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In Hawaii and Malaysia, girls adorn their hair with this flower.
One look at it is enough to plunge into the atmosphere of the tropical coast.
This delightful flower can be grown in your garden!
By what names were given to hibiscus in different countries, one can judge the attitude of people to the flower:
- "Princess Earrings" in Brazil;
- "Sudanese rose" in Egypt and Sudan (and also "Chinese Rose" and "Syrian Rose");
- "The flower of beautiful women" in Hawaii (there he is a national treasure);
- "Marsh mallow" - not very euphonious, but in the humid forests of America, hibiscus grows in thickets - it is clear why it is called that.
This is an evergreen plant belongs to the malvaceous family... There are many types of hibiscus. According to various estimates - from 150 to 230.
Among them there are ornamental trees, shrubs, dwarf shrubs and herbaceous hibiscus. Originally from China.
It is found wherever it is warm - in Africa, Asian countries and America.
The flowers are very large. Three petals in the podlashechka. Golden stamens, fused into a tube, protrude beyond the flower.
The flowering period is from early summer to early autumn.
Gardening, in different parts of the world, are called different species. In Russia, the Syrian treelike and herbaceous hybrid hibiscus is conventionally considered garden.
In the Krasnodar Territory, it is possible to grow the volatile hibiscus in the soil.
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Where and with whom to plant
When choosing a place for planting Hibiscus, take it very seriously, because with good care, a flower can live in one place for many decades!
There are many options on how to beat Hibiscus in a flower garden! Get creative, and here are some ideas:
- plant hibiscus among rose bushes of the same color scheme;
- neighborhood with lavender - both beautiful and useful (it will drive away aphids);
- a separate bush - in the center of the lawn;
- on both sides of the path (if this is an alley of hibiscus - just great);
- together several hibiscus of different shades;
- in the background there are flower beds with perennials;
- in a company with stunted conifers;
- hedge of hibiscus.
As a hedge, hibiscus is indeed ideal. In height, it can be from 1.5 to 3 meters. Produces dense, dense greens. In addition, it is great for cutting and shaping it.
No matter how you decide to plant a hibiscus, the main thing that a flower needs is a lot of light and little wind!
There are three ways to grow hibiscus:
We'll cover the first two as they are simpler and more commonly used.
You need to prepare a stalk in the summer. The top of the youngest growth works best.
Method 1. The stalk is placed in water, and when it overwinters, it is transplanted into the ground.
Method 2. Cuttings are treated with a growth stimulant and placed in a mixture of peat and sand.
In about a month, when the roots are there, it is planted in a pot. Planting mix - humus, leafy earth and sand. In the spring - in the ground.
Sowing time is from January to March. The seeds are soaked for 12 hours. After that, plant in a pot of peat and sand.
Cover with glass, but regularly open for ventilation and spray with warm water.
The room temperature must be above 26about C. When a hibiscus is planted with seeds, it takes 3-4 years to "mature" and begin to bloom.
Do not try to grow terry hibiscus varieties from seeds. For them, cuttings are still better.
Hibiscus prefers fertile soil, loose (the same as for roses). Land only when the soil has warmed up well, and the frost is already behind.
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- We dig a hole twice as large as the root ball.
- We add compost.
- Carefully place the seedling in the hole so that the root ball does not fall through and does not rise above ground level.
- We fill the voids in the hole with earth and compost. We compact the earth.
- Form a watering circle.
- Sprinkle generously with warm water. If the earth has settled, add more.
If you live in an area with a cool climate, choose only strong seedlings with well-developed roots for planting! Then they will have time to get stronger before wintering.
Watering is required regular, not too abundant. But in the heat, when the temperature approaches tropical, make sure that the ground under the bush does not dry out.
It is worth increasing watering during flowering. But, don't fill it.
The first, with nitrogen, is done in the spring. In the summer, if you want to achieve lush flowering, add phosphorus, potassium and trace elements.
In small portions approximately every three weeks.
Don't be afraid to prune your hibiscus. It will only benefit him - it will be more magnificent, and you can give it a decorative form.
The procedure is done in late winter, or early spring. Before the shoots start growing.
The hibiscus, which was formed in the form of a standard tree, looks very interesting. It's simple - from the very beginning of development, side shoots are removed until the flower grows to the desired height.
In the fall, feed with potash fertilizers. If you live in warm areas, it is enough to mulch the soil and cover it with snow in winter. Just in case, the bush can be tied with spruce branches.
But, if temperatures in winter fall below 30-34 degrees - this is fatal for hibiscus!
In this case, the thermophilic creature is taken to the house for wintering. You can place the plant in the basement, or you can lodge in a large pot at home.
What is hibiscus sick
Chlorosis. The lower leaves have fallen off, which means that the water for irrigation is oversaturated with chlorine and calcium.
Spider mite. It affects the flower in dry hot weather. Spray the hibiscus with warm water in the evenings to prevent this from happening.
If the flower is already infected, apply Aktara and Fitoverm.
Aphid. Aphid control methods, as well as on other plants. For example, tobacco or ash.
If the conditions of detention are violated:
- did not open, or all the buds wilted at the same time - there is little moisture and nutrition;
- there are no flowers, and the foliage is lush - overdid it with nitrogen, or there is little light, or it was too hot in winter;
- there are dirty pink spots on the leaves - there is little light, but a lot of food.
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Useful, not just beautiful
Hibiscus has found a use in medicine, cosmetology, it is eaten and made into drinks.
Famous tea "Hibiscus" made from Sudanese rose. On sale you can find: "Malvy tea", "Hibiscus tea", "Sudanese rose".
Hibiscus contains pectin, flavonoids, phytosterols, anthocyanins and hibisic acid.
If you own your own hibiscus, you can make your own health drink.
Take 2 tablespoons of chopped hibiscus flowers, pour boiling water (400 ml). Let it brew and strain.
This red infusion:
- has a bactericidal effect;
- light laxative;
- strengthens the walls of blood vessels;
- regulates blood pressure (hot - increases, cold - decreases);
- good for the liver;
Moreover, crushed flowers are used externally for treatment:
Contraindicated hibiscus treatment: pregnant women and young children.
Hibiscus flowers are used to make black hair dye and purple hair dye for industrial purposes.
In general, hibiscus is unpretentious. Apply all these simple guidelines and he will answer you with rich colors of flowers and lush greenery. Plant hibiscus in your home and enjoy the exotic that is always there!