Also

Slug clan: big black, roadside slug and other species

Slug clan: big black, roadside slug and other species


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

If you go out to your garden or vegetable garden in the morning and find bitten fruits, berries or vegetables, which are also stained with unpleasant mucus, then new uninvited residents have appeared at the summer cottage.

These are slugs. They are nocturnalhiding from the sun's rays during the day under the leaves. Therefore, they are quite difficult to detect. Usually only traces of their stay are found. in the form of spoiled plants.

And since garden slugs are omnivorous, most garden and vegetable crops can become spoiled. Of course, it is impossible to describe all the known types of land slugs, since there are a lot of them. we collected the most famous and common. See photos of slugs with names in the material.

Types of slugs

Garden (garden)

They are also called naked slugs. They have an elongated torso., which can change shape due to muscle contractions. The body is always moisturized with mucus, which is constantly secreted.

The color is inconspicuous - grayish, yellowish and light brown. There is a grater on the tongue - many small teeth of hard consistency, arranged in rows.

At the front edge there are tentacles with visual organs located on them. Small sizes - 25-30 mm.

This species can eat a variety of fruits and vegetables, especially tomatoes, strawberries, cabbage and strawberries. Distributed throughout Europe. Harms plants by eating leaves and stems, makes holes in fruits and vegetables. Thanks to his activities, the crop begins to rot, loses its marketable and decorative qualities.

It is active in cloudy and rainy weather, at night and early in the morning. It hides from the sun in humid lowlands, under earth lumps.

In constantly humid areas (groundwater is almost on the surface, river floodplains), increased fertility is observed. One adult is capable of laying a clutch of 300-400 eggs. They hibernate in the ground, the young go out in the spring.

Naked

Small (up to 70 mm in length) and the most frequent visitor to vegetable gardens... Absolutely omnivorous, it can feed on almost any plant.

Scientists have found that in the diet of a gluttonous slug includes more than 160 types of crops... Outwardly, it is completely inconspicuous, thanks to its colors, it is difficult to detect.

The torso may be brownish, gray or beige with yellow and white tints. The mantle is weakly expressed, it is almost invisible on the body.

The body is abundantly smeared with mucus, which is secreted more than other species. His stay is not hard to find due to the large number of slimy paths left by him.

You can meet this species in almost any part of Europe. Which is not surprising - after all the naked slug is fertile enough for this.

Big european

One of the biggest pests of this family. Big slug boasts a length of up to 150mm... The coloring is also quite extraordinary.

On top of the main background color (gray or brown, sometimes light brown), stripes and spots of different colors are applied from light, almost white to coal-black.

What are the big slugs, see the photo.

The European who doesn't like to move at all and change their habitat.

Most often it is settled in greenhouses and wet cellars and spends its whole life in them. Omnivorous and not capricious, it can eat any available vegetables, mushrooms and fruits of fruit trees.

Large roadside or leopard print

The body length can grow up to 20 cm. One of the largest representatives of slugs. The body is shriveled, mostly rounded, only at the rear it is sharpened at the end.

The main color can range from light gray to chestnut, and ash and yellowish slugs are often found. Black spots and stripes are scattered all over the body..

See the photo below for what a large roadside slug looks like.

It lives in Europe, which is its homeland, especially in the Central and North-Western part.

Its main feature is its mating method. Adults attach to trees or other suitable support with thick bundles of mucus and hang down. One gets the impression that they are floating in the air.

Large spotted

A large member of the family, which can reach 130 mm in length. It is distinguished by the presence of small black dots and specks.covering the mantle.

In addition, it also has a longitudinal black stripe running across the entire surface. The shape of the body is ovalrounded at the ends.

Distributed in the southern part of Europe and Asia, as it is quite thermophilic. In colder areas can live in greenhouses and other warm rooms.

It feeds on various vegetables, but most of all loves mushrooms, especially mushrooms.

The damage is quite serious due to its large size and a rather long life period of 3-4 g.

Big black

The largest black slug in the whole worldwhich reaches 300 mm in length. The black slug has a black mantle decorated with small light specks along the edges.

The sole is in two colors - gray on the sides and black in the center. The color of the body can differ even within the same family and vary from monochromatic to decorated with a wide variety of patterns.

Black slug lives in Europe, most often found in Western and Central. In the Northern regions, it can only live in greenhouses.

Black slug photo.

It feeds mainly on mushrooms, will not give up vegetables. May eat lichen in the absence of favorite food... The large size of the body determines the great appetite and the huge harm caused by the voracious giants.

There can be about 100 eggs in a clutch.

Redhead

It differs in average size, the usual length is about 100 mm, but sometimes it grows up to 180 mm. Has a very bright body color - brick, less often yellow, brownish-green or black.

Lives in Western, Eastern and Central Europe, North America. In many countries it is listed in the Red Book.

In nature, he lives next to a person, settling in the fields, in gardens, less often him can be found in wooded areas, again close to where people live.

Red roadside

It is also popularly called Spanish and Lusitanian. Introduced to Russia by accident, lives in warm regions of Europe.

Portugal and Spain are considered his homeland. It can reach 200 mm, but this is rare. The average length of adult slugs is 9-11 cm.

The color is solid, usually red, brick, orange. The mantle and torso are colored the same. The horns are black. The body is completely covered with wrinkles.

It is omnivorous, eating fruits, berries, flowers, and vegetables from the garden. Loves mushrooms. Very prolific species... All adult slugs are hermaphrodites.

Mating, they mutually fertilize each other and lay eggs in 5-6 days in an amount of up to 400 pieces each. Unlike other varieties, eggs are laid in spring and summer, young slugs "hatch" after a couple of weeks. They grow up 2 months before the status of "mature adult".

Cabbage

Despite the relatively short length (3-4 cm), these slugs cause significant harm to all types of cabbage. They settle on heads of cabbage and begin to gnaw many passages inward, not content with damage to the outer leaves.

The torso and mantle are brown or brown with spots of a darker shade. The spots are not pronounced, they are located in an arbitrary order. The sizes are varied. Horns and head are slightly darker.

Found throughout Europe, excluding the most northern regions. It feeds mainly on cabbage, but if there is a shortage of your favorite food, you can eat mushrooms, various vegetables and leaves.

Field

The mollusk is small in size, growing in length by 3-4 cm. The color is inconspicuous and inconspicuous, ranges from light gray to light chestnut in color.

Usually monochromatic both on the torso and on the mantle. The shape of the body is like a spindle - it is wide in the middle and narrowed towards the ends.

It is found throughout Europe. Lives at the edges of the forest, in constantly damp lowlands and meadows. Often moves to gardens, cultivated fields and vegetable gardens.

It feeds on young shoots, foliage, fruits and vegetables. The most favorite food is strawberries.

Smooth

A small mollusk that grows 25 mm in length. The mantle is located on the upper half of the body. The color is always monochromatic, the color can be brown, reddish, black. Cylindrical shape, the ends are narrowed.

Lives in Europe, including the CIS countries. It settles in always wet meadows, near various water bodies and in swamps. Differs in increased moisture-loving, resistant to cold.

It feeds on various berries severely damages plants in greenhouses, eats mushrooms and rotten plants in nature.

Forest

Forest slug can grow up to 15 cm in length during its life., and puberty occurs already at a length of 3 cm. Young individuals are always painted in a chestnut color, which most often changes.

The color of adult slugs is very diverse and varies from milky white to bluish black.

Habitat is very extensive and includes the British Isles, the whole of Northern Europe and the Pacific Northwest.

It is unpretentious in food, almost omnivorous. Can feed on living and semi-rotten plants, any mushrooms, carrion.

In Ireland, Germany and Great Britain it is listed in the Red Book.

Banana

It is huge, slightly short of the black slug. The length of his body is about 250 mm... A striking distinguishing feature is its color.

Most often it is a bright yellow color, but some individuals are colored white or green. Usually the color is monochromatic, sometimes dark specks are scattered on the back. Eyes are located on the upper horns, and the lower, shorter ones, have olfactory receptors.

The banana slug is native to North America., they can be found along the Pacific coast, all the way to Alaska.

His diet contains mushrooms, lichens and rotten grass, as well as faeces from various animals. Depending on the prevailing food, the torso can change color.

After fertilization, there are on average 70-75 eggs in a clutch. The dormant period occurs in the winter.when the temperature gets high and the weather is dry.

During this time, the slugs find a dark, humid place and hibernate. Slime saves them from drying outregularly allocated for protection.

Red triangular

Another exotic guest, this time from Eastern Australia... The appearance is somewhat different from other slugs. It has 2 tentacles instead of the expected 4.

In addition, it is adorned with a clear red or purple triangle on the mantle. The color of the body is very diverse, there are pale pink, milky white, dark or light cream, olive and red individuals.

The large size (up to 150 mm) allows you to take a good look at this handsome man.

For living, he chooses always moist shady gardens and forests, wasteland. Often they sneak into residential buildings, striving for bathrooms, where they eat mold. In nature, it eats tree lichens, especially on eucalyptus trees.

Orange or brown

It is of medium size, growing by 80 mm. The body is colored orange, brown or auburn. The mantle is smooth, takes up a third of the body. The torso itself is covered with folds and wrinkles..

Not afraid of the cold distributed in Europe, including the northern part and Siberia in Russia... He chooses forest zones for living, deciduous, mixed, and purely coniferous forests are suitable for him.

Sometimes it can be found in overgrown parks or in an old cemetery, where there are usually many trees.

It feeds at night, looking for rotten and dead roots, carrion, fallen leaves and any mushrooms. If a summer cottage or plot is located next to a forest, the slug must move to you, actively causing damage to lettuce leaves, cabbage and other vegetables.

Reticulate

A small clam that grows from strength by 2-3 cm... The color of the body is specific - a pattern in the form of a grid is scattered on a beige background, which is formed from crossed thin strips of dark color. The pattern is most pronounced on the back and robe. The tentacles are usually black.

It is found in Eastern Europe, including Russia and the CIS countries. Settles in open areas - garbage dumps, meadows, fields and vegetable gardens. Prefers clay soil. Does not happen in forest zones, does not like lush bushes.

Considered the most harmful slugactively spoiling the harvest. Most of all he loves cabbage. Often makes the heads of cabbage unusable, eating up numerous passages inside. Read the article on how to protect vegetables and berries from slugs.

In addition, with an abundance of rains, it attacks for sowing winter crops.

Conclusion

Despite the harmfulness, gastropods are very popular in modern society. Horned slugs are kept in apartments as pets.

They also appear in computer games (for example, the King's Slug in Terriak) and as heroes in books (the Horned Slug is used as an ingredient in magic potions).

However, do not get carried away by their non-standard attractiveness. and still remember the damage they cause. This you can learn from the material "Methods and methods of dealing with slugs". After reading it, you will become familiar with the chemicals and folk methods of fighting slugs. Also, read our article “Fighting slugs in the cellar (basement).

Useful video!


Watch the video: Voyage of the Beagle. Charles Darwin. Non-fiction, Science, Travel u0026 Geography. English. 212 (May 2022).