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Gardenia - a charming flower with a delicate refined aroma, has successfully won the gratitude of most lovers of beauty and easily occupied its niche in their collections.
Caring for gardenia is troublesome, but justified.
Light, moisture and warmth and love - only with these components the gardenia will delight the owner with its presence.
Gardenia is a charming favorite of most flower growers, it comes from distant regions of South Africa, India and China.
Graceful, unusually velvety white flowers with a delicate refined aroma are in perfect harmony with the rich green color of the smooth leaves of the tree.
A shrub with branching stems and brown bark in its historical homeland can reach a height of 180 centimeters; in room conditions, this figure will not exceed half a meter.
In the process of growth, it is required to form the crown of the tree by timely cutting off the stretching shoots.
The flowering period of buds, collected in inflorescences of 3-6 pieces, mainly occurs in summer.
The flower from white takes on a delicate yellow-cream shade, spreading an intoxicatingly sweet scent of jasmine throughout the room.
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Gardenia care rules
Despite the external charm, the capricious and wayward gardenia requires a special reverent attitude towards itself. Light, warmth and moisture are the main ingredients for quality growth.
An important condition for growing and stable flowering of a tree is the presence of a comfortable temperature, which in the summer is 22-240С, in winter - not less than 180FROM.
In winter, when there is a lack of light, the plant is quickly exhausted, therefore, to create a 12-hour day, it is recommended to add light to it with the help of fluorescent lamps.
You can not put a pot with a tree on a cold floor or near hot batteries, as hypothermia and overheating of the roots will affect it in a destructive way.
A charming gardenia loves airing, but does not tolerate drafts, any hypothermia and sudden temperature changes.
Compared to other species of this plant, the most adapted and easy to care for, even for beginner growers, is the jasmine gardenia.
Where to place your gardenia
An important point in caring for a demanding beauty is her location. Gardenia loves sunny places, but without direct sunlight.
The southern or southwestern parts of the room are ideal. In winter, in particular, you need to ensure that the plant is sufficiently illuminated.
During the period of bud formation, in order to avoid them falling off, it is not recommended to rearrange the gardenia from place to place and change its illumination.
How to choose the right soil for your gardenia
The difficulty of caring for a green tree is usually that it is difficult enough to get it to bloom.
The factor that determines this process is the correct soil.
The plant prefers acidic soil, which is recommended to be checked for acidity before planting.
Prepared soil can be purchased at the store or prepared by yourself.
To do this, in equal proportions, you need to mix turf, coniferous, leafy soil with peat and sand.
Watering the gardenia
Particular attention is required to be paid to watering the gardenia - abundant, but no frills. Slightly moist soil during the hot season is acceptable for the plant; in winter, the soil should be allowed to dry out, but to a moderate extent, without overdrying.
The water used for irrigation should be warm at any time of the year. Filtered or rainwater will be optimal, which needs to be boiled for some time, cooled and carefully drained, leaving the formed sediment at the bottom.
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Gardenia loves mineral and organic fertilizers with which it needs to be fed: young plants - 2 times a month, adults - every week.
In addition, a couple of times a season, it is advisable to enrich the soil and irrigation water with iron-containing preparations (for example, iron chelate).
This will be a good protection against chlorosis - a disease in which the growth of the tree stops and the yellowing of flowers and leaves begins.
The reasons for the appearance of chlorosis can be a violation of the plant care regimen or infection in the soil.
In parallel, it is required to use liquid fertilizers for indoor flowers containing potassium. The dosage in this case should be reduced by half of that stated on the package.
Gardenia prefers frequent spraying (up to several times a day), especially in the summer. To avoid the formation of stains on the leaves and the accumulation of salt in the soil, spray and irrigate water must be used mild. It can be infused with peat; for this, it is required to immerse a gauze bag with peat in a container with liquid.
It is recommended to acidify irrigation water twice a month with a couple of drops of lemon juice diluted in 1 liter of water.
This measure will favor the optimal absorption of nutrients from the soil by the plant, because gardenia can absorb many nutrients only in an acidic environment.
Spraying the plant, preferably from a fine spray bottle, can be replaced by humidifying the air around it. During the flowering period, the gardenia needs to be sprayed every day and make sure that the soil is constantly slightly damp, but not wet.
To maintain the required humidity level, it is better to place the flower pot in a tray filled with water and pebbles.
Reproduction and transplantation of gardenia
Flower propagation is carried out by young semi-lignified cuttings, cut in late February - early March.
Better accepted petioles with a "heel" - a piece of basic wood. Since the plant is very difficult to root, the soil should be warmed up.
If heating is not used, then the planted stalk must be covered with a jar or transparent bag, which is periodically opened to air the young plant, but not for more than a minute.
For intensive root formation, it is also desirable to use stimulants such as Kornevin and Heteroauxin.
A young hydrangea is transplanted once a year by carefully moving the plant into a larger pot with the addition of special soil. For mature trees, this can be done every few years. The plant cannot be transplanted during its flowering period.
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Negative factors for plant development
Failure to comply with the technology for growing gardenia in indoor conditions can lead to yellowing of the leaves, dropping of buds or the absence of their formation. The factors causing the occurrence of such undesirable processes are:
- improper watering, causing hypothermia or drying out of the soil and, as a result, serious diseases of the root system of the plant;
- lack of iron when watering a plant with hard water;
- sharp temperature fluctuations, the presence of drafts;
- low air humidity.
Useful properties of gardenia
Gardenia, in addition to its aesthetic function, has a number of beneficial properties from a medical point of view.
Its roots are successfully used in many countries as anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic agents.
Root-based decoctions have been used successfully in the treatment of dysentery and hepatitis. In Chinese medicine, it is an excellent remedy for headaches, insomnia and fatigue.
With quality care, the delicate beauty of gardenia will always stand out favorably against the background of other plants, delight the owner with beautiful flowers and fill the room with an exquisite magical aroma.