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Bright colors of snapdragon: species and varieties, care and reproduction

Bright colors of snapdragon: species and varieties, care and reproduction


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Bizarre shapes, an amazing variety of colors, abundant and long flowering are the indisputable advantages of this unpretentious plant, which is undeservedly deprived of the attention of most of the flower growers.

This is likely because snapdragons are not very common and not very familiar to many flower lovers.

However, once you plant this plant near your home, and snapdragon immediately ranked among the "favorites".

Let's take a closer look at this flower, which is interesting in its qualities, and, perhaps, you also decide to try to decorate your alpine slide or balcony with it, and later you will proudly tell about it to your friends, who will admire the variety of colors of its flowers with admiration.

Snapdragon, or antirrinum, is a perennial ornamental plant, the leaves of which are lanceolate, the flowers are represented by a beautiful unusual inflorescence.

There are a large number of varieties that differ in shape, size, color of flowers: it can be yellow, orange, dark brown, pink.

The flowers themselves are simple or double, have an open or closed corolla and resemble the open mouth of a lion. The flowering time of snapdragons is long, from early June to late autumn.

The homeland of this plant is North America.

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Growing conditions and care for snapdragons

Intense lighting

Open spaces - planting in partial shade is allowed, but in this case, a delay in flowering is possible, it will not be plentiful and the color of flowers will be softer than if the snapdragon is in an open sunny place;

Loamy and fertile soils - if you have clay soil in your garden, you should add peat, organic matter to it so that it becomes loose and there is no stagnation of excess moisture. If the soil is dominated by sandy loam, add rotted organic matter, black soil for better water retention;

Regular watering - do not allow excessive moisture in the ground; To maintain moisture in the topsoil, mulch the snapdragon with freshly cut grass or humus.

Reproduction of snapdragons

  • Cuttings;
  • Seed - the most commonly used. Sowing starts at the end of February and ends at the beginning of April. The seeds are lightly sprinkled with earth, the first shoots appear after about 10 days.To improve germination, it is useful to cover the container with seeds with a bag or glass, and when the first shoots appear, remove it. The temperature should be + 18 ° C and above. It is possible to sow seeds in open ground in May, while it is imperative to cover the bed with foil.

When 4-6 pairs of leaves appear, the tops of the plants are pinched - in this case, additional stems are formed.

In the case of growing snapdragons through seedlings, flowering begins in June and continues until the first frost.

Remove inflorescences that have already faded in time - this way you will extend the flowering period of the snapdragon.

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The healing properties of the snapdragon flower

Snapdragon, in addition to its outstanding decorative properties, also has healing properties:

  • Infusion of flowers treats bloating and some liver diseases;
  • Making a mixture of immortelle flowers, snapdragons, corn stigmas is a godsend when recovering from hepatitis.
  • The broth helps with boils, hemorrhoids, skin ulcers.

Diseases and pests that can infect snapdragons

  • Downy mildew;
  • Fusarium;
  • Various types of rot;
  • Rust;

Pests:

  • Aphid;
  • Tobacco thrips;
  • Mite;
  • Slugs.

Avoiding thickened plantings and adhering to the watering regimen will help prevent possible diseases.

The most popular varieties of snapdragons

"Brilliantrosa" - a tall flower (80 cm) of bright pink color;

"Madame Butterfly" - a variety that has flowers of a variety of colors and is shaped like an azalea. This is a tall variety about 70 cm tall;

Golden Monarch - a variety of medium height (50 cm), flowers have a lemon-yellow color, large;

"Lampion" - a flower of an unusual and interesting shape with a varied color - an ampelous snapdragon. Shoot length reaches 1 m in length;

"Tom Tamb" - a dwarf species of snapdragon, its height is only 20 cm. Flowers can have a wide variety of colors, the bushes are compact, dense.

Snapdragon is a sunny perennial, it will fill your garden with a fragrant aroma, attracting butterflies and bees, during the summer season it will decorate your flower gardens and balcony boxes with abundant flowering and will delight the eye with bright colors until late autumn, when there are already few flowers in nature.

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Watch the video: How to Grow Snapdragons from Seed - Planting Snapdragon Seed Cut Flower Gardening for Beginners (May 2022).