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Cherry has become widespread due to its unpretentiousness and a large number of useful properties. Everyone is capable of properly organizing planting and caring for a valuable plant.
Cherry has been known to people for a long time, as well as its beneficial properties. For medicinal purposes, not only the berry of a shrub or tree can be used, but also their leaves, stalks and even roots.
What determines the beneficial properties of cherries
The characteristic sour taste and red tint of the pulp are formed due to the large amount of minerals, organic acids and vitamins. In particular, the fruits of the plant contain:
- vitamins A for blood vessels and vision, group B for a good state of the nervous system, C for the normal course of metabolic processes and the formation of strong immunity, E, H, PP for the health of the skin and the whole organism;
- the mineral composition is impressive with a variety of rare earth compounds. In particular, calcium, sodium, magnesium, potassium, sulfur, phosphorus, chlorine, iron, manganese, zinc, iodine, copper, chromium, fluorine, vanadium, molybdenum, boron, cobalt, rubidium, nickel are presented in cherry. Mineral compounds determine the normal course of ion-catalytic processes in the body, which determines well-being, the presence of a large amount of strength and vitality;
- pectin helps to stimulate digestion and gently cleanse the intestines from accumulated deposits.
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Useful properties of cherries
Cherries are remarkable for their abundance of an element of group B - folic acid, which is vital for pregnant women. A large amount of iron in the fruits of the plant allows the body to find "building material" to replenish the amount of blood corpuscles - erythrocytes, which is important for anemia and low levels of strength.
The abundant use of berries will cleanse the blood, and the mineral composition of the fruits will rejuvenate the body and increase its resistance to adverse factors.
Cherries are also renowned for their antiseptic properties. The pulp of berries inhibits streptococcal infections and staphylococcal microorganisms. Thus, the plant will help to cope with mucosal inflammation and stomatitis of various origins.
Fruit juice and pulp are also good as a tonic, anti-inflammatory and expectorant.
The complex of vitamins will ensure the normalization of metabolism and the strengthening of the nervous system, which is also influenced by magnesium and copper.
To achieve a sedative effect, you can take plain water infused with the fruits of the culture.
To cleanse the body and remove excess salts, a decoction from the stalks of the plant is used, which will help with puffiness, dropsy, and urolithiasis.
Regular consumption of cherries is shown to strengthen blood vessels and reduce blood cholesterol. The presence of a number of tannins has determined the spread of cherries as a cosmetic product.
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Planting and caring for cherries
It is better to plant cherries in the spring from seedlings prepared in advance and dug in for the winter. The size of the skeletal main branches should be about 60 cm. The planting pits can be prepared in the fall, and the planting itself should be carried out at the stage of technological ripeness of the soil - before the buds dissolve.
The kidney should not be acidic; liming is used to achieve the desired neutral acidity.
When laying a hole, organic fertilizer is added: compost, manure. It is important to lime the bud as needed before fertilizing.
Cherry seedlings are recommended to be placed at a distance of 3 m. The planting hole should be dug to a depth of 50 cm, filling the seedling with deposited earth mixed with fertilizers. To keep the plant even, you can immediately drive a peg into the ground.
Fertilizer is applied as needed. Typically, nitrogen levels are replenished as needed in the spring, while phosphorus and potassium should be added in the fall (for fertile plants).
Water the plants after flowering to accumulate water. To form a thinned longline crown, cherries are recommended to be cut.
Pruning should be done about three weeks before the appearance of the buds. You can form the crown of an adult tree immediately after planting.
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Cherry care in autumn
Basic autumn grooming operations include:
- water charging irrigation;
- pruning dry branches;
- whitewashing of trunks against the development of pests;
- application of potash and phosphorus fertilizers;
- clearing near-trunk circles.
Cherry care is fully justified by the benefits of the juicy fruits of this plant.