Sowing, reproduction and aquilegia care

Sowing, reproduction and aquilegia care

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Aquilegia is a perennial herb belonging to the buttercup family, also known as catchment, orlik, bell or boots.

Back in the 17th century, the plant was considered a talisman against evil forces, today aquilegia is a fairly common flower among flower growers, perfectly fitting, both in city flower beds and in personal plots.

There are more than 100 varieties in the world. Has two main methods of reproduction:

  • growing from seeds;
  • division of a ripe bush.

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Growing aquilegia from seeds

In the fall, aquilegia seeds are planted immediately in the soil. Pre-use mineral fertilizers located just below the seeds themselves in the soil.

In the spring, the plant germinates and gives high-quality seedlings, which are subsequently planted in the desired places.

To grow aquilegia from seeds in spring, mini-plates or special boxes are used.

A mixture of sifted earth, sand and humus from leaves in approximately equal quantities is taken as a land soil. Before sowing, the soil is compacted and slightly moistened.

It is best to use a fine sieve to help the seeds lay evenly. The seeds are first covered with a slight layer of earth, and then with thin paper or burlap, in order to further prevent the soil from drying out.

The optimum temperature for quick emergence is considered to be 16-19 ° C.

For the first 3-4 days the boxes of sown aquilegia are stored in a warm place, then they are placed in the cold for the same period. It is necessary to regularly water the greenhouse, but at the same time exclude the possibility of fungus formation from an excess of moisture.

The first shoots appear 2-4 weeks after sowing. When 2-3 leaves appear on the sprouted stalk, the plant is dived and transplanted into a separate container.

Landing in open ground is done in August or early spring of next year. Full flowering of aquilegia can be observed in the third year of the plant's life.

Aquilegia care

Aquilegia belongs to unpretentious plants and can grow quietly, both in the shade and in an open space under the sun.

In the first case, the flowering period is longer and the flowers are larger. The preferred soil is slightly loose soil with moderate moisture.

Aquilegia is drought-resistant, but regular watering should not be neglected, which will further affect intensive flowering.

Also, in the summer, the flowers are fertilized with minerals - 1-2 times per season.

After flowering, the stems of the aquilegia are cut at the level of the basal leaves. This procedure will prevent unwanted seeds from entering the soil and will preserve the decorative state of the bushes. Fertile soil is added to the bushes every year.

Aquilegia perfectly tolerates winter and does not require additional care during frosts.

The best option for placing flowers is 10-12 stems per 1 m² of land. When growing low-growing plant varieties, the desired distance between individual aquilegia flowers is 25 cm, in the case of tall varieties - up to 40 cm.

Aquilegia does not tolerate transplanting in the best way and in many cases this leads to the death of the plant. If a transplant is necessary, then it is best to do it in late summer or early autumn, so that the aquilegia can adapt to a new place and take root before the onset of frost.

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The procedure itself will require:

  • dig up an aquilegia bush along with a small amount of land;
  • cut the leaves, leaving only a few young ones;
  • cut the root of the flower lengthwise so that each half has root buds;
  • Sprinkle rhizome cuts with charcoal;
  • bury the bush in a new place and water intensively at the initial stage.

Over time, old plants lose their original attractiveness, which is most noticeable during the flowering period, so they are replaced with new ones. The approximate period of a full life of aquilegia is 5-7 years.

Popular varieties of aquilegia

Aquilegia is different, we will tell you about the most beautiful and famous varieties of this flower.


This species is found in forests, meadows and even at the foot or on the slopes of the mountains. The stem height can reach 80 cm, while the plant has a small rhizome.

The flower, 4-5 cm in diameter, can be white, pink or purple, depending on the type of common aquilegia.

The leaves are dissected into two or three lobes. Common aquilegia belongs to wild plants, has healing properties, while containing a sufficient amount of toxic substances.


This flower is the result of crossing the common aquilegia with other varieties from the American continent and the Northern Hemisphere.

In nature, plant height ranges from 50-100 cm.

The leaves have an original bluish or even variegated shade. Large flowers can reach more than 10 cm in diameter.

The color of the petals is varied: white, golden yellow, pink lilac. The flowering period is June and July.

One of the varieties of hybrid aquilegia - "Winky" goes well with growing in pots at home. The decorative external data of the plant and the long flowering period contribute to this in every possible way.


A perennial herb can reach 1 m in height. The leaves have a bluish color and an original three-lobed shape.

The flowers are large in size and are distinguished by a terry bloom, in addition to this, terry aquilegia is endowed with a variety of shades and shapes.

The flowering period is early summer. It is found both at home and in nature.


The habitat of the Barlow aquilegia is the mountainous and temperate ranges of the Northern Hemisphere. It has a thick and branched root that can go 50 cm deep into the ground and occupy about 70 cm of the area.

The stem of the plant reaches 100 cm in height. Aquilegia barlow has large flowers of various colors and dissected bluish leaves. Occurs in the form of shrubs.

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Grows in Western America in meadows and forests of the subalpine belt. Aquilegia blue quite often appears on the covers of publications about ornamental plants and adorns the image of the coat of arms of Colorado.

In nature, it occurs in the form of overgrown shrubs, reaching a height of 70 cm. Ornamental huge leaves have a bluish-green tint and are divided into three lobes.

The flowers can be up to 10 cm in diameter and are blue or light blue.


It is often found in the regions of Western and Eastern Siberia. There is noticeable pubescence along the erect stem.

It is found in the form of shrubs with a height not exceeding 70 cm.

The flowers are white or lilac-blue, up to 5 cm in diameter.

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