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In high season, gardeners and gardeners have to deal with many different problemsfrom weeding and removing the ubiquitous weeds to pest control.
Moreover, some of them can be called a disaster, because because of their gluttony and gluttony, they can harm many crops.
One of them is a slug, a mollusk, whose “diet” includes more than a hundred cultivated plants. He is always not averse to feasting on stems, buds, leaves and the fruits of many vegetables, so every self-respecting gardener should know: how to get rid of this annoying and objectionable "neighbor".
The first sign of the presence of slugs in the garden are small holes with traces of a silvery color that appear on the leaves of vegetable and fruit crops. There are many types of slugs in nature.
Moreover, these pests give the greatest preference to plants with juicy large leaves, for example, cabbage or beets, eating not only their green part, but also the fruits themselves.
In addition, slugs are very fond of ripe strawberries and strawberries and even tomatoes and potatoes, which are not very attractive to many other pests. You can fight them with chemical and folk remedies.
Also, garden slugs are a common cause of plant diseases such as powdery mildew, so it is very important, when planting them, to think about how to protect yourself from this unpleasant problem and, if necessary, get rid of it as quickly as possible.
How to fight?
Cabbage slugs and caterpillars can be a real disaster for the gardener. Cabbage pests can be seen in the photo. So, slugs on cabbage: how to deal with them? You can poison them in such ways:
- Metaldehyde. Granules of this pesticide must be scattered on the beds with vegetables and berry bushes. The slugs eat it and soon die from acute intestinal poisoning. This remedy is considered the most effective.
- Powdered slaked lime and copper sulfate. After watering or rain, they pollinate the aisles of cabbage. Corrosive substances, hitting the belly of a mollusk, will cause severe burns on his delicate skin, as a result of which the slug will die. Such treatments are best done during a period of high activity of slugs, which occurs in the evening.
- Furnace ash and bleach.
- Tobacco dust, etc.
What slugs look like on cabbage, see the photo below.
How to treat cabbage from slugs?
- Wasted beer. To do this, you need to place plastic cups near the heads of cabbage, half filled with beer, buried in the ground for stability.
The very next morning after such an operation, you will see dead pests eating a foamy drink.
The procedure must be repeated two or three times, and slugs can be safely forgotten until the end of the season;
- Grapefruit peel. In halves of a peel taken from an exotic fruit, make small holes-entrances and place them throughout the site.
Slugs lured by a pleasant aroma will crawl into such traps, but they will not be able to get out of them. So in the morning all that remains is to collect them and destroy them;
- If slugs eat cabbage: what to do? You can use roofing felt, cut boards and pieces of burlap. Such traps must be placed in vegetable beds. and leave for a day. When the slugs crawl there for the "overnight", you need to collect them and destroy.
Often the slug eats sweet bell pepper leaves, eating huge holes in them, which causes great harm to plants and negatively affects their development and productivity. Thus, the slugs on the peppers inflict great damage on the gardener.
Naturally, the first thought that comes to mind for every gardener is how to save peppers from caterpillars and slugs and how to process the crop in order to enjoy their delicious juicy fruits at the end of summer.
Protection takes place as follows:
- Preparations based on metaldehyde ("Thunderstorm", "Meta"). Such a "treat" will attract mollusks and lead them to inevitable death. In addition, metaldehyde-based chemicals have low toxicity. and do not harm the environment, including earthworms that live in the beds.
- Superphosphate. To achieve the desired effect, the peppers need to be powdered with this fertilizer, taking it in the calculation of 30-40 mg / m3.
Pepper slugs: how to deal with them in folk ways?
- White vinegar solution. To prepare the working solution, take ½ cup of table vinegar in a 10 liter bucket of water. The plants themselves and the soil under them are sprayed. It is best to do this in the evening, when the pests go to feed;
- Boiling water. The soft delicate body of slugs is very afraid of fever. Moreover, even 40 degrees Celsius, harmless for many plants, can become destructive for them. So, in order to remove slugs from bell peppers, they just need to be poured with water brought to a temperature of +60 degrees Celsius;
- Eggshell. Another good way to get rid of the "annoying neighbor" in our garden: scatter broken eggshells in the beds, the sharp edges of which hurt the delicate skin of the shellfish, leaving deep cuts on it. Thus, they will be destroyed in a short time.
One of the most popular crops grown in many summer cottages are cucumbers. However, their slugs are not bypassed, spoiling the quantity and quality of the future harvest. In most cases, they choose young fruits, hence the question arises: How to protect yourself from slugs on young cucumbers?
Moreover, they feel completely at ease not only in the open field, but also in greenhouses and greenhouses.
That is, gardeners are faced with a rather serious problem: how to preserve and preserve vegetables, to get a good harvest of cucumbers in the shortest possible time?
This requires the following measures:
- Regular inspection of plants and keeping the greenhouse clean. It should not contain plant waste, pieces of covering material and other debris. Thus, the appearance of slugs and other pests in it can be prevented.
- Construction of obstacles to the advancement of molluscs. A good option: clean river sand, which will make their movements even slower and more difficult.
- Making trap shelters out of old rags burdocks, boards and pieces of cardboard.
In difficult cases, chemical treatment is recommended, with using drugs with metaldehyde.
Tomatoes are also one of the favorite "dishes" of slugs, which they eat with great appetite and willingness.
Therefore, the most important task of any gardener is a prompt and competent solution to the issue: how to remove these unpleasant creatures from your site?
This can be done as follows:
- spreading dried nettles under the tomato plants, which these pests are afraid of like fire. Such a simple manipulation will discourage them from "encroaching" on these plants;
- making "obstacle strips" for slugs from ash and slaked lime;
- watering garden crops with infusion of garlic or onions, which mollusks do not tolerate "on the spirit";
- avoid thickening of the landings. The optimal planting pattern is 60x70 and 70x70 cm.
Moreover, in this way, you can plant not only tall, but also undersized varieties, so that their branches do not end up on the ground.
The ubiquitous and almost omnivorous slugs do not bypass one more vegetable, enjoying great love and respect of many gardeners. This is, of course, potatoes, foliage and tubers which they eat, causing great harm to plants.
That is, it is very important to know how to protect this crop and, if necessary, quickly remove the gluttonous pest from it.
To remove a slug on a potato, you can use one of the simple but effective methods, for example:
- Spray potato tops with wormwood tincture.
- Having placed horseradish leaves and roots between potato bushes, which will scare away pests.
- Scattering finely crushed river shells over the beds.
Fighting the mollusk in this way, you need to keep an eye on the so that loopholes are not formed in the "rough barrier" through which the pest can freely penetrate to the potatoes and other plants.
If slug treats potatoes and tomatoes rather cool and eats them in quite rare cases, then he eats juicy, ripe strawberries with great pleasure, see the photo on the right.
Often on eaten and deformed fruits, that appeared on the beds after a night pest hunt - a picture quite familiar to almost every gardener.
What to do in such cases? Of course, fight. Moreover, there are very simple ways that allow you to get rid of slugs on strawberries quickly and efficiently.
- mulching the land between the berry bushes with coniferous needles (best of all with spruce). Despite their gluttony, these mollusks will not dare to get close to them on the thorny "coniferous carpet" and your landings will be safe;
- planting parsley around the perimeter of strawberry beds and in its center, which is an excellent pest repellent;
- processing of berry bushes with a strong solution of sodium chloride.
If mollusks appear on ripe berries, in no case should you treat them with chemicals, since harmful substances will penetrate the fruits and make them toxic!
Fight slugs that appear on cherries you can use the so-called "sweet traps" made from jars or boxes of sour cream or yogurt, filled with kvass, fruit drink or juice and fixed around the tree trunk.
Climbing into such traps, they can't get out of there, so they only need to be collected and destroyed. Updating traps should be done every day, in the morning.
The favorite habitat of slugs are soils with strong moisture, overgrown with dense grass, in which they hide from the sun's rays. So, their appearance in the garden can be prevented by diverting stagnant water from the infield and removing excess vegetation from it.
That is, the best prevention of these pests will be regular weeding and mowing of grass on the side of the site. It is also necessary to promptly remove household and construction waste into it, since slugs are very fond of settling on its heaps.
Good help in dealing with annoying shellfish can have their natural enemies: animals that eat them with great pleasure.
Would you like to know how to get slugs off the site once and for all? Place a hedgehog, gray or green toads on it, and this issue will be resolved by itself.
In addition, you can line your garden crops with a collection of plants that the pest does not like. These include mint, wormwood, lemon balm, and tansy.
In a word, fighting slugs on the backyard, or in the basement, it will be quite effective provided regular and high-quality care for it.
This is exactly the case when timely prevention can give a really good result, therefore, it should not be neglected in any case.
If the "insidious villain" nevertheless managed to get into your garden, you can get rid of him without much difficulty using one of the popular methods convenient for you (the methods of dealing with slugs are described in detail here).
Almost all of them are quite simple, safe and effective. Well, in severely advanced cases, you can use chemical preparations containing metaldehyde. And you can forget about unpleasant neighbors once and for all.