Zinnias: cultivation, care, disease and pest control

Zinnias: cultivation, care, disease and pest control

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Zinnia or zinnia, a beautiful flower. These flowers are popularly known as majors.

One of the virtues of zinnia is that it grows both in the garden and at home.

If you take care of it correctly, then it will delight you for a long time with its bright terry inflorescences.

Zinnia species

The main varieties of zinnias are graceful and narrow-leaved. Later, two more types of these types were bred: fine-flowered and linearis.

This plant is also distinguished by the height of the stem:

  • high - more than a meter,
  • medium - from 40 to 50 cm,
  • as well as dwarf ones - 10-35 cm.

Experienced gardeners advise planting high zinnia deep in the flower bed so that it does not obstruct smaller flowers.

Also, graceful zinnias are distinguished by inflorescences: dahlia, fantasies, chrysanthemums, gaiardio, pompom (lilliputian), scabio and cactus.

The most popular are dahlia (the inflorescences are thick and double, the arrangement of the petals resembles a tile) and pompom (the lower petals bend down and the flower becomes like a pompom).

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Features of flower care

Zinnia - This is an unpretentious thermophilic plant. She adores bright light, but is afraid of drafts and frost. Therefore, you must carefully choose the place for its disembarkation.

This plant is drought tolerant and is great for urban flower beds, where flowers are not often pampered with an abundance of water. But this feature does not mean that you can relax and not sow the flowers at all. To make the inflorescences more juicy, it is necessary to regularly add water to the root of the plant.

And if you water the inflorescences themselves, then they will dry out and lose their attractive appearance. It is also very important to loosen the soil. This will ensure proper air circulation and help protect the plant from disease.

If you take the time to feed your flowers, they will thank you with a lush bloom. For the first time, the soil is fed with humus or compost before planting the shoots.

The second feeding is done a month after planting, and the third is done while tying the buds. Further, such procedures can be carried out every month. The main thing is not to overdo it with nitrogen, so that the stems do not rot in wet weather.

If flowering weakens in the middle of summer, pruning must be carried out. In addition, you need to constantly remove wilted inflorescences in order to preserve the beautiful appearance of your flower bed and prolong flowering.

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Growing zinnia

The plant propagates by seeds. They can be sown on seedlings in mid-April, or outdoors in May. If you sow flowers directly on the garden bed, then the flowering period will come a little later.

If you decide to sow flowers in open ground, then you need to wait until the end of the frost. When the soil warms up enough, you need to dig up and fertilize it. Next, we make a small furrow (about 3 cm) and water the landing site. After that, you can safely sow the seeds.

The distance between future shoots should be at least 15-20 cm. If sowing is thicker, a transplant will be required.

After covering the seeds with earth, the garden must be watered again. This completes the planting of flowers. If the weather is favorable, the first shoots can be expected in 4-7 days.

If you sowed flowers for seedlings or very densely, you need to transplant them. It is better to do this in early June. Zinnias are very good at transplanting. The main thing is not to touch the root and replant it together with the soil in which the stem grew. Young sprouts are even more afraid of the cold than adult flowers. Therefore, when the temperature drops, they must be covered.

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Fight against diseases and pests of zinnia

The most common disease is powdery mildew (grayish-white bloom). It can appear in cold and wet weather. It is possible and necessary to avoid this disease. To do this, you need to take care of good air circulation and regular watering at the root. In addition to plaque, zinnia can be affected by fusarium, root rot and dry rot of the stems.

Of the pests, zinnia is afraid of aphids, snails, spider mites and slugs.

To combat these insects, special preparations must be used. In addition, May beetles are also happy to feast on zinnia. They prefer white and green flowers. Beetles must be collected from plants and destroyed.

Using colors

Tall varieties are well suited for flower beds and flower beds, while undersized varieties are most often grown in pots and balcony boxes. Low-growing zinnias are best planted in a group, so they will look better.

Flowers are also used for bouquets. It is best to cut them when the flower has opened three quarters. Zinnias stand well in water and retain their brightness for a long time.

By the way, in order to bring freshness to a sluggish bouquet, you just need to update the cut and put it in hot water.

To prolong the joy of flowering low-growing zinnias, before a cold snap, you can dig them out with a lump of earth, plant them in a pot and leave them on a light window.

Watch the video: Growing Zinnias from Seed Cut Flower Farm Gardening Garden How to Grow (May 2022).