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How to store broccoli cabbage for the winter at home: in the refrigerator or in the freezer?

How to store broccoli cabbage for the winter at home: in the refrigerator or in the freezer?



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Despite the fact that broccoli cabbage is quite resistant to low temperatures, drought and is not as difficult to grow as, for example, cauliflower, it is precisely its storage causes the most difficulties.

She's too fast withers and does not like excess moisture too much. Broccoli is classified as a product with a very short shelf life... But there are ways to eat such cabbage all year round.

Variety selection

Which varieties of broccoli are best for storage? Broccoli varieties are usually divided into three groups. The first one is early maturing varieties, the growing season is 75 to 90 days. This group includes early ripening varieties - from 70 to 75 days.

The second group - mid-season varieties with a growing season of 95-100 days. And the last group - late-ripening varieties, the growing season of which is more than 105 days.

Early maturing varieties ripen quickly and also deteriorate quicklytherefore they are the least suitable for storage. And best of all are suitable for these purposes late-ripening varieties, which are stored approximately twice as long as early maturing.

Also late-ripening varieties are slightly more resilient to uncomfortable weather conditions, which is very important, because vegetables that are not affected by sudden changes in weather are most suitable for storage.

And one more small advantage - it is usually already cool when harvesting late-ripening varieties, and broccoli should be removed. on a cool day.

Basic Rules

How to store broccoli for the winter? To be sure to preserve broccoli for the period, which cabbage should be stored, you need to not only follow the storage rules.

It is important to choose vegetables that surely they will survive it.

And then harvest them correctly so as not to spoil a good harvest, which makes it impossible to preserve it.

In no case the cabbage must not be allowed to overripe even a little, since eating overripe cabbage is not only tasteless, but also pointless. Broccoli that begins to bloom immediately takes on a bitter taste, harshness and loses most of its useful qualities.

In order to definitely not let the cabbage overripe, you should check it a little ahead of schedule, as it may vary depending on conditions. To determine if the cabbage is ripe enough, simple signs will help:

  • fresh, unripe broccoli has a deep dark green color;
  • the head is 10-12 cm in diameter;
  • there are no yellow spots on the inflorescences;
  • cabbage heads are dense and strong;
  • the central inflorescences are slightly larger than the outer ones.

On these grounds, you can also choose fresh cabbage in the store - you won't be mistaken. And if you have your broccoli crop and it is ripe enough, then it's time to start harvesting properly.

Harvest

How to clean broccoli for storage? Proper harvesting of broccoli cabbage is the key to successful storage. The shelf life depends little on what kind of refrigerator you have and how the cabbage lies there.

It depends a lot more on what happened to the cabbage before it was stored in the refrigerator. In case of improper harvesting, cabbage fades quickly, turns yellow and subsequently deteriorates.

Such cabbage is no longer worth eating, since the culinary value is minimized. You can avoid this by adhering to important rules when cleaning:

  1. Harvest broccoli in coolest hours days so as not to keep her warm. Cabbage is very sensitive to it and immediately begins to wilt.
  2. Do not cut the broccoli just under the head, but lower by 10-12 cm.
  3. Do not rip off the head, but carefully cut off to do not damage the stemwho will stay in the garden! He will still be needed.
  4. Broccoli is resistant to low temperatures, but not lower than -2 ° C... Otherwise, the cabbage will just freeze.

After harvesting, the crop should be hidden in the refrigerator as soon as possible so that keep warmth to a minimum... It is recommended to do this within a maximum of 30 minutes. Therefore, it is advisable to choose a storage method in advance and, if possible, prepare everything you need to remove the cabbage right away.

It was mentioned above that cut stems in the garden will come in handy later. The fact is that they can even up to 6 times give young side shoots with small heads-inflorescences that will provide additional harvest... Young heads are ideal for storage in the refrigerator and freezer. It is a sin not to take advantage of this.

You can find out how to properly and in what time frame to harvest white cabbage, cauliflower, as well as kohlrabi and Brussels sprouts, you can find out on our website.

Optimal conditions

Broccoli cannot be warm for a single extra minute, and also requires constant high humidity... Therefore, the only suitable storage space is in the refrigerator (or freezer-freezer).

Storage conditions - temperature 0 to 10 ° C and humidity 90-95%. This is the reason why broccoli cannot be kept in an apartment.

But even if the conditions and rules of preparation and storage are observed, broccoli cabbage can last fresh for a maximum of two weeks, more often - no more than a week... The Only Way That Will Provide You With Broccoli for 6-12 months after harvesting it is freezing.

The ways

How to store broccoli at home?

In the fridge

How to store broccoli in the refrigerator correctly? There are several ways to keep broccoli in the refrigerator.

The first method that will keep the cabbage for 5-9 days in a container with water:

  1. Take a suitable container and pour 1-2 cm of water.
  2. Place the broccoli head in the bowl so that the buds are outside.
  3. Cover the inflorescences with a plastic bag.
  4. Punch a few holes in it so that air can flow to the cabbage.
  5. Refrigerate broccoli.

Water follows change every day.

The second way is to store broccoli in a paper napkin... So the cabbage will lie for 3-4 days:

  1. Put water in a spray bottle and spray over the inflorescences.
  2. Wrap the cabbage in paper towels to absorb excess moisture.
  3. Towels should not fit snugly.
  4. Put it in the refrigerator.

The third method is more suitable for those who do not have time to monitor the condition of the cabbage. But it also keeps broccoli fresh. only 2-3 days:

  1. Take a plastic bag and punch a few holes in it to allow air to flow to the cabbage.
  2. Divide the cabbage into sachets, each head has its own sachet.
  3. Put it in the refrigerator.

The fact is that completely in a bag, even with holes, cabbage quickly grows rotten and starts to rot... Therefore, the method is not entirely successful.

One question arises: do i need to wash cabbage before storing it? Broccoli really does not like excessive moisture, so it is better to wash it just before use. But if you really want to, then you can wash the cabbage before storage, just need dry well her.

In the freezer

A week or even two is a very short time. What if you want to leave your broccoli for the winter?

Unfortunately, it will not be possible to keep it fresh, but you can completely do with freezing.

When properly frozen, cabbage almost does not lose appetizing appearance and useful qualities.

Instructions:

  1. First of all, vegetables specially selected for storage need Rinse.
  2. Dissolve 2-3 teaspoons in a cup of warm water vinegar or salt and place broccoli inflorescences there for 15-20 minutes. This procedure will surely rid the cabbage of dirt and insects.
  3. Rinse the cabbage well in clean cold water and dry.
  4. Sort broccoli into inflorescences about 3 cm in diameter and the same length.
  5. To remove enzymes that will spoil the frozen product, cabbage needs blanch.
  6. Boil a pot of water and place the inflorescences there for three minutes.
  7. Prepare a cup in advance with ice water and immediately after the end of cooking, lower the inflorescences into it to stop the process immediately.
  8. Drain and dry the cabbage.
  9. Pack in airtight sachets. Try to remove all excess air. Perfect fit vacuum bags and containers.
  10. Take away in freezer and enjoy broccoli all year long.

Not all broccoli recipes require defrost... But if you still need it, then just before cooking frozen cabbage is enough to hold in warm water.

You can learn how to freeze types of cabbage such as cauliflower, Brussels sprouts or white cabbage in our articles.

Broccoli is rightfully considered the healthiest type of cabbage... It contains substances and vitamins that increase immunity, and also prevent the appearance of cancer, which makes it an almost invaluable product.

Broccoli is an ideal dietary supplement as it helps to get rid of cellulite. So broccoli is clearly worth the effort in growing and storing.


Watch the video: scrapping and eating freezer frost (August 2022).