Turkish carnation: reproduction, cultivation and care

Turkish carnation: reproduction, cultivation and care

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Among the many garden flowers, Turkish carnation occupies a special place. It is called a clove for its smell, which is very similar to the smell of a spice - cloves.

Decorating the garden and filling it with aroma, the carnation gives the garden a certain solemnity and lightness.

She is quite unpretentious, so it is not difficult to grow these flowers. Gardeners love this flower for its ease of growing, as well as for its bright flowering for quite a long time.

The carnation (Dianthus) has about 400 varieties. In addition, many amazing varieties have been bred with simple and double flowers. The flowers are characterized by frost resistance and cold resistance.

They are subdivided into perennials, one- and biennials. Carnations look great on flower beds, in curbs and look organically among stones.

Gardeners were engaged in the cultivation of carnations in ancient Greece.

Since the 16th century, carnation began to spread widely throughout Europe and it is from there that the Turkish or bearded carnation originates.

Turkish carnation: flower

The Turkish carnation is a low plant with a height of 20-80 cm. Its dense inflorescences consist of a large number of small flowers 1-1.5 cm in size.

The color of the inflorescences is very diverse: from snow-white to dark cherry. There are one-, two- and three-color carnations, with eyes, dashes and strokes. Flowers can be simple and double.

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Reproduction of Turkish carnation

Reproduction of Turkish carnation occurs by planting its seeds. You just need to know the timing of its sowing. It is better to sow a biennial plant in late May or early June, so that in August or early September, the grown seedlings are transplanted into flower beds in a timely manner.

If some plants were planted for growing, then it is necessary to replant them only in the spring (and it is better to do this together with an earthen clod).

If you sow two-year-olds before the first frosts, sprinkle with sand or mature compost), then in the spring the carnation shoots will be able to grow a rosette and will charm with their beauty next summer. Perennial carnation seeds can be planted in April with subsequent planting in the ground, or in May immediately on the garden bed. After a year, the plants can be moved to a permanent location.

Growing Turkish carnations

In the year of sowing, a powerful rosette grows from the seeds of a Turkish carnation. Carnation blooms only next year.

If, after flowering, the flower stalks are removed from the carnation, new layers may form on the outlet, which will bloom the next year.

In addition, you can cut the cuttings after flowering and plant them for rooting. Closer to winter, a new green rosette grows on the cuttings.

You can sow seeds in spring, summer or autumn before winter. It so happens that carnations, which have preserved heredity, do not always grow from their own seeds. A completely new and no less beautiful plant may well appear.

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Features of Turkish carnation care

Turkish carnation prefers sunny places. It will also grow in the shade, but not so brightly. Watering is necessary regularly, both before and after flowering. Moreover, it is recommended to hold the hose or watering can close to the ground when watering. It is better to avoid excess moisture, as the plant can die, getting sick with root rot.

A beautiful and exuberant flowering of carnations can only be on fertile soils. To do this, humus and peat, as well as mineral fertilizers, sand and ash, are introduced into the planting site.

The digging depth is at least 25-30 cm. Plant feeding is carried out when they reach 10-12 cm, combining with watering, both before and during flowering.

To prevent the plant from getting sick with root rot, the clove, upon reaching about 10 cm in height, is treated with fungicidal preparations, for example, "Hom".

Despite the fact that Turkish carnation under the snow tolerates frosts well, it is better to mulch it in late autumn with a thick layer of humus, sawdust or peat.

And in order to protect the leaves from the burns of the first rays of the sun, it is better to cover overwintered plants with lutrasil.

At the end of winter, it is also necessary to throw off snow from the plantings so that the plant does not get up and wet.

Turkish carnations can be planted in flower beds along with any annual flowers. Not too tall varieties look great in front of shrubs or in front of tall perennials.

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Watch the video: How to Grow Propagate Carnations or Dianthus from cuttings. (August 2022).