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Demanded and beloved: Zorachka potato variety

Demanded and beloved: Zorachka potato variety


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Potatoes are one of the most widely grown crops, both on an industrial scale and in summer cottages in various countries of the world. The benefits and great taste of potatoes have made them an everyday product on our tables.

Among the many varieties, it is very difficult to choose one, the best one. The rules of planting, care and the amount of harvest depend on the variety.

For summer cottages, early varieties are preferable, because they ripen before pests and diseases appear. Belarusian early potatoes Zorachka can be attributed to popular and favorite varieties.

Description of the variety

Variety nameZorachka
general characteristicsearly table variety of Belarusian selection, resistant to diseases, poorly tolerates drought
Ripening period70-75 days
Starch content12-14%
Mass of marketable tubers90-120 gr
The number of tubers in the bush9-12
Yield250-320 c / ha
Consumer qualitiessuitable for boiling like new potatoes
Keeping quality96%
Peel colordark yellow
Pulp colorpale yellow
Preferred growing regionsany type of soil and climate
Disease resistancethe variety is resistant to nematodes and cancer, moderately resistant to late blight of tops and tubers, not resistant to the Y-virus
Growing featureswatering is necessary
OriginatorSPC NAS of Belarus for potato and horticulture

A photo

Characteristics

The climatic zone of cultivation are: Russia, Belarus and Ukraine. The yield is average, about 70 t / ha. Possesses good taste, early, early ripening.

You can compare the yield indicators of Zorachka potatoes with other varieties in the table below:

Variety nameYield
Beauty400-450 c / ha
Vector670 c / ha
Artemis220-350 c / ha
Yankaup to 630 c / ha
Svitanok Kievup to 460 c / ha
Santana160-380 c / ha
Nevsky300-500 c / ha
Taisiyaup to 460 c / ha
Colomba220-420 c / ha
Bast400-500 c / ha

Potato variety Zorachka table, not drought tolerant, prefers light loamy soils with neutral PH.

Due to the low starch content, the variety is relatively resistant to mechanical damage, resistant to potato crayfish, golden nematode, medium resistance to late blight.

Keeping quality is good, stored from July to January at t8-10 C.

The ability to store well is an important quality for potatoes. In the table below you will find this characteristic for different varieties:

Variety nameKeeping quality
Timo96%
Arosa95%
Spring93%
Vineta87%
Impala95%
Zorachka96%
Kamensky97%
Latona90%
Lyubava98%
Luck88-97%

You can learn more about the terms, temperature and storage conditions in the articles on our website. All about storage in winter, in boxes, on the balcony, in the refrigerator, in a cleaned form, as well as what problems may arise, you will find in the section on storage.

The bush is low, with a medium stem, straight. Corolla of flowers medium, tightly knit, bluish in color. The leaves are green, wavy at the edge, medium in size.

Growing features

The agricultural technology of this variety is standard. Planting potatoes Zorachka in the beginning of May in a sunny open area.

The optimal precursors are cucumbers, carrots, cabbage, legumes, as well as perennial herbs and flax. It is better not to apply fresh manure under potatoes, this can lead to diseases of the tubers. Compost and wood ash can be used.

Sowing scheme: the distance between tubers is 30-40 cm, between the ridges - 50-60 cm. Planting depth: 7-10 cm.

Fertilizers are applied both when digging the entire site, and immediately before planting, in the holes... If the soil is acidic, add lime or dolomite. For an early variety, 100-200 grams are added to each hole. peat, tbsp. ash and tsp. superphosphate mixed with earth.

Very often the question arises of how and when to apply fertilizers. As the potatoes grow, 3 dressings are carried out... The first root dressing is started at the beginning of plant growth. A solution of 10 liters can be used. water, tbsp. urea and 2 tbsp. any universal fertilizer.

Second feeding done during the formation of buds, with the help of potassium sulfate diluted with ash.

Third feeding carried out during flowering, with a solution of superphosphate and nitrophoska. 0.5 - 1 liter for each bush, avoiding contact with the leaves.

When growing potatoes, all kinds of spraying are often required, mainly for pest control.

On our site you will find detailed articles on the benefits of using fungicides and herbicides when growing potatoes.

Potato care

Potatoes are a fairly unpretentious culture. The main thing in care: loosening the soil and removing weeds - mulching will help with this. The first loosening is carried out 10 days after planting. For the entire period of potato growth, it is necessary to carry out two hilling... The first - when the plant reaches 15-20 cm, the second, after about 2 weeks.

Watering is moderate, after watering it is necessary to loosen the soil. Watering is not carried out before the emergence of seedlings. The key to growing potatoes is choosing a good variety. For early consumption - early maturing, for long-term storage - late.

There are many ways to grow potatoes. We invite you to familiarize yourself with Dutch technologies in the articles on our website, learn everything about growing in bags, barrels, boxes or boxes without a bottom, under straw and from seeds.

Diseases and pests

The variety is resistant to nematodes and cancer, moderately resistant to late blight of tops and tubers, not resistant to Y-virus.

As for such common diseases of the nightshade as Alternaria, Fusarium, common scab, verticillium wilting, you will find detailed information about them in the articles of our website. And also everything about such pests as the Colorado potato beetle, wireworm, bears and how to deal with them.

Potatoes are the most essential vegetable in every summer cottage, and thanks to the simplicity of cultivation, a good harvest can be achieved even by a novice gardener, well, over time, turn the process into a business.

Below in the table you will find links to articles on potato varieties ripening at different times:

Mid lateMedium earlyLate ripening
AuroraBlack PrinceNikulinsky
ScarbNevskyAsterix
CourageDark-haired womanCardinal
RyabinushkaLord of the open spacesKiwi
BlueRamosSlav
ZhuravinkaTaisiyaRocco
LasunokBastIvan da Marya
SorcererCapricePicasso


Watch the video: Six Potato Varieties Revealed (May 2022).