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In addition to the fact that future dried fruits must be thoroughly cleaned in order to preserve all vitamins and nutrients, it is important to consider some culinary tricks.
Some of them allow keep a light shade fruit pulp, and others - to achieve uniformity in shape and quality among all slices or slices.
Many variations have been found in the formulation of the solutions, as well as the methods for cutting fruit, which make the preparation of the apple cider even more. effective and useful.
The washing up
Do apples need to be washed before drying?
As before eating any fruit in its pure form, apple fruits need to rinse well in clean running water.
This will protect yourself and your family from microbes and bacteriathat accumulate on the peel. Then the apples are left to dry for a while, then to proceed to the next stage - slicing.
What and how to remove from the fruit before drying?
Washed fruit will need to be viewed for damage, notches and holesleft by insects.
It is not necessary to throw out the fruits if a worm trace was found on one side - carefully cut out the excessso that the remaining part of the apple remains.
If you plan to completely remove rind, pith and tails, then stock up on special devices. For the peel, there is a razor knife for slicing fruit.
Acts on the same principle as regular razor - the peel from the fruit is “shaved off” with smooth movements. The apple core removal tool speaks for itself. Passing from the tail to the other end of the apple, this knife carefully carves the middle of the fruit along with the seeds.
Do I need to clean skin from the apple before drying? It all depends on what recipes you need ready-made dried fruits... The peel will not interfere with the preparation of compotes and jelly, and for charlotte, jelly and other desserts, only completely peeled fruits will be optimal.
Some people believe that the peel will help preserve the main mass of nutrientsso it should not be cut off. And the peel itself is rich in calcium, phosphorus, antioxidants and vitamins A, C. However, it is important to consider where the fruit was purchased.
Store apples with a smooth, wax-like rind not always useful... It is better to remove such a skin.
Slicing forms options
How to cut apples for drying? There are a huge variety of shapes and sizes, starting with circles, slices, and ending with cubes. Regardless of which type of slicing you choose, try to make apple slices maximally identical.
Such cutting of apples for drying will provide you with a supply of not only aesthetically attractive dried fruits, but also become a guarantee that the apples dry quickly and evenly.
Can be cut off small slices from a whole apple, gently holding it in your free hand.
Gradually, you will cut off most of the pulp from the fruit, along with the peel, and all that remains is to throw out the core and tails.
In the event that the drying is on the balcony, attic or fresh air, and the apples themselves will have to thread, the most profitable option would be rings or dense lobules in the shape of a month.
The optimal size of the slices
How to cut apples for drying? Do not make slices too thin or thick... In the first case, the apples will dry up and turn into a tasteless film, and in the second, the drying process will stretch. If you cut the fruit on rings, then make each no more than half a centimeter in thickness. If the apples are too small, it is best to cut them into quarters and slices approximately 5-7 mm.
By what method and whether to save light shade of pulp from "rust" - this is an individual question. Depending on your funds, the presence of citric acid in the house, etc., you can use these tips or dry the apples right after cutting.
On taste natural color change will not affect dried fruits.
What to do for sliced apples did not darken? Found at least three different ways to help keep the fruit from oxidizing iron in the pulp. The first and easiest is blanching... Bring a large pot of water to a boil, then boil apple pieces in it for 2-3 minutes.
The second way is to use saline solution... For a 1% solution, it is enough to dilute 100 grams of iodized salt in a bucket of water (1 teaspoon per liter). Having kept the sliced apples in such a solution for several minutes, after drying, you will get a product with a pleasant light yellow hue, like fresh apples.
The third way is to hold the apples for a couple of minutes in the solution. citric, tartaric or acetic acid (2 grams per liter of cold water).
Another way is fumigation... Apples are fumigated as a standard no longer than 10 minutes, with sulfur dioxide.
A similar effect will give an aqueous solution with 0.1 - 0.2% sulfurous acid, for which 2-3 minutes will be more than enough.
If you treated apples with fumigation or sulfurous acid, ready-made dried fruits be sure to scald with boiling water before direct use.
What to cut?
What kind of knife to cut apples for drying? Naturally ideal for work sharpened knives, the handle of which is easy and comfortable in the palm of your hand.
An ordinary kitchen knife from the row is quite suitable universal, however, if possible, purchase specialized knife - for cleaning and cutting fruit.
They are small in size, with a straight or curved edge (most conveniently a concave blade), where part of the blade does not exceed 6-8 cm.
What devices are there for cutting apples for drying? In addition to the traditional method by hand using a regular knife, cutting apples will help special tools and devices.
One of them - mechanical device, which simultaneously peels and cuts the whole apple into a thin spiral. Subsequently, the apple cut with this device can be easily divided into separate half rings.
For slicing apples are also designed circular knives with blades going to the center... Sharp blades have an additional circle inside, which, simultaneously with cutting into equal slices, removes the core.
For the dessert version of dried fruits, it will not be superfluous to hold the apples in sweet water or sugar syrup.
Leave the peeled and chopped apples in the syrup in the refrigerator at night, and by the morning you can start drying.
Despite the abundance of models of vegetable cutters and devices for cutting fruits, most often it is a mechanical device that securely fixed on the table (suction cup or clamp).
The apple is squeezed onto special prongs, and a special side blade is pressed against its edge. With help revolving handle the apple, as on a spit, is gradually peeled from the skin, and at the same time it can be cut into a spiral or equal shares.
How to use special machine for cutting apples for drying, you can find out from the video:
Watch also a video tutorial on how to use special device for slicing apples for drying:
Preparing apples for drying will not take much of your time, and will only facilitate harvesting high-quality and tasty dried fruits.
Fruit properly processed by one method or another will not only retain an attractive appearance and useful properties, but also will be stored much longer than usual.
Before starting harvesting, decide how many servings of apples will go to certain dishes and drinks, and then use the necessary processing method about which you can find out in our articles: "Drying apples using household appliances", "Storing dried apples", as well as "Drying apples for making compote ".