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Humping and growing of chess hazel grouse

Humping and growing of chess hazel grouse



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Our latitudes do not abound in a variety of spring blooming plants.

Winter rarely recedes with us before April.

In the wild in spring, primrose and snowdrops are most often found, and daffodils and tulips in gardens.

They belong to bulbous plants. They also include such a spring flower as chess hazel grouse or fritillaria... It looks like a bell, but its flowers are distinguished by an original checkerboard color.

Dark and light spots of a clear geometric pattern alternate. It reminded some botanist of a chessboard, and the epithet "chess" was assigned to the plant.

In Russian, the name "hazel grouse" has stuck, which is also, apparently, associated with the pattern on the petals. This popular comparison with the well-known variegated bird testifies to the fact that earlier the plant was found in the wild and people knew it perfectly.

Now it can only be found where there are no dwellings.

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The appearance of the hazel grouse

This plant is quite tall - up to 35 cm. It is known as a garden flower from the second half of the 16th century.

Cultural forms came to us from European countries. This is the usual way.

A wild plant enters Europe, its cultivated species are hatched there and spread further. Suffice it to recall the history of the tulip.

The leaves of the plant are rather narrow, oblong, resembling a double-edged knife in shape.

The flowers are usually single, sometimes there are two of them, about 2.5 cm in diameter. In the second or third decade of May, the plant blooms. Flowering duration - 1.2 weeks.

Thanks to breeders, the number of hazel grouse species is now approaching 200. Many species have their own subspecies.

The flower is loved in Great Britain, where they know how to appreciate the dull beauty of nature. Calm shades of yellow and brown, red and orange blend so harmoniously with the delicate spring green, and the gray-blue sky seems to frame this pastel picture, painted by one of the most skilled artists - in spring.

You can admire the flower the way the Japanese admire sakura: first appreciate the finished, elegant beauty of the whole plant, and then carefully consider the details and find harmony in everything.

Optimal growing conditions

A slightly shaded place in the garden, reliably protected from the wind, is most suitable for a checkerboard hazel grouse.

Then the plant will delight the owners with large flower petals, which will retain the brightness of the colors for the entire flowering period. In sunny areas, they can fade.

The plant looks good in its group and in flower beds next to other bulbs, such as tulips.

For spring plants, a bulb is about the same as a hump for a camel. The reserve food is stored here, which helps to survive in winter and painlessly go through the growing season in early spring.

Grouse bulbs are irregular in shape, they are rather oblong than round, slightly flattened. The plant prepares for a long time, waiting for the most favorable moment, and then "shoots" shoots. By this time, the entire program for future growth and development has already been written in the bulb.

Its first stage occurs at the end of summer, when the formation of roots and the development of the stem of the future plant begins. Bulbous can be called underground inhabitants. They spend only a few months in the sun.

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Reproduction methods

There are two ways: seeds and bulbs. In the first case, you need to have at least 2 specimens of the same species in your garden.

For a seed box to form, pollination must occur.

Once the capsule is dry, the seeds can be removed and sown in fertile soil enriched with organic matter.

On a raised area, furrows 5-8 cm wide should be made and seeds should be placed 1 cm deep.

A distance of at least 6 cm is required between the grooves. Cover the sowing with mulch 2 cm in height.

The next summer, sprouts will hatch from the seeds. They should be given inorganic fertilizer twice a year.

When propagated by bulbs, hazel grouse will bloom much faster. First you need to dig in the plant. The shovel is inserted into the ground carefully, taking care not to damage the surface of the bulb.

The babies are separated from the mother's bulb and seated. The bulb can be broken apart to obtain more planting material. Dry the resulting parts so that the exposed areas are covered with a new cloth.

If there is no storage space, then it is better to start transplanting whole bulbs on the same day, although they can lie in a cool, ventilated place, covered with peat or wet sand for a while (2-3 days), but the longer you delay with the transplant, the drier become bulbs, losing moisture and some of the nutrients.

Planting a plant

So the plant has bloomed. It is necessary to cut off wilted flowers without touching the leaves, they provide nutrition to the bulb.

After a while, the foliage takes on a yellow tint. This is a sure sign that the grouse has accumulated enough nutrients and is ready for winter.

The bulb is resting and the perfect time to transplant it.

The transplant must be completed before roots begin to appear on the bulb.

This usually happens in the last decade of August, the first week of September.

Small bulbs are placed in the ground, deepening by 8-10 cm, and especially large ones by 20 cm-30 cm, but the latter refers more to the imperial hazel grouse (the usual hazel grouse bulb is 2-3 cm). The gap between the hazel grouses should be about 30 cm.

Some growers recommend that when planting, slightly tilt the bulb to the side to drain excess moisture, while others do not see the benefit of this method.

You can conduct an experiment yourself and then check who is right. Cover the planting with mulch: peat or other organic light material.

The planting material must be thoroughly dried, and immediately before planting it must also be warmed up for better vegetation. Experienced gardeners claim that heated bulbs produce more flowers.

The bulbs are stored at room temperature or slightly higher (up to 30 ° C), but in a well-ventilated area. In the spring, the plant should be fed with any suitable fertilizer such as Agricola.

Chess hazel grouse care

If the place for planting is chosen correctly, hazel grouse can grow for a long time without requiring a transplant (up to 4 years).

The bulbs are usually dug up when they want to expand the flower bed.

Since the flower is bred from the wild, it still retains the firmness of its ancestor: it is unpretentious and tolerates frost well.

It is a fairly hardy plant, although it looks fragile and delicate.

In the fall, the stem is cut off, leaving no more than 1 cm above the ground, then this place is mulched. You don't need to do anything else, the plant is ready for winter.

The choice of soil for planting

For bulbous plants, the correct choice of soil is very important. Here are the main points to look out for:

  • the soil for hazel grouse should be moderately moist, have good drainage characteristics, without stagnant water;
  • the acidity of the soil is weak, close to zero, a neutral soil mixture is well suited;
  • light, breathable soil is being prepared with a small content of organic fertilizers, they are able to retain the required amount of moisture;
  • feeding is carried out either with well-rotted compost, or with mineral fertilizers (2 times per season).

Violet is a delicate and beautiful flower. Read on the site about breeding and caring for violets.

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Diseases to which the flower is susceptible

Grouse is a hardy plant that is resistant to disease. Especially if you do not deviate from the following rules:

  1. When replanting hazel grouse to a new place, make sure that no other bulbous plants grow on it before it. This is done for correct crop rotation.
  2. Do not plant damaged bulbs, and if there is no other way out, then cut off the rotten place to healthy pulp, and treat the wound with a fungicide.
  3. Do not plant the plant in places where water can hold for a long time.

If you follow these simple rules, then the plant will grow strong and will be able to cope with viruses and fungi that cause mold on its own. It does not require the use of herbicides.

Compliance with basic agricultural techniques will give the plant the necessary strength for growth and flowering. With the accumulation of experience, agricultural technology can be adjusted and achieved abundant flowering of grouse every year.


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