Planting and caring for forsythia

Planting and caring for forsythia

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Forsythia - one of the most ancient shrubs belonging to the olive family.

With the onset of spring, it blooms one of the first among the other decorative cultures.

Its yellow flowers bloom before the leaves and delight with their flowering for 2-3 weeks.

Yellow flowers give way to green leaves, and in the fall they turn lilac-red.

Before planting this plant, you need to decide on its type, this is mainly depends on the climatein which the flower will grow.

Although all varieties of forsythia withstand frost up to - 10 degrees, many can freeze even under a winter shelter. And this subsequently has a bad effect on growth and flowering.

For example, Forsythia is greenest and drooping very susceptible to frost, it is better to grow them in the southern regions. Forsythia ovoid and European are the most frost-resistant species.

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Pits for planting this plant are prepared in advance. They are filled with the following composition: 1 part of humus, 1 part of sheet soil and 2 parts of sand.

If the acidity of the land on the site is increased, neutralized lime or chalk solution (300 - 400 g) or wood ash is added to each hole for planting (200 g).

Drainage is made of crushed stone and crushed bricks, the layer of which should be 15-20 cm. A layer of sand 6-8 cm is poured on top.

The distance between each plant should be 1.5 - 2 meters, the depth of the hole is 50 - 70 cm. Its parameters are 60x60 or 70x50 cm. It is better to plant forsythia in the fall, before frosts come.

When choosing a place, it should be borne in mind that the plant will bloom in a few years up to 3m in height and 2m in width.

Freshly planted shrubs are watered abundantly and lay a layer of mulch (peat, humus, rotted foliage), the branches are tilted to the ground, fixed with wire and make a shelter for the plant so that it can overwinter and not freeze.

Moreover, you need to cover all types of forsythia. For these purposes, materials are used through which air penetrates. This is necessary so that the shoots and buds do not vomit during the thaw.

You can cover the bush with needles. In the spring, the material is removed from the plant, the branches are straightened, and the flooring from the leaves is removed.

Although you can plant a shrub in the spring. When buying seedlings, it is advisable to choose them with a closed rhizome. In this case, they will take root better.

Ideal drop-off location will be where there is a lot of sunshine. But also the plant should be away from drafts and wind.

But a slight partial shade will not harm the plant either. Many flower lovers prefer to plant forsythia in the country because of its unpretentiousness to watering. This is important if it is not always possible to water it in a timely manner.

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In early spring, before flowering shrubs you need to feed mineral fertilizers - per 1m270 grams.

When the plant has bloomed and the next flower buds are laid, you can use the kemiru station wagon (100 grams per m²).

If there is enough rainfall, then additional watering for the forsythia is not necessary.

It is better adapted to dry weather than excess moisture.

But still, if in summer there is a long sultry weather without rain, then once a month the shrubs must be watered with 10 liters of water under each.

After watering, the soil around the flower is loosened and compost is added.

It should be carried out regularly weeding forsythia... When weeding, it is necessary to loosen the soil with one shovel bayonet. This allows air to freely penetrate to the roots and nourish them.

At the beginning of spring, it will be beneficial for the plant mulching the ground around manure, which will simultaneously be a top dressing.

The plant is very resistant to pests and diseases... When wilting, it is sprayed with zineb or foundation.

If nematodes are found, then the soil around the forsythia is disinfected with carbation. With bacteriosis, the shrub is uprooted and removed.


For the first year or two, the young shrub is not cut off, except that the shoots that have suffered from frost. An adult bush is also relieved of frozen branches in the spring.

The main pruning work occurs in the summer, when the flowering period ends. Branches that have faded are made half shorter.

Old or dried up branches are cut off and leave only 5-6 cm from the ground level, from which new lateral shoots will grow in the future.

By pruning, you can shape the plant into a ball or bowl, and control the density and height of the shrub.

To activate growth and make forsythia more lush in the future, it is necessary to cut it by 2/3 or even shorter once every 3 years. This is a kind of anti-aging procedure.

From the base, young shoots are activated, the number of which will be greater than before. So that the shrub does not lose its decorative appearance, it must be pruned every 3 to 4 years. If this is not done, the branches will stretch out and bloom worse.

Circumcision is performed in several stages.:

  • removal of old coarse branches under the base (1/4 of the total);
  • cutting off dead branches and thinning thick bushes;
  • shortening of faded shoots by ½ of their length, taking into account the decorative type of forsythia.

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The plant propagates quite simply - by layering, cuttings, and less often by seeds.


This method is most often used because of its simplicity.

If a forsythia branches bend to the ground, and they will come into contact with it for a long time, then they will soon take root themselves.

But it is better to monitor the reproduction yourself and choose the best branch, bending it to the ground and digging it in.

It is necessary to cut the bark in the place where the branch is dug. In the spring, when the shoot takes root, it can be transplanted from the main bush to another location.

In a year, the young forsythia will already bloom.


This method is also quite simple. Can multiply lignified and young shoots... Young green cuttings are cut in early summer.

To begin with, they are kept in a solution from the root for some time, they are planted with a priest in specially prepared soil and covered with a film so that create greenhouse conditions.

Already in the fall, the cutting will take root and take root well.

At this time, it can be assigned to a permanent place and covered with a ball of dry foliage for the winter.

Lignified cuttings are cut for planting in the fall. Their length should be up to 18 cm. They are planted in the ground 10 cm deep. Several buds are left on the surface. In order for the plant to overwinter, it is covered with dry leaves.


This method is rarely used. The percentage of seed germination in the region of 40%. Their sown in boxes with soil in spring... The first shoots appear in a month.

During the year, young shoots grow up to 6 cm. In the second year they can grow up to 30 cm, they can already be planted in open ground and left to winter under a thick layer of leaves.

The first flowering of such a shrub occurs in the 4-6th year of life.

Forsythia is a good option for gardeners and summer residents. With this shrub, you can create a vibrant colorful fence. In addition, by giving it the desired decorative shape, you can organically fit it into the landscape design of any site.

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