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Raspberries are good both fresh and processed. And every summer resident has a corner in the garden where these fragrant berries grow.
Growing bushes requires some knowledge and skills, even remontant varieties, which have made serious competition to well-known varieties, also need care.
New varieties of modern breeding Gusar, Kiev Sun, Phenomenon, Delbar Manifik, Polana Cumberland are recommended for growing more harmful to the strip of Russia. Among the remontant varieties, give preference to the Orange miracle, the Bryansk diva, Nizhegorodets.
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Choosing a site for raspberries
For raspberry seedlings, you need to choose a sunny site, in a darkened place it will also bear fruit, but the timing of flowering and fruiting will shift and the yield will be minimal.
Land for planting plants needs fertile soil with sufficient moisture content. If the groundwater is low, then the bed needs to be raised. It must be remembered that flooding, most often in spring, can adversely affect the plant.
Planting raspberry seedlings
Common raspberry varieties are usually planted in the fall. Dig up the ground before planting, remove all roots and weeds and apply complex fertilizer and rotted manure or humus. Prepare holes 24-30 cm deep.
Keep a distance of 60-75 cm between plants, maximum 50 cm. Sprinkle the roots of seedlings with a trunk with earth, do not tamp the earth.
Spill the earth and cover it with fallen leaves. If the seedlings were sold cut off, then it is better not to cut it.
Sometimes planting, especially remontant varieties, is done in the spring. After planting, the land is watered abundantly.
Raspberry care in spring
In the spring, after the snow melts, add nitrogen fertilizer to the soil, which will give the plant the necessary strength for growth. It is believed that after planting for 2 years, raspberries take root in a new place.
Therefore, it is better not to allow active fruiting, but to pick off the flowers. The fact is that the plant spends tremendous energy on the formation of berries, and such a load can adversely affect the viability of raspberries.
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When leaves form, inspect the overwintered seedling, if necessary, prune to the first well-developed bud. Do not throw out the raspberry sprigs - they make an amazing tea.
Tie up the raspberries either by placing posts or by pulling a wire along the bushes. Mulch the soil using mowed grass, sawdust, or weeds that have been weeded out.
Growing raspberries during flowering and fruiting
In dry weather, the plant must be watered, during the flowering period - in June, apply phosphorus-potassium fertilizer to the ground, or a complex fertilizer, such as nitrophoska.
Raspberries will be grateful if you feed them with a solution of settled slurry. Remove weeds in time, they consume nutrients from the soil.
It is better not to use chopping and loosening, since the roots of raspberries are located in the upper layer of the soil.
Regulate the density of the shoots by cutting. Too thickened plantings will give less harvest, and it will be more difficult to pick berries.
Berry picking should be done regularly. During the rainy season, the formation of rotten berries is possible, which must be burned or thrown away, preventing the rot from spreading to other berries.
Caring for common raspberries after picking berries
After the fruiting period, only prune the fruit-bearing shoots. Bring humus into the ground and cover with fallen leaves for the winter.
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Caring for remontant raspberries
Repaired raspberries begin to bear fruit in August. Remember that during the rainy season, nutrients are washed out of the soil faster, so be sure to feed the plants. After fruiting, prune all plants at ground level. Burn the pruned branches, with them you will destroy pests and plant diseases.
It turns out that the formation of remontant raspberry berries occurs on the shoots of the current year, therefore, such an agricultural technique makes it easier to care, and the plant is less susceptible to diseases.
Secrets of growing raspberries
When planting in the first year, some gardeners are disappointed: they bought varieties of large berries, but small ones were formed.
The habituation or adaptation of the bushes lasts a year, so it is possible that only the next year you will get the desired result.
If this does not happen, then transplant the seedlings to another place on the site.
You should not be afraid of cross-pollination and planting a number of different varieties of raspberries. Plants reproduce by root suckers.