliflower are best for storage? Depending on the ripening period, cauliflower varieties are divided into three groups: early ripening, mid-ripening and late-ripening. Vegetation period early-ripening varieties - 80-110 days, mid-ripening - 110-140, late-ripening - 150 and more.
Due to the nature of maturation, the best resistance to unnatural storage conditions, that is, keeping quality, cabbage has late-ripening varieties, and the worst, respectively, early-ripening.
Therefore, lovers of eating cauliflower at any time of the year are recommended to plant several varieties of different groups... So already in June it will be possible to harvest the first fresh harvest, and in the fall to prepare a sufficient amount of cabbage for long-term winter storage.
How to store cauliflower? Cauliflower is a delicate, fragile young lady and stored much worse than other types.
So that most of the crop does not lose its fresh, healthy appearance, taste and useful qualities in winter, you need to carefully follow each step of preparation for storage, which begins with the competent harvesting of cauliflower:
- During the growing period, do not abuse nitrogen fertilizers, from which the crop deteriorates much faster.
- Cabbage is harvested 2-3 times as soon as the heads ripen. It is impossible let the cabbage outgrow, since it loses both taste and benefit, and is also not stored at all. A head 8-12 cm in diameter and weighing 400-1100 g is considered to be sufficiently ripe.
- The head should be cut, leaving 3-4 leavesthat protect it from damage.
- Do not keep the harvested crop in the sun, but immediately harvest the cabbage in dark and cool place... The sun's rays dry it out very quickly, which is why it withers and turns yellow.
How to keep cauliflower fresh for the winter? Once the crop is harvested, you need to decide where to store it. Since cauliflower contains a lot of moisture, she won't stay warm for a long time... The only suitable way to store cauliflower is "cold", that is, at a temperature of 0… 6 ° C. Also, so that the cabbage does not dry out, high humidity is needed - 90-95%.
So the right storage space is the one that meets the right conditions: basement, cellar or refrigerator... How to store cauliflower in an apartment? You can't keep cabbage in an apartment at all, only if you put it on balconywhere the temperature still does not drop below zero.
Any boxes and boxes can be adapted and insulate their. Then the cabbage will lie for some time after the onset of cold weather.
Another very convenient and most reliable way is freezing. In the freezer, cabbage will definitely not deteriorate and will lie there for more than six months.
Shelf life cauliflower can be very different. It depends on the quality of the crop and the chosen method. Thus, the cabbage can be stored from 3 weeks to 12 months... Choosing a way to store cabbage should be based on the purposes for which you will use it.
How to keep cauliflower for the winter at home? You will find out one way by watching the video:
In the basement or cellar
If you have a cellar, and you do not need to store cabbage for a very long time, then priority storage method it becomes this one.
When stored in a cellar, cabbage fully retains both taste and useful qualities.
Shelf life is up to two months.
- Make sure that the conditions in the cellar are correct: humidity should be 90-95%, temperature - about 0 ° C.
- Prepare wooden or plastic boxes and plastic wrap.
- Inspect the crop and make sure it's not there damaged or sick heads. They are not suitable for storage.
- Clear every cabbage head from leaves and roots.
- Carefully pack the crops into boxes, cover them with plastic wrap and place them in the cellar.
- Check the cabbage from time to time for rot or disease... Remove the spoiled heads in a timely manner so that they do not infect the rest.
You can store cabbage in the cellar a little differently: hang the cabbage by the stumps... There is no need to change the conditions in the cellar. In a suspended state, cabbage will be stored for about a month.
Just like in the cellar, cabbage can be stored on the balconyof course, under the appropriate conditions.
In the fridge
How to keep cauliflower in the refrigerator? In the absence of a cellar, you can not bother and just put the cabbage in the refrigerator.
- Rinse the cabbage.
- Remove leaves and roots from it.
- Fold the cabbage into plastic bagsand then into the refrigerator. Each head has its own small house bag.
This method is the least successful, since cabbage is stored only about a week, and even loses its taste.
A week is a very short time. To prolong it, you can cabbage pre-saline: wash thoroughly, disassemble into inflorescences, put in jars and pour brine (for 10 kg of cabbage, 5 liters of water, 400 g of salt and the same amount of 8% vinegar). For cooking, it is enough rinse the cabbage from the brine.
In the freezer
How to store cauliflower in the freezer at home for the winter? A way to save cauliflower for the whole year - freeze it.
Of course, after freezing, it will no longer be fresh, but when using cabbage as an additional ingredient to the main dish, this is almost invisible.
The main thing is that you can eat cauliflower throughout 6-12 months after harvest.
- Cool water rinse thoroughly each cabbage head. Make sure you completely remove any dirt and insects that might get lost among the flowers.
- Cut off the green leaves and take apart the cabbage into small inflorescences... You only need to freeze them.
- You need cabbage blanchso that after defrosting it does not become soft, sluggish and discolored.
- Boil water in a saucepan and lower the inflorescences there for three minutes.
- Then drop the cabbage into ice waterto stop the brewing process immediately.
- Arrange the cabbage in sachets or any suitable container and place in freezer.
To use cabbage, just a little of it will be enough to warm.
An experienced gardener and housewife will share her ways of storing cauliflower in the freezer in winter in this video:
Learn how to freeze white cabbage, Brussels sprouts and broccoli at home from our articles.
There is another way to eat cauliflower most of the winter. The method is called weaning.
The undoubted advantage is that it will fresh... It is also used if the cold has come earlier than we would like, and the crop has not had time to ripen.
- It is recommended to grow cabbage in the cellar at a humidity of 90–95% and a temperature of 0… 4 ° C.
- Prepare several boxes of regular garden land.
- Choose the heads that look the most healthy and have many leaves. They should be in diameter 4-5 cm.
- In a couple of days, as you will "transplant" the cabbage, water it abundantly.
- Dig up the cabbage so that it remains big lump of earth.
- Place the heads deep in the drawer and tightly together.
- Sprinkle them with earth right down to the leaves.
- More often ventilate the basementso that the cabbage "breathes" fresh air.
Depending on the variety of cabbage, it will grow from 2 to 4 months, and you can choose varieties so that the cabbage will probably last for the whole winter.
The main thing is to maintain the right conditions, or it will ripen much earlier than expected and quickly deteriorate.
Keeping and growing cauliflower takes a lot of effort, but this should not be considered a reason not to plant it.
How to store cauliflower at home? One way to save cauliflower for the winter is to use it. leaven in banks. The video will tell you how to do this:
In addition to its benefits, cauliflower has a very mild and delicate taste that you will not find in any other species. This important property makes it most preferred "Cabbage" ingredient for many, many dishes.