Planting clematis and caring for flowers

Planting clematis and caring for flowers

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Clematis - one of the most popular plants of the genus lianas.

Both the form and the variety of sizes and colors surprise with their splendor.

Flowers come in large and very small sizes, luxurious velvety and simple, yet graceful.

They are divided into 3 groups: blooming in spring from April to May, blooming in early summer, and blooming in July and later.

There are also several types in height: growing less than 1 m - herbaceous, over 3 m - climbing, grape-leaved and their types - up to 10 m. (See the varieties of clematis varieties here.)

It is for this reason that clematis should be planted correctly, since they are able to live for more than one year in one place.

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Planting clematis in the spring

For planting clematis, the most favorable seasons are autumn and spring. Saplings can go through the survival period much worse in the first year if the planting of the flower is delayed.

This is due to a failure in the life cycle of the plant, since clematis has an early growing season. This means that you need to plant on time in the spring.

If clematis is planted in the autumn, then you can be sure that it will take root quite well. You just need to know that by the onset of the winter cold, the flower needs to be allowed to take root properly. Thus, the topic of timing becomes relevant again.

As soon as the buds begin to swell or have not even begun to grow, from about April or early May, you can safely plant clematis.

For the correct planting of the plant, wide and deep enough holes for planting should be made - 60 cm each.

It is recommended to make drainage from crushed stone or broken brick 10-15 centimeters thick, if there is groundwater nearby.

After that, a fertile top layer and such fertilizers as: 2-3 handfuls of ash, 50 g of superphosphate, humus from 5 to 8 kg are added to the planting pit. Add 50g of slaked lime to acidic soil.

On the soil, which is scattered in advance in the form of a mound, it is necessary to spread the clematis roots evenly.

As one of the options, the mound can be made of sand, and at the end of planting, the root collar is also covered with sand. Thanks to such manipulations, rotting of the plant will be prevented.

If the vine is old, the root neck is deepened by 10-12 cm, if it is young, then the root neck should be deepened by about 5-11 cm.

Thus, not only will new shoots form, but also in summer it will serve as a protection against overheating, and in winter against freezing.

When planting clematis, it is necessary to adhere to a distance between seedlings of 1-1.5 m. Immediately after the planting process, the plants should be watered abundantly with water, and then mulched.

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Highlights of clematis planting

1. The plant transplantation tolerance is excellent, which allows you to plant them on a simple bed to grow and strengthen, and after a year or two, plant them in permanent places.

2. A clematis seedling is disinfected in a weak solution of potassium permanganate before planting.

3. After planting, it is imperative to put a support and tie the clematis (temporarily).

The support should be no more than 2 cm in diameter. In general, in the process of growth, the vine needs a two- or even three-fold garter of shoots that have grown.

This should be done so that the plant does not suffer from diseases and to reduce the risk of mechanical damage.

4. Active growth of only one stem is observed in large-leaved clematis species in the first year of planting. And in the year when the plant is planted, the top should be pinched, so the lateral processes will begin to grow. The pinching procedure itself can be done again.

5. Clematis is very fond of light, but not overheating of the root system. That is why it is very good to plant flowers such as marigolds, peonies, phloxes and others near it.

6. Since the liana plant is at risk of overheating and drying out the soil, in the spring, after loosening and the first watering, it is necessary to mulch with humus in northern places, sawdust in the southern regions or peat. And to close the shoots at the bottom and avoid overheating, it will be enough to "knock out" the flyer.

7. If the plant is to be planted against a wall, the best side would be the southwest or south side of the building. The distance for good plant growth should be at least 50 cm from the wall. Under no circumstances should water from the roof fall on it.

Where you should not plant a liana plant called clematis:

  • in places where there are drafts;
  • where there is deep partial shade or absolute shadow;
  • in the lowland, namely in those places where the accumulation of moisture and its stagnation is likely;
  • it is also not advised to plant clematis close to buildings.

How to care for clematis in the spring

If you grow clematis correctly, then you need to remember about frequent and abundant watering for several years after planting.

After three years, it will be enough to water several times a week 2-3 buckets of water under the bush.

Luxurious and beautiful blooms are the result of proper watering.

To keep moisture in the right amount, you should mulch and loosen the ground near clematis. For the mulching procedure, you can use rotted sawdust, peat or humus.

During the first year of growth of the liana plant, roots are actively developing and, in total, about 3 shoots are added.

Therefore, in order to develop many tens of clematis shoots and obtain a lush shrub with more than one hundred charming flowers, you need to properly and carefully take care of the plant for about 5-6 years. For this, flowers that grow in a single quantity are best cut off.

Already starting from 3 years of growth, clematis is gaining strength, many shoots begin to appear on it. The timing of the flowering of clematis can be well controlled with procedures such as pinching and pruning.

Then the flowering will be completely different and longer, unlike plants without pinching and pruning.

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Top dressing of clematis

Clematis are very sensitive to feeding. Therefore, they need fertilization, preferably once a week. For top dressing, a complete fertilizer from minerals is used - for 10 liters of water 30 grams of fertilizer, calculated for a volume of 2 sq.m. soil.

In addition to mineral dressing, 1 glass of wood ash for one separately taken plant is also suitable. Another very good fertilizer is mullein (manure).

This top dressing is recommended to be diluted with one part of the fertilizer per ten parts of water.

When the cold comes it is necessary to cover the root system of the plant, but at the onset of spring, you should not rush to open clematis.

Such a precaution is associated with the fact that the vine is afraid of still intermittent frosts and the sun, which shines brightly, which can lead to kidney damage.

As soon as the spring frosts recede, you can safely remove the shelter from the plant.

After feeding should be done nitrogen fertilizer. One of the good options would be urea - 40 grams for 10 liters of water. If the soil under clematis is acidic, then the best watering agent will be milk of lime in a proportion of 1 square meter of soil - 200 g of slaked lime for 10 liters of water.

The process of undressing the plant is best done in less sunny, better cloudy weather. It is recommended to even make them a little shade so that clematis gets used to the sunlight gradually.

The main points of caring for clematis immediately after planting:

  • it is necessary to immediately shade clematis and make protection from the wind;
  • water the plant abundantly, but in no case pour it!
  • regular weeding and loosening of the soil;
  • do not feed immediately after disembarkation!

Watch the video: Clematis flower-Gardening Tips and care. (June 2022).


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