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There can be many reasons for drying apples. First of all, it is bountiful harvestwhen there is not enough strength or jars for compote or fresh fruit jam. Sometimes whole kilograms of apples were put into pies, charlottes and other dishes, but a few more buckets remained in stock.
Then the question arises of how to deal with them in this case. In order not to waste precious fruits in vain, it is better to use by drying fruit for the winter.
If there are no special devices at hand like dehydrator or an airfryer, drying on the balcony or attic would be the best option. How are apples dried at home in the air? Techniques vary slightly depending on where you store the apples during drying.
How to dry apples at home on strings? How to prepare apples for drying? First you need examine the apples carefully and choose the best ones... Rotten, blackened or worm-eaten fruits are in no way suitable for dried fruits.
Be sure to rinse thoroughly and then dry the fruit, to avoid spoiling them... If there are punctures or other injuries on the skin, then they can be carefully cut out with a knife.
Practically it doesn't matter which varieties are most suitable for drying... These are summer or late varieties of apples, the main thing is that the fruit tastes good. Bitter or sour fruits, especially if they are unripe, will not work. Check the pulp - if it is dense and juicy, then apples will certainly be the perfect dried fruit.
In terms of size, it is better to give preference to large and medium ones - it is more convenient to cut them.
First, cut each fruit in half and remove the core as well as the tails on both sides.
It is better not to cut off the rind.if the crop is harvested from your own garden, and not from store shelves. Small specimens are divided into a maximum of 2-3 identical parts.
It is more convenient to cut apples into small "moon" slices, the thickness of which does not exceed 1 cm... You can also leave round slices, which can then be conveniently hung to dry. In addition, children will definitely like this shape. Remember: the more similar the pieces are, the more drying will take place more evenly, and all apples will be about the same condition.
Some gardeners advise holding sliced apples before drying. in a weak salt solution... Thanks to this, the iron contained in the fruits will not oxidize so much, and the dried fruits will turn out to be white and light yellow, and not "rusty".
In addition, they will be stored a little longer without the encroachment of gluttonous insects like fruit flies... A teaspoon of salt is needed per liter of water, after which fruits are “bathed” in the resulting solution, and then left to dry from moisture for a while. Then you can start drying.
A less effective way, after which some of the nutrients are lost, is short boiling apples before drying. Just dip the slices in water for a couple of seconds and let them dry immediately in the sun.
How to dry?
In the attic
How to dry apples in the attic? Make sure the attic is well ventilated, not contaminated with dust, cobwebs or mold... The air should be warm with low humidity. Next, apple slices are strung on a strong, but not too thick thread using a gypsy needle.
The distance between the pieces should be like this so that later they do not stick together, and dry air wrapped around them freely.
If the apples do not stick to the holder, break and fall off, select a different thickness of the slices.
The result should be a kind of garlands with many slices.
They hang them freely in the attic, be sure to cover with gauze.
A clean cloth will protect future dried fruits from dust and insects. In order for each part to dry well and not adhere to thread or gauze, move the apples once a day.
In this way you will spend a little over a week, maximum two, but get whole bunches of uniformly dried fruit.
The principle of drying apples is that approximately 80% of the water evaporates from the fruit, which makes them shrink and significantly lose weight. Thus, from 10 kg freshly harvested fresh fruit can be made 1 kg dry.
On the balcony
How to dry apples on a string on the balcony? The basics of drying fruit on the balcony and in the attic are pretty similar. The only difference is that apples have more access on the balcony. to sunlight, fresh air and another surface.
If it is possible to hang apple slices on threads, use it. However, once every few days, flip the "garlands" so that the rays of the sun evenly warmed up each side... Otherwise, take a few spacious baking sheets, on which you will need to spread all the sliced apple slices in one layer.
For the same purposes, it is quite suitable dense latticesthrough which the lobules will not seep, or wide trays... Some gardeners resort to the help of ordinary skewers, which only makes the task easier.
As with drying in a closed room like an attic, you need fruit cover with a whole gauze cloth... If the balcony is open, you will protect your workpieces from birds and insects.
Do not forget to sort out the slices from one to several times a day, flipping them from side to side... This will prevent them from sticking to each other and each side will remain optimally dried.
Compared to the previous drying method, apples will need lie for 4 to 6 days, which will significantly shorten the cooking time.
This result can be achieved in warm and cloudless weather.
Avoid rainy days - apples run the risk of being saturated with humid air, which will either prolong the drying period or completely spoil the dried fruit.
Based on your own preferences, type of premises and opportunities, choose the one the most comfortable way just for you. Each of them has its advantages and disadvantages, however, following the simple rules for preparing fruits and the drying process itself, you will in any case get a set of mouth-watering dried apples.
Make sure their solid shade, pale pink or light yellow (if you used a solution or boiling). The product should not be too brittle to the touch, but not soaked in juice either.
Then you can be sure that dried fruit cooked correctly.
You can learn how to dry apples at home from the video: